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State-Level Congressional, Gubernatorial and Senatorial Election Data for the United States, 1824-1972

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data, and census data
Creator
  • Burnham, W. Dean
  • Clubb, Jerome M.
  • Flanigan, William
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1984-06-19
Language
English
Free Keywords
elections; immigrants; nineteenth century; political attitudes; political parties; state elections; states (USA); twentieth century; vote count; voter turnout
Description
  • Abstract

    This study contains raw and percentagized returns for all regular congressional, gubernatorial, and senatorial elections in the United States from 1824-1972. Data are provided for the number of votes cast for the major parties, including the Democratic party, the Old Republican party, the National Republican party, the Whig party, the Liberal party, and the Socialist party, and for parties whose candidates received 5 percent or more of the statewide total vote, the percentages of the votes cast for the same parties, and the estimates of voter turnout in these Congressional elections. Additional variables provide percentagized total number of citizens, Blacks, foreign-born aliens, and white aliens aged 21 and older. All data are aggregated to the state level.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Congressional Returns, 1824-1869
    • DS2: Congressional Returns, 1870-1940
    • DS3: Congressional Returns, 1941-1972
    • DS4: Gubernatorial Returns, 1824-1868
    • DS5: Gubernatorial and Senatorial Returns, 1869-1911
    • DS6: Gubernatorial and Senatorial Returns, 1912-1940
    • DS7: Gubernatorial and Senatorial Returns, 1941-1973
Temporal Coverage
  • 1824 / 1972
    Time period: 1824--1972
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampling
Decennial census figures for total population, and population deemed eligible to vote by contemporary age, race, sex, and citizenship criteria, were used to compute estimates of the number of persons deemed qualified to vote in each election year. Inter-censal estimates were computed from the decennial figures, using a linear interpolation method. The resulting inter-censal estimates for total population and "eligible voters" were then used to obtain an estimate of voter turnout in an election by dividing the total votes cast in an election by the estimated population figure.
Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 8 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 75 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Heckelman, Jac C.. Revisiting the relationship between secret ballots and turnout: A new test of two legal-institutional theories. American Politics Quarterly.28, (2), 194-215.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/1532673X00028002003 (DOI)
  • Benedict, Michael Les. Constitutional history and constitutional theory: reflections on Ackerman, Reconstruction, and the transformation of the American Constitution. Yale Law Journal.108, (8), 2011-2038.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/797381 (URL)
  • Cantrell, Gregg, Barton, D. Scott. Texas Populists and the Failure of Biracial Politics. Journal of Southern History.55, (4), 659-692.1989.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2209044 (URL)
  • Chubb, John E.. Institutions, the economy, and the dynamics of state elections. American Political Science Review.82, (1), 133-154.1988.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1958062 (URL)
  • Claggett, William. The Nationalization of Congressional Turnout: A Research Note. Western Political Quarterly.40, (3), 527-533.1987.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/448389 (URL)
  • Austin, Erik W.. Political Facts of the United States Since 1789. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. 1986.
  • Ginsburg, Gerald. Computing antebellum turnout: Methods and models. Journal of Interdisciplinary History.16, (4), 579-611.1986.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/204537 (URL)
  • Campbell, Bruce A., Trilling, Richard J.. Realignment in American Politics: Toward a Theory. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. 1980.
  • Meyer, John W., Tyack, David, Nagel, Joane, Gordon, Audri. Public Education as Nation-Building in America: Enrollments and Bureaucratization in the American States, 1870-1930. American Journal of Sociology.85, (3), 591-613.1979.
    • ID: 10.1086/227051 (DOI)
  • Dollar, Charles M.. The South and the Fordney-McCumber Tariff of 1922: A Study in Regional Politics. Journal of Southern History.39, (1), 54-66.1973.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2206791 (URL)
  • Sundquist, James L.. Dynamics of the Party System: Alignment and Realignment of Political Parties in the United States. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution. 1973.
  • Turett, J. Stephen. The Vulnerability of American Governors, 1900-1969. Midwest Journal of Political Science.15, (1), 108-132.1971.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2110252 (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Burnham, W. Dean; Clubb, Jerome M.; Flanigan, William (1984): State-Level Congressional, Gubernatorial and Senatorial Election Data for the United States, 1824-1972. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00075.v1