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German Weimar Republic Data, 1919-1933

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data, and census data
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
agriculture; Catholics; civil service; election returns; elections; industry; Jews; labor force; military; national elections; occupations; political parties; Protestants; religion; runoff elections; trade; transportation; urban population; voters; Weimar Republic; working women
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains electoral and demographic data at several levels of aggregation (kreis, land/regierungsberzirk, and wahlkreis) for Germany in the Weimar Republic period of 1919-1933. Two datasets are available. Part 1, 1919 Data, presents raw and percentagized election returns at the wahlkreis level for the 1919 election to the Nationalversammlung. Information is provided on the number and percentage of eligible voters and the total votes cast for parties such as the German National People's Party, German People's Party, Christian People's Party, German Democratic Party, Social Democratic Party, and Independent Social Democratic Party. Part 2, 1920-1933 Data, consists of returns for elections to the Reichstag, 1920-1933, and for the Reichsprasident elections of 1925 and 1932 (including runoff elections in each year), returns for two national referenda, held in 1926 and 1929, and data pertaining to urban population, religion, and occupations, taken from the German Census of 1925. This second dataset contains data at several levels of aggregation and is a merged file. Crosstemporal discrepancies, such as changes in the names of the geographical units and the disappearance of units, have been adjusted for whenever possible. Variables in this file provide information for the total number and percentage of eligible voters and votes cast for parties, including the German Nationalist People's Party, German People's Party, German Center Party, German Democratic Party, German Social Democratic Party, German Communist Party, Bavarian People's Party, Nationalist-Socialist German Workers' Party (Hitler's movement), German Middle Class Party, German Business and Labor Party, Conservative People's Party, and other parties. Data are also provided for the total number and percentage of votes cast in the Reichsprasident elections of 1925 and 1932 for candidates Jarres, Held, Ludendorff, Braun, Marx, Hellpach, Thalman, Hitler, Duesterburg, Von Hindenburg, Winter, and others. Additional variables provide information on occupations in the country, including the number of wage earners employed in agriculture, industry and manufacturing, trade and transportation, civil service, army and navy, clergy, public health, welfare, domestic and personal services, and unknown occupations. Other census data cover the total number of wage earners in the labor force and the number of female wage earners employed in all occupations. Also provided is the percentage of the total population living in towns with 5,000 inhabitants or more, and the number and percentage of the population who were Protestants, Catholics, and Jews.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1919
    • DS2: 1920-1933
Temporal Coverage
  • 1919 / 1933
    Time period: 1919--1933
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany
  • Global
Collection Mode
  • The data maps are provided as ASCII text files, and the codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

2005-12-22 File CB0042.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 42 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR00042.v1
  • Flint, Colin. The Theoretical and Methodological Utility of Space and Spatial Statistics for Historical Studies. Historical Methods.35, (1), 32-42.2002.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615440209603142 (DOI)
  • Oberwittler, Dietrich. From coding to decoding?; an analysis of historical social research in Germany in the 1980s and early 1990s. Historical Methods.30, (4), 182-196.1997.
    • ID: 10.1080/01615449709601185 (DOI)
  • Falter, Jurgen W., Zintl, Reinhard. The economic crisis of the 1930s and the Nazi vote. Journal of Interdisciplinary History.19, (1), 55-85.1988.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Brown, Courtney. The Nazi vote: A national ecological study. American Political Science Review.76, (2), 285-302.1982.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Falter, Jurgen W., Gruner, Wolf D.. Minor and Major flaws of a widely used data set: The ICPSR 'German Weimar Republic Data, 1919-1933' under scrutiny. Historical Social Research / Historische Sozialforschung.20, (1), 26-42.1981.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (1984): German Weimar Republic Data, 1919-1933. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.