Data Confrontation Seminar, 1969: Comparative Socio-Political Data

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data, census/enumeration data, and administrative records data
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
administrative divisions; agriculture; census data; crime rates; election returns; housing; industry; labor force; national elections; occupations; political parties; population characteristics; population migration; urbanization; voter attitudes
  • Abstract

    This study contains selected electoral and demographic national data for nine nations in the 1950s and 1960s. The data were prepared for the Data Confrontation Seminar on the Use of Ecological Data in Comparative Cross-National Research held under the auspices of the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research on April 1-18, 1969. One of the primary concerns of this international seminar was the need for cooperation in the development of data resources in order to facilitate exchange of data among individual scholars and research groups. Election returns for two or more national and/or local elections are provided for each of the nine nations, as well as ecological materials for at least two time points in the general period of the 1950s and 1960s. While each dataset was received at a single level of aggregation, the data have been further aggregated to at least a second level of aggregation. In most cases, the data can be supplied at the commune or municipality level and at the province or district level as well. Part 1 (Germany, Regierungsbezirke), Part 2 (Germany, Kreise), Part 3 (Germany, Lander), and Part 4 (Germany, Wahlkreise) contain data for all kreise, laender (states), administrative districts, and electoral districts for national elections in the period 1957-1969, and for state elections in the period 1946-1969, and ecological data from 1951 and 1961. Part 5 (France, Canton), and Part 6 (France, Departemente) contain data for the cantons and departements of two regions of France (West and Central) for the national elections of 1956, 1962, and 1967, and ecological data for the years 1954 and 1962. Data are provided for election returns for selected parties: Communist, Socialist, Radical, Federation de Gauche, and the Fifth Republic. Included are raw votes and percentage of total votes for each party. Ecological data provide information on total population, proportion of total population in rural areas, agriculture, industry, labor force, and middle class in 1954, as well as urbanization, crime rates, vital statistics, migration, housing, and the index of "comforts." Part 7 (Japan, Kanagawa Prefecture), Part 8 (Japan, House of Representatives Time Series), Part 9 (Japan, House of (Councilors (Time Series)), and Part 10 (Japan, Prefecture) contain data for the 46 prefectures for 15 national elections between 1949 and 1968, including data for all communities in the prefecture of Kanagawa for 13 national elections, returns for 8 House of Representatives' elections, 7 House of Councilors' elections, descriptive data from 4 national censuses, and ecological data for 1950, 1955, 1960, and 1965. Data are provided for total number of electorate, voters, valid votes, and votes cast by such groups as the Jiyu, Minshu, Kokkyo, Minji, Shakai, Kyosan, and Mushozoku for the Communist, Socialist, Conservative, Komei, and Independent parties for all the 46 prefectures. Population characteristics include age, sex, employment, marriage and divorce rates, total number of live births, deaths, households, suicides, Shintoists, Buddhists, and Christians, and labor union members, news media subscriptions, savings rate, and population density. Part 11 (India, Administrative Districts) and Part 12 (India, State) contain data for all administrative districts and all states and union territories for the national and state elections in 1952, 1957, 1962, 1965, and 1967, the 1958 legislative election, and ecological data from the national censuses of 1951 and 1961. Data are provided for total number of votes cast for the Congress, Communist, Jan Sangh, Kisan Mazdoor Praja, Socialist, Republican, Regional, and other parties, contesting candidates, electorate, valid votes, and the percentage of valid votes cast. Also included are votes cast for the Rightist, Christian Democratic, Center, Socialist, and Communist parties in the 1958 legislative election. Ecological data include total population, urban population, sex distribution, occupation, economically active population, education, literate population, and number of Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Jainis, Moslems, Sikhs, and other religious groups. Part 13 (Norway, Province), and Part 14 (Norway, Commune) consist of the returns for four national elections in 1949, 1953, 1957, and 1961, and descriptive data from two national censuses. Data are provided for the