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Wages and costs of living in Germany from 1820 to 1944.

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Kuczynski, Jürgen
Publication Date
  • ZA:
    • Historical Studies Data
  • Abstract

    This collection of wage data was published in „Die Geschichte der Lage der Arbeiter in Deutschland von 1789 bis in die Gegenwart“ by Jürgen Kuczynski (volume I and volume II, here quoted after 6th edition, Berlin 1953, 1954). The data contains wage indices of a certain base year and the corresponding wage raw data (hourly wages, weekly wages, annual wages in marks and pfennigs). The wage data is regionally widely spread until the year 1914; it contains single cities as well as bigger regional units. Since 1924 Kuczynski’s surveys rely on the publications of the statistical office. The wage data is ordered by professional groups, industry and agriculture and by certain industrial sectors. Kuczynski’s wage index is mainly based on publications of trade unions and on reports of different chambers of commerce. The weaknesses of the indices are due to the methodological inconsequence and the limited representative status concerning the election of geographical units. Union wages and also actually paid wages are considered in the calculations, like for example daily, weekly and annual wages or layer wages for miners. On the other side important industrial sectors such as the food or the textile sector are not taken into account. Wage data for agriculture relies often on estimations or is calculated with insufficient material. Wages for work at home are not taken into account in the index calculation. There are also problems with the representative status of the index regarding regional units because cities are weighted too important compared with rural regions. Another topic of the survey is the construction of an index of costs of living. For a long time Kuczynski’s index for costs of living was without any concurrence. It was used by different authors without any changes or modifications. The substantial weakness of the index is that for the calculation of the development of the costs of living, it only takes costs of food and rent into account. Prices of food and rent were weighted in the ratio 3 to 1. Kuczynski does not give an explanation for this weighting. Further the certain price indices for food and rent were calculated by the aggregation of incomplete regional price developments. Data tables in Histat A – Tables for the period from 1800 to1870: A.1 Wage Data (in Mark and Pfennig) A.2 Wage indices, base 1900 = 100 A.3 Costs of living and real wages 1900 = 100 B - Tables for the period from 1870 to 1932: B.1 Wage Data (in Mark and Pfennig) B.2 Wage indices, base 1900 = 100 B.3 Costs of living and real wages 1900 = 100 C - Tables for the period from 1932 to 1945: C.1 Wage Data (in Mark and Pfennig) C.2 Wage indices, base 1900 = 100 C.3 Costs of living and real wages 1932 = 100
Temporal Coverage
  • 1871 / 1945
Geographic Coverage
  • German Reich (1871-1945) (DXDE)
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 364
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA8584 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Kuczynski, J., 1954: Die Geschichte der Lage der Arbeiter in Deutschland von 1789 bis in die Gegenwart. Band I. Erster Teil 1789 bis 1870; Band I. Zweiter Teil 1871 bis 1932. 6. verb. A., Berlin. Kuczynski, J., 1953: Die Geschichte der Lage der Arbeiter in Deutschland von 1789 bis in die Gegenwart. Band II. Erster Teil 1933 bis Mai 1945. 3. verb. A., Berlin.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 17 | Registration Date: 2015-05-11

Kuczynski, Jürgen (2015): Löhne und Lebenshaltung in Deutschland von 1820 bis 1944.. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.