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United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1998

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : roll call voting data
Creator
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
  • Congressional Quarterly, Inc.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records Series
Publication Date
1984-06-29
Language
English
Free Keywords
eighteenth century; historical data; legislators; nineteenth century; political history; roll call data; roll call voting records; twentieth century; United States Congress; United States House of Representatives; United States Senate; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    Roll call voting records for both chambers of the United States Congress through the second session of the 105th Congress are presented in this data collection. Each data file in the collection contains information for one chamber of a single Congress. The units of analysis in each part are the individual members of Congress. Each record contains a member's voting action on every roll call vote taken during that Congress, along with variables that identify the member (e.g., name, party, state, district, uniform ICPSR member number, and most recent means of attaining office). In addition, the codebook provides descriptive information for each roll call, including the date of the vote, outcome in terms of nays and yeas, name of initiator, the relevant bill or resolution number, and a synopsis of the issue.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: House (1st Congress)
    • DS2: Senate (1st Congress)
    • DS3: House (2nd Congress)
    • DS4: Senate (2nd Congress)
    • DS5: House (3rd Congress)
    • DS6: Senate (3rd Congress)
    • DS7: House (4th Congress)
    • DS8: Senate (4th Congress)
    • DS9: House (5th Congress)
    • DS10: Senate (5th Congress)
    • DS11: House (6th Congress)
    • DS12: Senate (6th Congress)
    • DS13: House (7th Congress)
    • DS14: Senate (7th Congress)
    • DS15: House (8th Congress)
    • DS16: Senate (8th Congress)
    • DS17: House (9th Congress)
    • DS18: Senate (9th Congress)
    • DS19: House (10th Congress)
    • DS20: Senate (10th Congress)
    • DS21: House (11th Congress)
    • DS22: Senate (11th Congress)
    • DS23: House (12th Congress)
    • DS24: Senate (12th Congress)
    • DS25: House (13th Congress)
    • DS26: Senate (13th Congress)
    • DS27: House (14th Congress)
    • DS28: Senate (14th Congress)
    • DS29: House (15th Congress)
    • DS30: Senate (15th Congress)
    • DS31: House (16th Congress)
    • DS32: Senate (16th Congress)
    • DS33: House (17th Congress)
    • DS34: Senate (17th Congress)
    • DS35: House (18th Congress)
    • DS36: Senate (18th Congress)
    • DS37: House (19th Congress)
    • DS38: Senate (19th Congress)
    • DS39: House (20th Congress)
    • DS40: Senate (20th Congress)
    • DS41: House (21st Congress)
    • DS42: Senate (21st Congress)
    • DS43: House (22nd Congress)
    • DS44: Senate (22nd Congress)
    • DS45: House (23rd Congress)
    • DS46: Senate (23rd Congress)
    • DS47: House (24th Congress)
    • DS48: Senate (24th Congress)
    • DS49: House (25th Congress)
    • DS50: Senate (25th Congress)
    • DS51: House (26th Congress)
    • DS52: Senate (26th Congress)
    • DS53: House (27th Congress)
    • DS54: Senate (27th Congress)
    • DS55: House (28th Congress)
    • DS56: Senate (28th Congress)
    • DS57: House (29th Congress)
    • DS58: Senate (29th Congress)
    • DS59: House (30th Congress)
    • DS60: Senate (30th Congress)
    • DS61: House (31st Congress)
    • DS62: Senate (31st Congress)
    • DS63: House (32nd Congress)
    • DS64: Senate (32nd Congress)
    • DS65: House (33rd Congress)
    • DS66: Senate (33rd Congress)
    • DS67: House (34th Congress)
    • DS68: Senate (34th Congress)
    • DS69: House (35th Congress)
    • DS70: Senate (35th Congress)
    • DS71: House (36th Congress)
    • DS72: Senate (36th Congress)
    • DS73: House (37th Congress)
    • DS74: Senate (37th Congress)
    • DS75: House (38th Congress)
    • DS76: Senate (38th Congress)