total number of registered voters, valid votes, raw votes cast for the Communist, Labor, Liberal, Agrarian, Conservative, Christian Peoples parties, and other parties, and the percentage of total votes cast for each party. Data are also provided for total population by gender and age, economically active population, number of church services registered, and number of communes within each province, as well as percentagized number of population economically active in select industries, dissenters, and total population attending church. Part 15 (Norway, Year 1965) contains returns for national elections in 1961 and 1965 for 466 communes created by administrative reorganization in 1961, and ecological data from the 1960 census. Data are provided for total votes cast for the parties, and the number of registered voters. Other items specify the type of commune, region code, television coverage code, and politicization, two-day election, and periphery indexes. Part 16 (Sweden, Constituency) and Part 17 (Sweden, Commune) contain data for all communes, provinces, and constituencies for Parliamentary elections in 1948, 1952, 1956, and 1960, and ecological data from two national censuses for 1950 and 1960. Data are provided for total electorate, number of votes cast, raw votes, and percentage of votes cast for the Conservative, Agrarian, Liberal, Social Democratic, Communist, and other parties. Data are also provided for total population by gender, population economically active, number of salaried employees, and wage earners. Part 18 (Denmark, County) and Part 19 (Denmark, Commune) consist of data for all communes and provinces for the national elections of 1947, 1950, 1953, 1960, 1964, and 1966, and ecological data from the censuses of 1950 and 1960. Data are provided for total number of electorates and raw votes for the Social Democratic, Radical Liberal, Conservative, Liberal, Single-tax, Communist, Danish, German Minority parties, and other parties. Data are also provided for total and percentagized population by age and gender, industrially active population, and urbanization. Part 20 (Netherlands, Municipalities) consists of data for all municipalities, provinces, and economic-geographic areas for national elections in 1959 and 1963, and ecological data for 1954 and 1962 for total population and industrially active population by gender and age, urbanization, occupation, education, and religion. Part 21 (Poland, Poviats), Part 22 (Poland, Electoral Districts), and Part 23 (Poland, Voievodships) consist of data for all poviats, voievodships, and electoral districts for national elections in 1952, 1957, 1961, and 1965, two council elections, and ecological data for 1950, 1960, and 1965. Data are provided for total population by gender and age distribution, occupation, investments, communication media, industrially active population, number of dwelling units, farms, pigs, cattle, physicians, and population growth ratio in urban and rural areas. Items also specify the number of staff, employees, and council members in local councils in 1965. See the related collection, DATA CONFRONTATION SEMINAR, 1969: UNITED STATES DATA (ICPSR 0005).
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Germany, Regierungsbezirke
    • DS2: Germany, Kreise
    • DS3: Germany, Lander
    • DS4: Germany, Wahlkreise
    • DS5: France, Canton
    • DS6: France, Departemente
    • DS7: Japan, Kanagawa Prefecture
    • DS8: Japan, House of Representatives Time Series
    • DS9: Japan, House of Councilors (Time Series)
    • DS10: Japan, Prefecture
    • DS11: India, Administrative District
    • DS12: India, State
    • DS13: Norway, Province
    • DS14: Norway, Commune
    • DS15: Norway, Year 1965
    • DS16: Sweden, Constituency
    • DS17: Sweden, Commune
    • DS18: Denmark, County
    • DS19: Denmark, Commune
    • DS20: Netherlands, Municipalities
    • DS21: Poland, Poviats
    • DS22: Poland, Electoral Districts
    • DS23: Poland, Voievodships
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1969
Geographic Coverage
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Germany
  • India
  • Japan
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Sweden
  • Global
Sampled Universe
Germany, France, Japan, India, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Netherlands, and Poland, in 1969.
Collection Mode
  • The data map is provided as an ASCII text file, and the codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 24 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 38 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR00038.v1
  • Waldman, Loren K.. Types and measures of inequality. Social Science Quarterly.58, (1), 121-128.1977.
  • Waldman, Loren K.. Measures of party system's properties: The number and size of parties. Political Methodology.3, (2), 199-214.1976.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15