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Censuses of Religious Bodies, 1906-1936

Resource Type
Dataset : census data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
census data; church membership; counties; religion; religious denominations; religious organizations; states(USA)
  • Abstract

    This data collection provides county- and state-level information on the number of members of a variety of religious organizations and groups in the United States between 1906 and 1936. The variables in this collection provide the names of these groups and organizations, which include the Advent Christian Church, Southern and National Convention Baptist churches, Buddhist (Japanese) temples, Evangelical Association, Jewish congregations, Greek Orthodox Church, Mennonite Church, Friends Church, Pentecostal Church of the Nazarene, Polish National Church, Roman Catholic Church, Salvation Army, Seventh Day Adventist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Russian Eastern Orthodox Church, Mennonite General Conference, Hungarian Reformed Church, Unitarian Church, Negro Baptist Church, and Evangelical Church.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1906 / 1936
    Time period: 1906--1936
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Religious bodies in the United States in 1906, 1916, 1926, and 1936.
Collection Mode
  • The data map is provided as an ASCII text file, and the codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 8 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR00008.v1
  • Bailey, Amy Kate, Snedker, Karen A.. Practicing what they preach? Lynching and religion in the American South, 1980-1929. American Journal of Sociology.117, (3), 844-887.2011.
    • ID: 10.1086/661985 (DOI)
  • Koçak, Özgecan, Carroll, Glenn R.. Growing church organizations in diverse U.S. communities, 1890–1926. American Journal of Sociology.113, (5), 1272-1315.2008.
    • ID: 10.1086/525507 (DOI)
  • Paskoff, Paul F.. Measures of war: A quantitative examination of the Civil War's destructiveness in the Confederacy. Civil War History.54, (1), 35-62.2008.
    • ID: 10.1353/cwh.2008.0007 (DOI)
  • Price-Spratlen, Townsand. Urban destination selection among African Americans during the 1950s Great Migration. Social Science History.32, (3), 437-470.2008.
    • ID: 10.1215/01455532-2008-005 (DOI)
  • Dehejia, Rajeev, Lleras-Muney, Adriana. Financial development and pathways of growth: State branching and deposit insurance laws in the United States, 1900–1940. Journal of Law and Economics.50, (2), 239-272.2007.
    • ID: 10.1086/511322 (DOI)
  • Dehejia, Rajeev, Lleras-Muney, Adriana. Why Does Financial Development Matter? The United States from 1900 to 1940. NBER Working Paper Series.9551, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2003.
  • Fishback, Price V., Horrace, William C., Kantor, Shawn. The Impact of New Deal Expenditures on Local Economic Activity: An Examination of Retail Sales, 1929-1939. NBER Working Paper Series.8108, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2001.
  • Gutmann, Myron P., Pullum, Sara M.. From local to national political cultures: Social capital and civic organization in the Great Plains. Journal of Interdisciplinary History.24, (4), 725-762.1999.
    • ID: 10.1162/002219599551877 (DOI)
  • Werum, Regina E.. Tug-of-war: Political mobilization and access to schooling in the southern racial state. Sociology of Education.72, (2), 89-110.1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Tolnay, Stewart E.. The spatial diffusion of fertility: A cross-sectional analysis of counties in the American South, 1940. American Sociological Review.60, (2), 299 -1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Land, Kenneth C., Deane, Glenn, Blau, Judith R.. Religious Pluralism and Church Membership: A Spatial Diffusion Model. American Sociological Review.56, (2), 237-249.1991.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Walters, Pamela Barnhouse, McCammon, Holly J., James, David R.. Schooling or Working? Public Education, Racial Politics, and the Organization of Production in 1910. Sociology of Education.63, (1), 1-26.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • McDonagh, Eileen L., Price, H. Douglas. Woman suffrage in the Progressive Era: Patterns of opposition and support in referenda voting, 1910-1918. American Political Science Review.79, (2), 415-435.1985.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2016-01-13 | Issue Number: 7 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1984): Censuses of Religious Bodies, 1906-1936. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.