    • DS77: House (39th Congress)
    • DS78: Senate (39th Congress)
    • DS79: House (40th Congress)
    • DS80: Senate (40th Congress)
    • DS81: House (41st Congress)
    • DS82: Senate (41st Congress)
    • DS83: House (42nd Congress)
    • DS84: Senate (42nd Congress)
    • DS85: House (43rd Congress)
    • DS86: Senate (43rd Congress)
    • DS87: House (44th Congress)
    • DS88: Senate (44th Congress)
    • DS89: House (45th Congress)
    • DS90: Senate (45th Congress)
    • DS91: House (46th Congress)
    • DS92: Senate (46th Congress)
    • DS93: House (47th Congress)
    • DS94: Senate (47th Congress)
    • DS95: House (48th Congress)
    • DS96: Senate (48th Congress)
    • DS97: House (49th Congress)
    • DS98: Senate (49th Congress)
    • DS99: House (50th Congress)
    • DS100: Senate (50th Congress)
    • DS101: House (51st Congress)
    • DS102: Senate (51st Congress)
    • DS103: House (52nd Congress)
    • DS104: Senate (52nd Congress)
    • DS105: House (53rd Congress)
    • DS106: Senate (53rd Congress)
    • DS107: House (54th Congress)
    • DS108: Senate (54th Congress)
    • DS109: House (55th Congress)
    • DS110: Senate (55th Congress)
    • DS111: House (56th Congress)
    • DS112: Senate (56th Congress)
    • DS113: House (57th Congress)
    • DS114: Senate (57th Congress)
    • DS115: House (58th Congress)
    • DS116: Senate (58th Congress)
    • DS117: House (59th Congress)
    • DS118: Senate (59th Congress)
    • DS119: House (60th Congress)
    • DS120: Senate (60th Congress)
    • DS121: House (61st Congress)
    • DS122: Senate (61st Congress)
    • DS123: House (62nd Congress)
    • DS124: Senate (62nd Congress)
    • DS125: House (63rd Congress)
    • DS126: Senate (63rd Congress)
    • DS127: House (64th Congress)
    • DS128: Senate (64th Congress)
    • DS129: House (65th Congress)
    • DS130: Senate (65th Congress)
    • DS131: House (66th Congress)
    • DS132: Senate (66th Congress)
    • DS133: House (67th Congress)
    • DS134: Senate (67th Congress)
    • DS135: House (68th Congress)
    • DS136: Senate (68th Congress)
    • DS137: House (69th Congress)
    • DS138: Senate (69th Congress)
    • DS139: House (70th Congress)
    • DS140: Senate (70th Congress)
    • DS141: House (71st Congress)
    • DS142: Senate (71st Congress)
    • DS143: House (72nd Congress)
    • DS144: Senate (72nd Congress)
    • DS145: House (73rd Congress)
    • DS146: Senate (73rd Congress)
    • DS147: House (74th Congress)
    • DS148: Senate (74th Congress)
    • DS149: House (75th Congress)
    • DS150: Senate (75th Congress)
    • DS151: House (76th Congress)
    • DS152: Senate (76th Congress)
    • DS153: House (77th Congress)
    • DS154: Senate (77th Congress)
    • DS155: House (78th Congress)
    • DS156: Senate (78th Congress)
    • DS157: House (79th Congress)
    • DS158: Senate (79th Congress)
    • DS159: House (80th Congress)
    • DS160: Senate (80th Congress)
    • DS161: House (81st Congress)
    • DS162: Senate (81st Congress)
    • DS163: House (82nd Congress)
    • DS164: Senate (82nd Congress)
    • DS165: House (83rd Congress)
    • DS166: Senate (83rd Congress)
    • DS167: House (84th Congress)
    • DS168: Senate (84th Congress)
    • DS169: House (85th Congress)
    • DS170: Senate (85th Congress)
    • DS171: House (86th Congress)
    • DS172: Senate (86th Congress)
    • DS173: House (87th Congress)
    • DS174: Senate (87th Congress)
    • DS175: House (88th Congress)
    • DS176: Senate (88th Congress)
    • DS177: House (89th Congress)
    • DS178: Senate (89th Congress)
    • DS179: House (90th Congress)
    • DS180: Senate (90th Congress)
    • DS181: House (91st Congress)
    • DS182: Senate (91st Congress)
    • DS183: House (92nd Congress)
    • DS184: Senate (92nd Congress)
    • DS185: House (93rd Congress)
    • DS186: Senate (93rd Congress)
    • DS187: House (94th Congress)
    • DS188: Senate (94th Congress)
    • DS189: House (95th Congress)
    • DS190: Senate (95th Congress)
    • DS191: House (96th Congress)
    • DS192: Senate (96th Congress)
    • DS193: House (97th Congress)
    • DS194: Senate (97th Congress)
