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Increasing Importance of Proximity for Exports From U.S. States

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Coughlin, Cletus C. (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Free Keywords
exports; international trade
  • Abstract

    Changes in income, trade policies, transportation costs, technology, and many other variables affect the geographic pattern of international trade flows. This paper focuses on the changing geography of merchandise exports from individual U.S. states to foreign countries. Generally speaking, the geographic distribution of state exports has changed so that trade has become more intense with nearby countries relative to distant countries. All states, however, did not experience similar changes. As measured by the distance of trade, which is the average distance that a state's international trade is transported, 40 states experienced a declining distance of trade, while 11 states (including Washington, DC) experienced an increasing distance of trade. Evidence, albeit far from definitive, suggests that declining transportation costs over land, the implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement, and faster income growth by nearby trading partners relative to distant partners have contributed to the changing geography of state exports.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Collection Mode
  • (1) The files are 0411ccp.txt, the program file, and 0411ccd.exe, the data file. (2) These data are part of ICPSR's Publication-Related Archive and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the investigators if further information is desired.

This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 1307 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Coughlin, Cletus C.. The Increasing Importance of Proximity for Exports from U.S. States. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review.86, (6), 1-18.2004.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Coughlin, Cletus C. (2005): Increasing Importance of Proximity for Exports From U.S. States. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.