German Reichstag Election Data, 1871-1912

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
Catholics; election returns; elections; German Reichstag; nineteenth century; parliamentary elections; political attitudes; political parties; population; Protestants; voters; voter turnout
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains electoral data at the wahlkreis and staat levels for the Reichstag elections of 1871, 1874, 1877, 1878, 1881, 1884, 1890, 1893, 1898, 1903, 1907, and 1912. The variables for each election provide information on the votes cast for parties, including the Conservative Party, the German Empire Party, the National-Liberals, the Liberal Empire Party, the People's Party, the Social Democrats, the Progress Party, the Catholic Center, the Particularists, the Poles Party, the Protest Party, the Antisemites, the Free-thinking People's Party, the German Reform Party, the Farmers' Union, the Peasants' Union, and splinter parties. Data are also provided on the total population in 1871 and every fifth year between 1875 and 1910, and the proportions of Protestants and of Catholics in the total population for 1871, 1875, 1880, 1885, 1890, 1905, and 1910. Additional variables provide information on the number of eligible voters, valid and invalid votes cast, and voter turnout.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1871-1884
    • DS2: 1887-1912
Temporal Coverage
  • 1871 / 1912
    Time period: 1871--1912
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany
  • Global
Sampled Universe
Administrative districts in Preussen and Bayern, Germany.
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 3 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 43 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR00043.v1
  • Claggett, William, Loesch, Jeffrey, Shively, W. Phillips, Snell, Ronald. Political Leadership and the Development of Political Cleavages: Imperial Germany, 1871-1912. American Journal of Political Science.26, (4), 643-663.1982.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Schroder, Wilhelm Heinz. Quantitative analyses of collective life histories: The case of the Social Democratic candidates for the German Reichstag 1898-1912. Historical Social Research: The Use of Historical and Process-Produced Data.Stuttgart: Ernst Klett. 1980.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15