    • DS195: House (98th Congress)
    • DS196: Senate (98th Congress)
    • DS197: House (99th Congress)
    • DS198: Senate (99th Congress)
    • DS199: House (100th Congress)
    • DS200: Senate (100th Congress)
    • DS201: House (101st Congress)
    • DS202: Senate (101st Congress)
    • DS203: House (102nd Congress)
    • DS204: Senate (102nd Congress)
    • DS205: House (103rd Congress)
    • DS206: Senate (103rd Congress)
    • DS207: House (104th Congress)
    • DS208: Senate (104th Congress)
    • DS209: House (105th Congress)
    • DS210: Senate (105th Congress)
    • DS301: Diskette D00014, 101st House and Senate (both sessions)
    • DS499: List of Member Number, Party ID and State Errata Announced in January 1988
    • DS500: Roll Calls Database SPIRES File Definition
    • DS501: SPIRES Roll Calls Database RCSETS Information
    • DS502: SPIRES Roll Calls Database RCNOTES Information
    • DS503: SPIRES Roll Calls Database Data
    • DS504: SPIRES Roll Calls Database Output Formats
    • DS505: SPIRES Roll Calls Database Data Additions and Updates As of September 1, 1987
Temporal Coverage
  • 1789 / 1998
    Time period: 1789--1998
Sampled Universe
All roll call votes in the United States Congress.
Collection Mode
  • The technical format has been standardized for all Congresses. Each file contains data for one chamber of a single Congress.

Note
2010-05-06 Data for the 105th Congress, House, and Senate (Parts 209-210), have been added to this collection, along with the standard ICPSR full product suite of files.2004-06-17 Variables were added to Part 110, Senate (55th Congress), and data within certain variables were corrected. SAS and SPSS data definition statements and the codebook have been modified to reflect these changes.2001-08-24 Logical record length data for the 8th session of the Senate, Part 16, is being made available along with SAS and SPSS data definition statements. The codebook has been modified to reflect these changes.1998-12-17 Data for the 104th Congress, House and Senate (Parts 207-208), have been added to this collection, along with corresponding machine-readable documentation and SAS and SPSS data definition statements.1997-02-24 Data for the 102nd and 103rd Congresses, House, and Senate (Parts 203-206) have been added to this collection, along with corresponding machine-readable documentation and SAS and SPSS data definition statements.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 4 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR00004.v1
Publications
  • Bailey, Martha J., Duquette, Nicolas J.. How Johnson fought the war on poverty: The economics and politics of funding at the office of economic opportunity. Research Paper.11/22/2013, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan. 2013.
  • Aghion, Philippe, Dewatripont, Mathias, Hoxby, Caroline, Mas-Colell, Andreu, Sapir, Andre. The governance and performance of universities: Evidence from Europe and the U.S.. Economic Policy.25, (61), 7-59.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1468-0327.2009.00238.x (DOI)
  • Hooks, Gregory, McQueen, Brian. American exceptionalism revisited: The military-industrial complex, racial tension, and the underdeveloped welfare state. American Sociological Review.75, (2), 185-204.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0003122410363566 (DOI)
  • Pisapia, Michael Callaghan. Public Education and the Role of Women in American Political Development, 1852-1979. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin - Madison. 2010.
  • Aghion, Philippe, Boustan, Leah, Hoxby, Caroline, Vandenussche, Jerome. The causal impact of education on economic growth: Evidence from the United States. Brookings Paper on Economic Activity.Cambridge, MA: Harvard University. 2009.
  • Finocchiaro, Charles J., Jenkins, Jeffery A.. In search of killer amendments in the modern U.S. House. Legislative Studies Quarterly.33, (2), 263-294.2008.
    • ID: 10.3162/036298008784310984 (DOI)
  • Lebo, Matthew J., McGlynn, Adam J., Koger, Gregory. Strategic party government: Party influence in congress, 1789-2000. American Journal of Political Science.51, (3), 464-481.2007.
