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Referenda and Primary Election Materials

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
Creator
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Referenda and Primary Election Data [United States] Series
Publication Date
1984-06-19
Language
English
Free Keywords
congressional elections (US House); congressional elections (US Senate); congressional voting; constitutional amendments; counties; election returns; gubernatorial elections; nineteenth century; political history; primaries; referendum; senatorial elections; states (USA); twentieth century; voting behavior
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains election returns at the county and state levels from the mid-nineteenth century to the late twentieth century for primary and general elections on statewide referenda, constitutional amendments, state House/Senate joint resolutions, and initiated measures. The ballot language of each measure is also included. County-level returns for most gubernatorial, senatorial, and congressional primary elections from 1910 to the present are documented as well.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Referenda Elections for Connecticut, 1970-1990 (State 01)
    • DS2: Referenda Elections for Maine, 1967-1990 (State 02)
    • DS3: Referenda Elections for Massachusetts, 1968-1990 (State 03)
    • DS4: Referenda Elections for New Hampshire, 1968-1990 (State 04)
    • DS5: Referenda Elections for Rhode Island, 1968-1990 (State 05)
    • DS6: Referenda Elections for Vermont, 1976-1986 (State 06)
    • DS7: Referenda Elections for Delaware, 1976-1984 (State 11)
    • DS8: Referenda Elections for New Jersey, 1968-1990 (State 12)
    • DS9: Referenda Elections for New York, 1967-1990 (State 13)
    • DS10: Referenda Elections for Pennsylvania, 1967-1990 (State 14)
    • DS11: Referenda Elections for Illinois, 1968-1990 (State 21)
    • DS12: Referenda Elections for Indiana, 1968-1990 (State 22)
    • DS13: Referenda Elections for Michigan, 1968-1988 (State 23)
    • DS14: Referenda Elections for Ohio, 1967-1990 (State 24)
    • DS15: Referenda Elections for Wisconsin, 1967-1990 (State 25)
    • DS16: Referenda Elections for Iowa, 1968-1990 (State 31)
    • DS17: Referenda Elections for Kansas, 1968-1990 (State 32)
    • DS18: Referenda Elections for Minnesota, 1968-1990 (State 33)
    • DS19: Referenda Elections for Missouri, 1968-1990 (State 34)
    • DS20: Referenda Elections for Nebraska, 1860-1990 (State 35)
    • DS21: Referenda Elections for North Dakota, 1968-1990 (State 36)
    • DS22: Referenda Elections for South Dakota, 1968-1990 (State 37)
    • DS23: Referenda Elections for Alabama, 1968-1990 (State 41)
    • DS24: Referenda Elections for Arkansas, 1968-1990 (State 42)
    • DS25: Referenda Elections for Florida, 1968-1990 (State 43)
    • DS26: Referenda Elections for Georgia, 1968-1990 (State 44)
    • DS27: Referenda Elections for Louisiana, 1968-1990 (State 45)
    • DS28: Referenda Elections for Mississippi, 1968-1990 (State 46)
    • DS29: Referenda Elections for North Carolina, 1968-1990 (State 47)
    • DS30: Referenda Elections for South Carolina, 1968-1990 (State 48)
    • DS31: Referenda Elections for Texas, 1968-1990 (State 49)
    • DS32: Referenda Elections for Virginia, 1968-1990 (State 40)
    • DS33: Referenda Elections for Kentucky, 1970-1990 (State 51)
    • DS34: Referenda Elections for Maryland, 1968-1990 (State 52)
    • DS35: Referenda Elections for Oklahoma, 1968-1990 (State 53)
    • DS36: Referenda Elections for Tennessee, 1968-1982 (State 54)
    • DS37: Referenda Elections for West Virginia, 1968-1990 (State 56)
    • DS38: Referenda Elections for Arizona, 1968-1990 (State 61)
    • DS39: Referenda Elections for Colorado, 1968-1990 (State 62)
    • DS40: Referenda Elections for Idaho, 1968-1990 (State 63)
    • DS41: Referenda Elections for Montana, 1968-1990 (State 64)
    • DS42: Referenda Elections for Nevada, 1968-1990 (State 65)
    • DS43: Referenda Elections for New Mexico, 1968-1990 (State 66)
    • DS44: Referenda Elections for Utah, 1968-1990 (State 67)
    • DS45: Referenda Elections for Wyoming, 1968-1990 (State 68)
    • DS46: Referenda Elections for California, 1968-1990 (State 71)
    • DS47: Referenda Elections for Oregon, 1968-1990 (State 72)
    • DS48: Referenda Elections for Washington, 1968-1990 (State 73)
    • DS49: Referenda Elections for Alaska, 1968-1990 (State 81)
    • DS50: Referenda Elections for Hawaii, 1968-1990 (State 82)
    • DS51: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Connecticut, 1970-1990 (State 01)
    • DS52: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Maine, 1967-1990 (State 02)
    • DS53: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Massachusetts, 1968-1990 (State 03)
    • DS54: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for New Hampshire, 1968-1990 (State 04)
    • DS55: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Rhode Island, 1968-1990 (State 05)
    • DS56: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Vermont, 1976-1986 (State 06)
    • DS57: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Delaware, 1976-1984 (State 11)
    • DS58: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for New Jersey, 1968-1990 (State 12)
    • DS59: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for New York, 1967-1990 (State 13)
    • DS60: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Pennsylvania, 1967-1990 (State 14)
