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Violence Is a Curvilinear Function of Temperature in Dallas: A Replication

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Rotton, James (Florida International University Miami)
  • Cohn, Ellen G. (Florida International University Miami)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
aggravated assault; crime patterns; crime prediction; violent crime; violent crime statistics
  • Abstract

    Data on weather and aggravated assaults were obtained to determine whether the curvilinear relationship between temperature and violence previously observed in Minneapolis, Minnesota (E.G. Cohn and J. Rotton, 1997), could be replicated. The data consisted of calls for services received by police in Dallas between January 1, 1994, and December 31, 1995. Controlling for holidays, school closings, time of day, day of the week, season of the year, and their interactions, moderator-variable autoregression analyses indicated that assaults were an inverted U-shaped function of temperature. Replicating past research, the curvilinear relationship was dominant during daylight hours and spring months, whereas linear relationships were observed during nighttime hours and other seasons. The results are interpreted in terms of routine activity theory and the negative affect escape model of aggression.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • Dallas
  • Texas
  • United States
Collection Mode
  • Files submitted are dallass.por, and SPSS portable file, and dallass.txt, which describes the contents of the data file. These data are part of ICPSR's Publication-Related Archive and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the investigators if further information is desired.

This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 1274 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR01274.v1
  • Rotton, James, Cohn, Ellen G.. Violence is a curvilinear function of temperature in Dallas: A replication. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.78, (6), 1074-1081.2000.
    • ID: 10.1037/0022-3514.78.6.1074 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Rotton, James; Cohn, Ellen G. (2003): Violence Is a Curvilinear Function of Temperature in Dallas: A Replication. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.