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Norwegian Ecological Data, 1868-1903

Resource Type
Dataset : census data, and aggregate data
  • Aarebrot, Frank
  • Kuhnle, Stein
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
birth rates; census data; communes; education; education expenditures; emigration; election returns; elections; electoral census; enrollments; households; income distribution; mortality rates; nineteenth century; occupations; parliamentary elections; political attitudes; political participation; political parties; population; religious affiliation; school age children; taxes; teachers; transportation; unwed mothers; voters; voter turnout
  • Abstract

    This data collection provides economic, social, political, and demographic information on 431 communes (or electoral parishes) of Norway in the period 1868-1903. There are four parts to this collection. Part 1 contains information from the censuses of 1875, 1891, and 1900 and the electoral censuses of 1868 and 1876 on occupation, income distribution, taxation, age, household, total population by sex, place of birth, and religious affiliation, and information about political participation, such as the number of eligible voters, registered votes, and votes cast in the Storting (unicameral parliament) elections of 1868, 1870, 1873, 1876, 1879, 1882, 1885, 1888, 1891, 1894, 1897, 1900 and 1903. Part 2 provides information from the educational censuses of 1875 and 1885 on school enrollment, the number of male and female teachers, and school expenditures. Part 3 provides information on births, miscarriages, deaths, the number of live births from unwed mothers, the number of married couples, and the number of persons emigrating overseas and to the United States in 1868, 1875, 1891 to 1895, 1896 to 1900, and 1901 to 1905. Part 4 provides information on inter-communal communication and transportation, such as railways and steamships.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Part 1 Data
    • DS2: Part 2 Data
    • DS3: Part 3 Data
    • DS4: Part 4 Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1868 / 1903
    Time period: 1868--1903
Geographic Coverage
  • Europe
  • Norway
  • Global
Sampled Universe
Communes in Norway in the period 1868 to 1903.
Collection Mode
  • The data maps are provided as ASCII text files, and the codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 5 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 41 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Aarebrot, Frank; Kuhnle, Stein (1984): Norwegian Ecological Data, 1868-1903. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.