    • DS61: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Illinois, 1968-1990 (State 21)
    • DS62: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Indiana, 1968-1990 (State 22)
    • DS63: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Michigan, 1968-1988 (State 23)
    • DS64: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Ohio, 1967-1990 (State 24)
    • DS65: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Wisconsin, 1967-1990 (State 25)
    • DS66: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Iowa, 1968-1990 (State 31)
    • DS67: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Kansas, 1968-1990 (State 32)
    • DS68: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Minnesota, 1968-1990 (State 33)
    • DS69: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Missouri, 1968-1990 (State 34)
    • DS70: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Nebraska, 1860-1990 (State 35)
    • DS71: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for North Dakota, 1968-1990 (State 36)
    • DS72: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for South Dakota, 1968-1990 (State 37)
    • DS73: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Alabama, 1968-1990 (State 41)
    • DS74: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Arkansas, 1968-1990 (State 42)
    • DS75: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Florida, 1968-1990 (State 43)
    • DS76: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Georgia, 1968-1990 (State 44)
    • DS77: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Louisiana, 1968-1990 (State 45)
    • DS78: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Mississippi, 1968-1990 (State 46)
    • DS79: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for North Carolina, 1968-1990 (State 47)
    • DS80: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for South Carolina, 1968-1990 (State 48)
    • DS81: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Texas, 1968-1990 (State 49)
    • DS82: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Virginia, 1968-1990 (State 40)
    • DS83: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Kentucky, 1970-1990 (State 51)
    • DS84: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Maryland, 1968-1990 (State 52)
    • DS85: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Oklahoma, 1968-1990 (State 53)
    • DS86: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Tennessee, 1968-1982 (State 54)
    • DS87: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for West Virginia, 1968-1990 (State 56)
    • DS88: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Arizona, 1968-1990 (State 61)
    • DS89: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Colorado, 1968-1990 (State 62)
    • DS90: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Idaho, 1968-1990 (State 63)
    • DS91: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Montana, 1968-1990 (State 64)
    • DS92: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Nevada, 1968-1990 (State 65)
    • DS93: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for New Mexico, 1968-1990 (State 66)
    • DS94: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Utah, 1968-1990 (State 67)
    • DS95: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Wyoming, 1968-1990 (State 68)
    • DS96: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for California, 1968-1990 (State 71)
    • DS97: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Oregon, 1968-1990 (State 72)
    • DS98: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Washington, 1968-1990 (State 73)
    • DS99: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Alaska, 1968-1990 (State 81)
    • DS100: SAS Data Definition Statements for Referenda Elections for Hawaii, 1968-1990 (State 82)
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming
Collection Mode
  • Most of the information for this collection is available ONLY in typed and photocopied form. The exception is statewide referenda data from 1968 to 1990, which ICPSR has converted into machine-readable form. Included in this portion of the collection are the county vote breakdowns for approximately 4,241 referenda voted upon in primary and general elections throughout the United States. A typed hardcopy codebook accompanies each state file. The primary election data are NOT available in machine-readable form. It is possible to supply, on a cost basis, limited portions of the referenda and primary election returns that are not machine-readable in the form of photocopies.

Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 6 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR00006.v1
Publications
  • McDonagh, Eileen Lorenzi. Representative democracy and state building in the Progressive Era. American Political Science Review.86, (4), 938-950.1992.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1964346 (URL)
  • McDonagh, Eileen L., Price, H. Douglas. Woman suffrage in the Progressive Era: Patterns of opposition and support in referenda voting, 1910-1918. American Political Science Review.79, (2), 415-435.1985.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1956657 (URL)

Update Metadata: 2016-01-13 | Issue Number: 7 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (1984): Referenda and Primary Election Materials. Archival Version. Referenda and Primary Election Data [United States] Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00006