  • Epstein, Lee, Lindstadt, Rene, Segal, Jeffrey A., Westerland, Chad. The changing dynamics of Senate voting on Supreme Court nominees. Journal of Politics.68, (2), 296-307.2006.
  • Roberts, Jason M.. Minority rights and majority power: Conditional party government and the motion to recommit in the house. Legislative Studies Quarterly.30, (2), 219-234.2005.
  • Burden, Barry C., Frisby, Tammy M.. Preferences, partisanship, and whip activity in the U.S. House of Representatives. Legislative Studies Quarterly.29, (4), 569-590.2004.
  • Lee, David S., Moretti, Enrico, Butler, Matthew J.. Do voters affect or elect policies? Evidence from the U.S. House. Quarterly Journal of Economics.119, (3), 807-859.2004.
  • Wood, B. Dan, Bohte, John. Transaction costs and the politics of administrative design. Journal of Politics.66, (1), 176-202.2004.
  • Snyder, James M. Jr., Ting, Michael M.. Roll calls, party labels, and elections. Political Analysis.11, (4), 419-444.2003.
  • Leighton, Wayne A., Lopez, Edward J.. Committee assignments and the cost of party loyalty. Political Research Quarterly.55, (1), 59-90.2002.
  • Berard, Stanley P.. Southern Democrats in the U.S. House of Representatives. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. 2001.
  • Martin, Andrew D.. Congressional decision making and the separation of powers. American Political Science Review.95, (2), 361-378.2001.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0003055401002180 (DOI)
  • Wawro, Gregory. A panel probit analysis of campaign contributions and roll-call votes. American Journal of Political Science.45, (3), 563-579.2001.
  • Amenta, Edwin, Halfmann, Drew. Wage wars: Institutional politics, WPA wages, and the struggle for U.S. social policy. American Sociological Review.65, (4), 506-528.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2657380 (URL)
  • Rothenberg, Lawrence S., Sanders, Mitchell S.. Severing the electoral connection: Shirking in the contemporary congress. American Journal of Political Science.44, (2), 316-325.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2669313 (URL)
  • Smith, Troy E.. Presidential power vs. congressional time: Legislative history in the first Congress of the Civil War. Congress and the Presidency.27, (2), 149-162.2000.
    • ID: 10.1080/07343460009507767 (DOI)
  • Snyder, James M., Jr., Groseclose, Tim. Estimating party influence in congressional roll-call voting. American Journal of Political Science.44, (2), 193-211.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2669305 (URL)
  • Cronin, Patrick, Fordham, Benjamin O.. Timeless principles or today's fashion? Testing the stability of the linkage between ideology and foreign policy in the Senate. Journal of Politics.61, (4), 967-998.1999.
  • Fastnow, Chris, Grant, J. Tobin, Rudolph, Thomas J.. Holy Roll Calls: Religious Tradition and Voting Behavior in the U.S. House. Social Science Quarterly.80, (4), 687-701.1999.
  • Forgette, Richard, Sala, Brian R.. Conditional party government and member turnout on Senate recorded votes, 1873-1935. Journal of Politics.61, (2), 467-484.1999.
  • Gerring, John. Does party ideology matter? A roll-call analysis of key congressional votes, 1833-1992. Journal of Policy History.11, (4), 399-432.1999.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0898030600003390 (DOI)
  • Gill, Jeff, Thurber, James A.. Congressional tightwads and spendthrifts: Measuring fiscal behavior in the changing House of Representatives. Political Research Quarterly.52, (2), 387-402.1999.
  • Jenkins, Jeffery A.. Examining the bonding effects of party: A comparative analysis of roll-call voting in the U.S. and Confederate houses. American Journal of Political Science.43, (4), 1144-1165.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2991821 (URL)
  • Pinney, Neil, Serra, George. The Congressional Black Caucus and vote cohesion: Placing the Caucus within House voting patterns. Political Research Quarterly.52, (3), 583-608.1999.
  • Lockerbie, Brad, Borrelli, Stephen, Hedger, Scott. An integrative approach to modeling presidential success in Congress. Political Research Quarterly.51, (1), 155-172.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/448834 (URL)
  • Volden, Craig. Sophisticated voting in supermajoritarian settings. Journal of Politics.60, (1), 149-173.1998.
