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Southern Primary and General Election Data, 1920-1949

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
  • Heard, Alexander
  • Strong, Donald S.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
congressional elections (US Senate); election returns; elections; electoral systems; gubernatorial elections; political attitudes; political parties; primaries; referendum; state elections
  • Abstract

    These data were originally collected as part of a study of the electoral process in the South conducted by the Bureau of Public Administration at the University of Alabama. The collection contains county-level electoral returns for selected general and primary elections in 11 southern states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia) for the period 1920-1949. Data are provided for raw vote totals and selected percentages for candidates in gubernatorial, senatorial, and, occasionally, presidential elections. Information on these primary election returns was provided mostly for Democratic nominations, but some variables also provide information for a few Republican primaries. Additional information is provided for returns for selected referenda and poll tax payments.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Virginia, 1920-1949
    • DS2: Alabama, 1920-1948
    • DS3: Arkansas, 1920-1948
    • DS4: Florida, 1920-1948
    • DS5: Georgia, 1920-1948
    • DS6: Louisiana, 1920-1948
    • DS7: Mississippi, 1919-1948
    • DS8: North Carolina, 1920-1948
    • DS9: South Carolina, 1920-1948
    • DS10: Texas, 1920-1948
    • DS11: Tennessee, 1920-1948
Temporal Coverage
  • 1920 / 1949
    Time period: 1920--1949
Geographic Coverage
  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Louisiana
  • Mississippi
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • United States
  • Virginia
Sampled Universe
Counties in 11 southern states of the United States in the period 1920-1949.
Collection Mode
  • See also the related data collection SOUTHERN PRIMARY AND GENERAL ELECTION DATA, 1946-1972 [ICPSR 0072].

2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 12 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 71 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR00071.v1

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Heard, Alexander; Strong, Donald S. (1984): Southern Primary and General Election Data, 1920-1949. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.