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NAFTA and the Geography of North American Trade

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Wall, Howard (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
economic activity; NAFTA; trade agreements; trade relations
  • Abstract

    Debates over the desirability of a preferential trading area frequently begin with the supposition that it will have two effects on the volume of trade: It will increase trade between members of the trading area and decrease trade between members and nonmembers. This article demonstrates, however, that at the regional level, the effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) might be more complex than previously supposed. Specifically, according to gravity model estimates, NAFTA has led to (1) decreased trade between Eastern Canada and the United States and Mexico, (2) increased trade between Central Canada and the United States and Mexico, and (3) increased trade between Western Canada and Mexico but no change in the volume of trade between Western Canada and the United States. The model also indicates that NAFTA has caused a decrease in trade between Canadian regions and both Europe and Asia, while increasing Mexico's trade with Asia.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • Canada
  • Europe
  • Global
  • Mexico
  • North America
  • United States
Collection Mode
  • The files submitted are the data file, 0303hwd.csv, and the program file, 0303hwp.txt.

    These data are part of ICPSR's Publication-Related Archive and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the investigator if further information is desired.

This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 1285 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Wall, Howard J.. NAFTA and the geography of North American Trade. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review.85, (2), 13-26.2003.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Wall, Howard (2003): NAFTA and the Geography of North American Trade. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.