  • Wittkopf, Eugene R., McCormick, James M.. Congress, the president, and the end of the cold war. Journal of Conflict Resolution.42, (4), 440-466.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002798042004003 (DOI)
  • Adams, Greg D.. Abortion: Evidence of an Issue Evolution. American Journal of Political Science.41, (3), 718-737.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111673 (URL)
  • Clucas, Richard A.. Party contributions and influence of campaign committee chairs on roll-call voting. Legislative Studies Quarterly.22, (2), 179-194.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/440381 (URL)
  • Coleman, John J.. The decline and resurgence of congressional party conflict. Journal of Politics.59, (1), 165-184.1997.
  • Holian, David B., Krebs, Timothy B., Walsh, Michael H.. Constituency opinion, Ross Perot, and roll-call behavior in the U.S. House: The case of the NAFTA. Legislative Studies Quarterly.22, (3), 369-392.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/440321 (URL)
  • Matthews, Stephen, Ribar, David, Wilhelm, Mark. The effects of economic conditions and access to reproductive health services on state abortion rates and birthrates. Family Planning Perspectives.29, (2), 52-60.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2953362 (URL)
  • McCormick, James M., Wittkopf, Eugene R., Danna, David M.. Politics and bipartisanship at the water's edge: a note on Bush and Clinton. Polity.30, (1), 133 -1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3235323 (URL)
  • Sanders, Francine. Civil rights roll-call voting in the House of Representatives, 1957-1991: A systematic analysis. Political Research Quarterly.50, (3), 483-502.1997.
  • Weingast, Barry R., Goldstein, Judith, Bailey, Michael A.. The institutional roots of American trade policy: Politics, coalitions, and international trade. World Politics.49, (3), 309-338.1997.
    • ID: 10.1353/wp.1997.0007 (DOI)
  • Binder, Sarah A.. The partisan basis of procedural choice: Allocating parliamentary rights in the House, 1789-1990. American Political Science Review.90, (1), 8 -1996.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2082794 (URL)
  • Foley, Michael, Owens, John E.. Congress and the Presidency: Institutional Politics in a Separated System. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 1996.
  • Binder, Sarah A.. Partisanship and procedural choice: Institutional change in the early Congress, 1789-1823. Journal of Politics.57, (4), 1093-1118.1995.
  • Covington, Cary R., Wrighton, J. Mark, Kinney, Rhonda. A 'presidency-augmented' model of presidential success on House roll call votes. American Journal of Political Science.39, (4), 1001-1024.1995.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111667 (URL)
  • Figlio, David N.. The effect of retirement on political shirking: Evidence from congressoinal voting. Public Finance Quarterly.23, (2), 226 -1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/109114219502300206 (DOI)
  • Gile, Roxanne L., Jones, Charles E.. Congressional racial solidarity: Exploring Congressional Black Caucus voting cohesion 1971-1990. Journal of Black Studies.25, (5), 622-641.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/002193479502500507 (DOI)
  • Maltzman, Forrest. Meeting Competing Demands: Committee Performance in the Postreform House. American Journal of Political Science.39, (3), 653-682.1995.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111649 (URL)
  • Calvert, Randall L., Fenno, Richard F., Jr.. Strategy and sophisticated voting in the Senate. Journal of Politics.56, (2), 349-376.1994.
  • Fett, Patrick J.. Presidential legislative priorities and legislators' voting decisions: An exploratory analysis. Journal of Politics.56, (2), 502-512.1994.
  • Aldrich, John H., Grant, Ruth W.. The Antifederalists, the first Congress, and the first parties. Journal of Politics.55, (2), 295-326.1993.
  • Fleisher, Richard. Explaining the change in roll-call voting behavior of Southern Democrats. Journal of Politics.55, (2), 327-341.1993.
  • Fleisher, Richard. PAC contributions and congressional voting on national defense. Legislative Studies Quarterly.18, (3), 391-409.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/439832 (URL)
  • Katznelson, Ira, Geiger, Kim, Kryder, Daniel. Limiting liberalism: The Southern veto in Congress, 1933-1950. Political Science Quarterly.108, (2), 283-306.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2152013 (URL)
  • McDonagh, Eileen Lorenzi. Constituency influence on House roll-call votes in the Progressive era, 1913-1915. Legislative Studies Quarterly.18, (2), 185-210.1993.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/439990 (URL)
  • Meernik, James. Presidential support in Congress: Conflict and consensus on foreign and defense policy. Journal of Politics.55, (3), 569-587.1993.
