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Is Clarity of Responsibility Important for Economic Voting? Revisiting Powell and Whitten's Hypothesis

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Royed, Terry J. (University of Alabama)
  • Borrelli, Stephen A. (University of Alabama)
  • Leyden, Keven M. (West Virginia University)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
economic indicators; elections; voting behavior
  • Abstract

    The objective was to retest Powell and Whitten's 1993 hypothesis that the relationship between aggregate economic indicators and aggregate election outcomes is stronger in political contexts when there is greater clarity of responsibility. The data include alternative indicators of the variables discussed by Powell and Whitten, and more recent election results that were not contained in the original dataset. The purpose of this article was to evaluate the robustness of Powell and Whitten's initial findings. The data allow for a near-replication of their work, as well as a retesting of their basic model using different specifications, economic indicators, and vote variables. The impact of aggregate economic indicators on vote percentages for governing parties and the impact of political context (e.g., one-party vs. multi-party government) on government accountability for economic performance are examined.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Collection Mode
  • (1) The files are cdebk.wp (codebook in WordPerfect 5.1 format), cdebk.txt (codebook in ASCII text format), royleybo.wp (text of the article in WordPerfect 5.1), royleybo.txt (ASCII text version of the article), and royleytb.wp (tables in WordPerfect 5.1). The additional datasets, pwall and updtall, are provided in both Lotus 1-2-3 (*.wks) and SPSS portable file (*.por) formats. Also included is an SPSS file, freqs.spo. (2) These data are part of ICPSR's Publication-Related Archive and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the investigator(s) if further information is desired.

2000-08-28 The data and codebook have been revised by the authors to correct errors in the original.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 1206 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Royed, Terry J., Leyden, Kevin M., Borrelli, Stephen A.. Is 'clarity of responsibility' important for economic voting? Revisiting Powell and Whitten's hypothesis. British Journal of Political Science.30, (4), 669-698.2000.
    • ID: 10.1017/S0007123400210296 (DOI)
  • Powell, G. Bingham, Jr., Whitten, Guy. A cross-national analysis of economic voting: Taking account of the political context. American Journal of Political Science.37, (2), 391-414.1993.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Royed, Terry J.; Borrelli, Stephen A.; Leyden, Keven M. (1999): Is Clarity of Responsibility Important for Economic Voting? Revisiting Powell and Whitten's Hypothesis. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.