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Governmental Units Analysis Data

Resource Type
Dataset : census data, aggregate data, and administrative records data
  • Aiken, Michael
  • Alford, Robert
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
cities; demographic characteristics; education; elementary school children; government expenditures; government programs; housing; housing needs; housing programs; income; labor force; local elections; local government; manufacturing industry; migrants; Model Cities Programs; occupations; population characteristics; population density; poverty; public housing; slums; suburbs; unemployment; urban areas; urban renewal; white collar workers
  • Abstract

    This data collection provides information on the demographic, social, economic, political, and civil characteristics of selected municipalities with populations of 25,000 or more in the United States during the 1960s. Information is provided on population characteristics, such as the number of native-born persons residing in the state of birth, percentage of persons aged 5 years and older who were migrants, percentages in 1962 of non-white, foreign-born, and native-born populations of foreign or racially mixed parentage, median school years completed by those aged 25 years and older, percentage of elementary school children in private school, median income of families, number of full-time city employees per 1,000 population, percentage of civilian labor force that was unemployed in 1960, percentage of employed persons in white-collar occupations and in manufacturing industries, and percentage of the employed civilian labor force that was professional and that were managers, officials, and proprietors. Other variables provide information on city characteristics, such as the age of the city, the presence of dormitory city, balanced city, central city, independent city, and the suburbs, the density of population per square mile, the employment-residence ratio, the presence or absence of application for the Model Cities Program, and the number of applications for, and whether the city was a winner of, the All-American City award between 1952 and 1967. Further variables detail information on the city housing situation, such as the number of dwelling units built in 1929 or earlier, the number of dilapidated dwellings, the presence or absence of a local housing authority and jurisdiction of local housing authority, participation in programs of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (Public Law 412), the presence or absence of a low-rent housing program and of slum clearance, and the number of low-rent housing units per 100,000 population. Additional variables give information on city politics, including the presence of mayor-council government, city-manager government, and nonpartisan elections, the number of city councilmen, the percentage of city council elected at large, the percentage of the county presidential vote for the Democratic party and for the Republican party in 1960, and the numbers of registered voters. Other items cover city services and programs, such as the presence or absence of poverty programs, the number of dollars per capita for poverty programs as of June 30, 1966, the presence or absence of urban renewal programs and their execution or completion as of June 30, 1966, the current per capita amount raised for Community Chest, and the presence or absence of action on fluoridation of city water. There are also variables that identify a subset of cities for urban renewal analysis, Community Chest analysis, analysis of fluoridation decisions, and analysis of decisions about public housing.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • Florida
  • Idaho
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • Montana
  • New Mexico
  • Oklahoma
  • South Carolina
  • United States
  • Wyoming
Sampled Universe
Municipalities with populations of 25,000 or more in the United States in the 1960s.
676 incorporated urban places with populations of 25,000 or more.
Collection Mode
  • The data map is provided as an ASCII text file, and the codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 28 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Welch, Susan. The impact of urban riots on urban expenditures. American Journal of Political Science.19, (4), 741-760.1975.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Alford, Robert R.. Critical evaluation of the principles of city classification. City Classification Handbook: Methods and Applications.New York: John Wiley. 1972.
  • Aiken, Michael, Alford, Robert R.. Community structure and community innovation. New Atlantis.1, 85-110.1970.
  • Aiken, Michael, Alford, Robert R.. Community structure and innovation: The case of public housing. American Political Science Review.64, (3), 843-864.1970.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Aiken, Michael, Alford, Robert R.. Community structure and innovation: The case of urban renewal. American Sociological Review.35, (4), 650-665.1970.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gordon, Daniel N.. Immigrants and municipal voting turnout: Implications for the changing ethnic impact on urban politics. American Sociological Review.35, (4), 665-681.1970.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Spilerman, Seymour. The causes of racial disturbances: A comparison of alternative explanations. American Sociological Review.35, (4), 627-649.1970.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Alford, Robert R., Lee, Eugene C.. Voting turnout in American cities. American Political Science Review.62, (3), 796-813.1968.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gordon, Daniel N.. Immigrants and urban governmental form in American cities, 1933-60. American Journal of Sociology.74, (2), 158-171.1968.
    • ID: 10.1086/224618 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Aiken, Michael; Alford, Robert (1984): Governmental Units Analysis Data. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.