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Comparative Study of Community Decision-Making

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data, survey data
  • Clark, Terry N.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
cities; communities; community decision making; community elites; community leaders; community participation; leadership; local politics; municipalities; political influence; public policy
  • Abstract

    This study contains data for 51 communities with populations of 50,000-750,000 in 22 states of the United States on the characteristics of community leadership, decision-making, and patterns of influence, as well as political, economic, and demographic composition of the communities and per capita expenditures for various common community functions. Information regarding general political and public policy issues, specific municipal problems, and their solutions was obtained from interviews with eight prominent individuals in each city, such as the Chamber of Commerce president, a labor leader, a leading newspaper editor or publisher, the chairmen of the Democratic and Republican parties, the president of the largest bank, and the mayor. Data are also provided on the characteristics of the cities, including composite indexes created from the interview data as well as data from other sources. The study is composed of three files: a Merged Aggregate and Individual file (Part 1), an Aggregate file (Part 2), and an Individual file (Part 3). The Merged Aggregate and Individual file (Part 1) contains the responses of the individuals interviewed and information on the characteristics of each respondent's city from other sources. Items include education, health, culture, welfare, and total expenditures of the city. The Aggregate file (Part 2) contains information on the population characteristics of each city, as well as information on the structure, income, and expenditures of the city government. Demographic indices describe age and income distribution of the population, racial composition, level of educational attainment, and the size, income and occupational distribution of the labor force. The Individual file (Part 3) provides information received from respondents on decision-making pertaining to issues of urban renewal, mayoral elections, air pollution control, race relations, health, education, industrial and economic development, and anti-poverty programs.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Merged Aggregate and Individual
    • DS2: Aggregate
    • DS3: Individual
    • DS4: Codebook for All Parts
Geographic Coverage
  • Akron
  • Alabama
  • Albany (New York)
  • Amarillo
  • Arizona
  • Atlanta
  • Berkeley
  • Birmingham
  • Bloomington
  • Boston
  • Buffalo
  • California
  • Cambridge
  • Charlotte
  • Clifton
  • Connecticut
  • Duluth
  • Euclid
  • Florida
  • Fort Worth
  • Fullerton
  • Gary
  • Georgia
  • Hamilton
  • Hammond
  • Indiana
  • Indianapolis
  • Irvington
  • Jacksonville
  • Long Beach
  • Malden
  • Manchester
  • Massachusetts
  • Memphis
  • Michigan
  • Milwaukee
  • Minneapolis
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York (state)
  • Newark
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Palo Alto
  • Pasadena
  • Pennsylvania
  • Phoenix
  • Pittsburgh
  • Salt Lake City
  • San Francisco
  • San Jose
  • Santa Ana
  • Santa Monica
  • Schenectady
  • Seattle
  • South Bend
  • St. Louis
  • St. Paul
  • St. Petersburg
  • Tampa
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Tyler
  • United States
  • Utah
  • Utica
  • Waco
  • Warren
  • Washington (state)
  • Waterbury
  • Waukegan
  • Wisconsin
A total of 51 communities with populations of 50,000-750,000 in 22 states of the United States.
Collection Mode
  • The data map is provided as an ASCII text file, and the codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 4 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 25 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Martin, Leslie E.. This Land Is Your Land: Explaining Successful Opposition to Urban Renewal Projects. Society for the Study of Social Problems. 2001.
  • Hajnal, Zoltan L., Clark, Terry Nichols. The Local Interest-Group System: Who Governs and Why?. Social Science Quarterly.79, (1), 227-241.1998.
  • Lyon, Larry, Felice, Lawrence G., Perryman, M. Ray E., Parker, Stephen. Community Power and Population Increase: An Empirical Test of the Growth Machine Model. American Journal of Sociology.86, (6), 1387-1400.1981.
    • ID: 10.1086/227389 (DOI)
  • Schumaker, Paul D., Getter, Russell W.. Responsiveness Bias in 51 American Communities. American Journal of Political Science.21, (2), 247-281.1977.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Clark, Terry N.. Citizen values, poser, and policy outputs: A model of community decision-making. Journal of Comparative Administration.4, (4), 385-427.1973.
    • ID: 10.1177/009539977300400402 (DOI)
  • Clark, Terry N.. Structural-functionalism, exchange theory, and the new political economy: Institutionalization as a theoretical linkage. Sociological Inquiry.42, (3-4), 275-298.1972.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-682X.1972.tb00240.x (DOI)
  • Clark, Terry N.. The structure of community influence. People and Politics in Urban Society.Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. 1972.
  • Clark, Terry N.. Urban typologies and political outputs. City Classification Handbook: Methods and Applications.New York: Wiley-Interscience. 1972.
  • Clark, Terry N.. Community structures, decision-making, budgetary expenditures and urban renewal in 51 American communities. Community Politics: A Behavioral Approach.New York: Free Press. 1971.
  • Clark, Terry N.. Community structure, decision-making, budget expenditures, and urban renewal in 51 American communities. American Sociological Review.33, (4), 576-593.1968.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rossi, Peter H., Crain, Robert. The NORC Permanent Community Sample. Public Opinion Quarterly.32, (2), 261-272.1968.
    • ID: 10.1086/267603 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Clark, Terry N. (1984): Comparative Study of Community Decision-Making. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.