Repression and Dissent: Substitution, Context, and Timing

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Moore, Will H. (Florida State University)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
dissent; government; nonviolence; repression; violence
  • Abstract

    This study reports the results of statistical tests of three explanations of dissident responses to government repression. Mark Lichbach's theory that dissidents substitute violence for nonviolence (and vice-versa) in response to state repression is supported by the data. Dipak Gupta's theory that regime type is a determinant factor and Karen Rasler's theory that repression inhibits dissent in the short-run but spurs dissent in the long-run are not supported by the data. Rather than aggregate data over a unit of time, the study uses sequential data.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • Peru
  • Sri Lanka
  • Global
Collection Mode
  • (1) The file is a zipped binary file containing the following 12 files, along with a README.TXT file: ACTAR1.DAT, ACTAR2.DAT, GUPTA93.PER, GUPTA93.SRI, LICHBACH.PER, LICHBACH.SRI, MARL-BEN.PER, MARL-BEN.SRI, RASLER96.PER, RASLER96.SRI, WRITE.PER, WRITE.SRI. The .per and .sri extensions indicate whether the data relate to Peru or Sri Lanka. The Gupta, Lichbach, and Rasler files contain the shazam code used to perform the statistical analyses reported in the Will H. Moore article cited below. The "write" files contain shazam code that partially converts the VICDP events data into sequential data. The "actar" files were created by the write files. Those files were edited by hand to produce the "marl-ben" files, which are the data files used by the Gupta, Lichbach, and Rasler files. (2) These data are part of ICPSR's Publication-Related Archive and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the investigator(s) if further information is desired.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 1139 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR01139.v1
  • Moore, Will H.. Repression and dissent: Substitution, context, and timing. American Journal of Political Science.42, (3), 851-873.1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Rasler, Karen. Concessions, repression, and political protest in the Iranian Revolution. American Sociological Review.61, (1), 132-152.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gupta, Dipak K., Singh, Harinder, Sprague, Tom. Government Coercion of Dissidents: Deterrence or Provocation?. Journal of Conflict Resolution.37, (2), 301-339.1993.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002793037002004 (DOI)
  • Lichbach, Mark Irving. Deterrence or Escalation? The Puzzle of Aggregate Studies of Repression and Dissent. Journal of Conflict Resolution.31, (2), 266-297.1987.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002787031002003 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15