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Demographic Characteristics of the Population of the United States, 1930-1950: County-Level

Resource Type
Dataset : census data, and aggregate data
  • Gardner, John (University of Chicago. Center for Urban Studies)
  • Cohen, William (University of Chicago. Center for Urban Studies)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare
  • United States Social Security Administration
  • United States Department of Commerce. Economic Development Administration
Free Keywords
African Americans; birth rates; counties; demographic characteristics; ethnic groups; internal migration; mortality rates; population dynamics; population migration
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains county-level information on total number of population and internal migration in the United States from 1930 to 1950. Demographic information is provided on race, age, and sex for the counties. There are variables that provide information by age group on the number of native-born white males and females, foreign-born white males and females, Black males and females, and males and females of other nationalities such as Indians, Japanese, and Chinese. For 1930 and 1940, the population is tabulated in five-year intervals until age 34 and in ten-year intervals thereafter. For 1950, the numbers of whites and non-whites are given by sex and age in five-year intervals. Additional variables provide information by age group on net migration of white males and females, and on Black males and females. Other variables give information on births and deaths.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1930 / 1950
    Time period: 1930--1950
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
A total of 3,111 counties, plus a few aggregated spatial units, in the 50 states of the United States.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 20 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR00020.v1
  • Chatterjee, Boishampayan. Did suburbanization cause residential segregation? Evidence from U.S. metropolitan areas. . 2012.
    • ID: 10.2139/ssrn.2250579 (DOI)
  • Price-Spratlen, Townsand. Urban destination selection among African Americans during the 1950s Great Migration. Social Science History.32, (3), 437-470.2008.
    • ID: 10.1215/01455532-2008-005 (DOI)
  • Fishback, Price V., Haines, Michael R., Kantor, Shawn. Births, deaths, and New Deal relief during the Great Depression. Review of Economics and Statistics.89, (1), 1-14.2007.
    • ID: 10.1162/rest.89.1.1 (DOI)
  • Fishback, Price V., Horrace, William C., Kantor, Shawn. Do Federal Programs Affect Internal Migration? The Impact of New Deal Expenditures on Mobility During the Great Depression. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona. 2005.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Thomasson, Melissa A.. From Home to Hospital: The Evolution of Childbirth in the United States, 1927-1940. NBER Working Paper Series.10873, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2004.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Fishback, Price V., Horrace, William C., Kantor, Shawn. The Impact of New Deal Expenditures on Local Economic Activity: An Examination of Retail Sales, 1929-1939. NBER Working Paper Series.8108, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2001.
  • Price-Spratlen, Townsand. Between Depression and Prosperity? Changes in the Community Context of Historical African American Migration. Social Forces.77, (2), 515-539.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Tolnay, Stewart E.. The spatial diffusion of fertility: A cross-sectional analysis of counties in the American South, 1940. American Sociological Review.60, (2), 299 -1995.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Tolnay, Stewart E., Glynn, Patricia J.. The Persistence of high fertility in the American South on the eve of the baby boom. Demography.31, (4), 615-631.1994.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Tobey, Ronald, Wetherell, Charles, Brigham, Jay. Moving Out and Settling In: Residential Mobility, Home Owning, and the Public Enframing of Citizenship, 1921-1950. American Historical Review.95, (5), 1395-1422.1990.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Fischer, Claude S., Carroll, Glenn R.. Telephone and Automobile Diffusion in the United States, 1902-1937. American Journal of Sociology.93, (5), 1153-1178.1988.
    • ID: 10.1086/228867 (DOI)
  • Meyer, Judith W.. A regional scale temporal analysis of the net migration patterns of elderly persons over time. Journal of Gerontology.42, (4), 366-375.1987.
  • Modell, John, Hareven, Tamara K.. Urbanization and the Malleable Household: An Examination of Boarding and Lodging in American Families. Journal of Marriage and Family.35, (3), 467-479.1973.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Gardner, John; Cohen, William (1984): Demographic Characteristics of the Population of the United States, 1930-1950: County-Level. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.