  • Allen, Howard W., Slagter, Robert. Congress in Crisis: Changes in Personnel and the Legislative Agenda in the U.S. Congress in the 1890s. Social Science History.16, (3), 401-420.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1171389 (URL)
  • Collie, Melissa P., Roberts, Brian E.. Trading places: Choice and committee chairs in the U.S. Senate, 1950-1986. Journal of Politics.54, (1), 231-245.1992.
  • Grofman, Bernard, Griffin, Robert, Glazer, Amihai. The effect of black population on electing Democrats and Liberals to the House of Representatives. Legislative Studies Quarterly.17, (3), 365-379.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/439735 (URL)
  • Platt, Glenn, Poole, Keith T., Rosenthal, Howard. Directional and Euclidean theories of voting behavior: A legislative comparison. Legislative Studies Quarterly.17, (4), 561-572.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/439866 (URL)
  • Trubowitz, Peter. Sectionalism and American Foreign Policy: The Political Geography of Consensus and Conflict. International Studies Quarterly.36, (2), 173-190.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2600880 (URL)
  • Cohen, Linda R., Noll, Roger G.. How to vote, whether to vote: Strategies for voting and abstaining on congressional roll calls. Political Behavior.13, (2), 97-127.1991.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00992292 (DOI)
  • Cox, Gary W., McCubbins, Matthew D.. On the decline of party voting in Congress. Legislative Studies Quarterly.16, (4), 547-570.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/440017 (URL)
  • Lindsay, James M.. Testing the parochial hypothesis: Congress and the Strategic Defense Initiative. Journal of Politics.53, (3), 860-876.1991.
  • Monroe, Pamela A., Garand, James C.. Parental leave legislation in the U.S. Senate: Toward a model of roll-call voting. Family Relations.40, (2), 208-217.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/585484 (URL)
  • Poole, Keith T., Rosenthal, Howard. Patterns of congressional voting. American Journal of Political Science.35, (1), 228-278.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111445 (URL)
  • Rohde, David W.. Parties and Leaders in the Postreform House. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1991.
  • Thomas, Martin. Issue avoidance: Evidence from the U.S. Senate. Political Behavior.13, (1), 1-20.1991.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF00996996 (DOI)
  • Whitby, Kenny J., Gilliam, Franklin D., Jr.. A longitudinal analysis of competing explanations for the transformation of Southern congressional politics. Journal of Politics.53, (2), 504-518.1991.
  • Wilcox, Clyde, Clausen, Aage. The dimensionality of roll-call voting reconsidered. Legislative Studies Quarterly.16, (3), 393-406.1991.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/440104 (URL)
  • Cameron, Charles M., Cover, Albert D., Segal, Jeffrey A.. Senate voting on Supreme Court nominees: A neoinstitutional model. American Political Science Review.84, (2), 525-534.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1963533 (URL)
  • Hall, Richard L., Grofman, Bernard. The committee assignment process and the conditional nature of committee bias. American Political Science Review.84, (4), 1149-1166.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1963257 (URL)
  • Hibbing, John R., Thomas, Sue. The modern United States Senate: What is accorded respect. Journal of Politics.52, (1), 123-145.1990.
  • Krehbiel, Keith, Rivers, Douglas. Sophisticated voting in Congress: A reconsideration. Journal of Politics.52, (2), 548-578.1990.
  • McCormick, James M., Wittkopf, Eugene R.. Bipartisanship, partisanship, and ideology in congressional-executive foreign policy relations, 1947-1988. Journal of Politics.52, (4), 1077-1100.1990.
  • Neustadtl, Alan. Interest-Group PACsmanship: An Analysis of Campaign Contributions, Issue Visibility, and Legislative Impact. Social Forces.69, (2), 549-564.1990.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2579673 (URL)
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Update Metadata: 2016-01-13 | Issue Number: 12 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research; Congressional Quarterly, Inc. (1984): United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records, 1789-1998. Archival Version. United States Congressional Roll Call Voting Records Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00004