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Dynamic Model of Campaign Spending in Congressional Elections

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M. (Ohio State University)
  • Lin, Tse-Min (Ohio State University)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
campaign expenditures; campaign finance; congressional elections; political campaigns
  • Abstract

    In contrast to conventional studies on campaign finance, which focus on the aggregate effect of money on the vote, we propose a more general dynamic model based on temporally disaggregated data. The model is supported by the substantive understanding that at different stages of the campaign process candidates have different goals, and their expenditures should have different effects on the final election outcome. Using Achen's (1986) framework of quasi-experiments, the model includes dynamic "assignment equations" and "outcome equations," which address the problem of nonrandom assignment. A final vote equation is derived in which the coefficients of period-specific incumbent expenditures are constrained by an Almon polynomial. Empirical estimation provide evidence for a three-stage dynamic process.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Collection Mode
  • (1) Files submitted include BOX.SAV, an SPSS data file used for the article, and CODEBOOK.WP, which consists of a definition of variables, SPSS transformations, and relevant data tables. (2) These data are part of ICPSR's Publication-Related Archive and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the investigator(s) if further information is desired.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 1120 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR01120.v1
  • Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M., Lin, Tse-Min. A dynamic model of campaign spending in congressional elections. Political Analysis.6, 37-66.1997.
    • ID: 10.1093/pan/6.1.37 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M.; Lin, Tse-Min (1996): Dynamic Model of Campaign Spending in Congressional Elections. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.