State-Level Congressional, Gubernatorial and Senatorial Election Data for the United States, 1824-1972

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data, and census data
  • Burnham, W. Dean
  • Clubb, Jerome M.
  • Flanigan, William
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
elections; immigrants; nineteenth century; political attitudes; political parties; state elections; states (USA); twentieth century; vote count; voter turnout
  • Abstract

    This study contains raw and percentagized returns for all regular congressional, gubernatorial, and senatorial elections in the United States from 1824-1972. Data are provided for the number of votes cast for the major parties, including the Democratic party, the Old Republican party, the National Republican party, the Whig party, the Liberal party, and the Socialist party, and for parties whose candidates received 5 percent or more of the statewide total vote, the percentages of the votes cast for the same parties, and the estimates of voter turnout in these Congressional elections. Additional variables provide percentagized total number of citizens, Blacks, foreign-born aliens, and white aliens aged 21 and older. All data are aggregated to the state level.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Congressional Returns, 1824-1869
    • DS2: Congressional Returns, 1870-1940
    • DS3: Congressional Returns, 1941-1972
    • DS4: Gubernatorial Returns, 1824-1868
    • DS5: Gubernatorial and Senatorial Returns, 1869-1911
    • DS6: Gubernatorial and Senatorial Returns, 1912-1940
    • DS7: Gubernatorial and Senatorial Returns, 1941-1973
Temporal Coverage
  • 1824 / 1972
    Time period: 1824--1972
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Decennial census figures for total population, and population deemed eligible to vote by contemporary age, race, sex, and citizenship criteria, were used to compute estimates of the number of persons deemed qualified to vote in each election year. Inter-censal estimates were computed from the decennial figures, using a linear interpolation method. The resulting inter-censal estimates for total population and "eligible voters" were then used to obtain an estimate of voter turnout in an election by dividing the total votes cast in an election by the estimated population figure.
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 8 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 75 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
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    • ID: 10.1086/227051 (DOI)
  • Dollar, Charles M.. The South and the Fordney-McCumber Tariff of 1922: A Study in Regional Politics. Journal of Southern History.39, (1), 54-66.1973.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15