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Evaluation of the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Cognitive Skills Development Program Implemented in Juvenile Intensive Supervision Probation in Colorado, 1994-1995

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data, and administrative records data
Creator
  • Pullen, Suzanne (Colorado Department of Public Safety, Division of Criminal Justice)
  • English, Kim (Colorado Department of Public Safety, Division of Criminal Justice)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1999-11-02
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
educational programs; juvenile offenders; probation; program evaluation; recidivism
Description
  • Abstract

    This study was a program evaluation of the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Cognitive Skills Development Program, an educational program that taught cognitive skills to offenders, as implemented in juvenile intensive supervision probation in Colorado. Using an experimental design, researchers sought to measure the extent of change in attitudes and behaviors due to the cognitive skills program by administering pre- and post-test interviews. Researchers also measured recidivism by conducting interviews with probation officers who supervised the offenders in the sample six months after termination from intensive supervision. These interviews were supplemented with administrative records data that provided background information about the sample. In addition, administrative data were collected on all juveniles sentenced to intensive supervision during fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to compare juveniles in the sample with all juveniles in the intensive program. Variables in this collection include cognitive measures, such as impulsivity, problem-solving ability, egocentricity, and cognitive style. Other variables measure emotional responses to various situations, attitudes toward the law, values, drug abuse, program participation, and recidivism. Administrative data include age, gender, ethnicity, offense of conviction, and basic assessment data.
  • Abstract

    The Reasoning and Rehabilitation Cognitive Skills Development Program was developed by Ross and Fabiano in 1985 as an educational program that focused on teaching the following cognitive skills to offenders: problem-solving, consequential thinking, means-end reasoning, social perspective-taking, critical reasoning, abstract reasoning, creative thinking, and values. In 1992 the Colorado Office of Probation Services incorporated the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Program as a requirement for young offenders placed in juvenile intensive supervision probation. While previous research had evaluated this cognitive skills program for adults, this project was designed to evaluate the outcomes of this program as implemented in a juvenile setting. In particular, it sought to answer the following questions: (1) Did the program work to change attitudes, thinking patterns, and behaviors? (2) Did the program have an impact on post-termination rates of recidivism? and (3) For which types of offenders did the program work best?
  • Abstract

    To evaluate how well the Reasoning and Rehabilitation program worked in juvenile intensive supervision probation in Colorado, the researchers developed an experimental design whereby clients were randomly assigned to participate or not participate in the cognitive program. To measure the extent of change in attitudes and behaviors due to the program, clients in both the treatment and control groups were administered pre- and post-test interviews based on two instruments. The first was a slightly modified version of a semi-structured interview developed by the authors of the program as part of a larger cognitive skills assessment battery. The second instrument was a self-administered 70-item battery of statements measuring concepts related to crime and criminal attitudes that respondents were asked to rank on a Likert-scale format. These measures were designed to assess the extent of change in cognitive skills and functioning among the sample in nine areas: (1) ability to recognize that problems exist, (2) ability to solve interpersonal problems, (3) ability to think of and develop alternatives, (4) awareness of consequences, (5) ability to set and achieve goals, (6) level of egocentricity, (7) social perspective-taking, (8) level of impulsivity, and (9) cognitive style. To measure recidivism rates of juveniles in the sample, researchers conducted interviews with probation officers who supervised the offenders in the sample six months after termination from intensive probation. Recidivism was measured by rearrest for a new crime. These interviews were supplemented with administrative records data that provided background information about the sample. In addition, administrative data were collected on all juveniles sentenced to intensive supervision during fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to compare juveniles in the sample with all juveniles on probation.
  • Abstract

    In Part 1, Pre- and Post-Test Data, variables include cognitive measures such as impulsivity, problem-solving ability, egocentricity, and cognitive style. Other variables measure emotional responses to various situations, attitudes toward the law, values, drug abuse, program participation, and recidivism. Part 2, Background Data, contains variables on age, ethnicity, index crime, risk score, and need score. Part 3, Juvenile Intensive Supervision Probation Data, contains information on all intensive supervision participants at the time of the study, including gender, age, and offense.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: Several Likert-type scales were used.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Not applicable.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Pre- and Post-Test Data
    • DS2: Background Data
    • DS3: Juvenile Intensive Supervision Probation Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1994 / 1995
    Time period: 1994--1995
  • 1994 / 1995
    Collection date: 1994--1995
Geographic Coverage
  • Colorado
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Juveniles sentenced to juvenile intensive supervision probation in Colorado between 1994 and 1995.
Sampling
Random sampling.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook and data collection instruments are provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

Note
2006-03-30 File CB2028.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (93-IJ-CX-K017).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2028 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02028.v1
Publications
  • Van Voorhis, Patricia, Spruance, Lisa M., Ritchey, P. Neal, Listwan, Shelly Johnson, Seabrook, Renita. The Georgia cognitive skills experiment: A replication of Reasoning and Rehabilitation. Criminal Justice and Behavior.31, (3), 282-305.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854803262506 (DOI)
  • Pullen, Suzanne. Evaluation of the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Cognitive Skills Development Program as Implemented in Juvenile ISP in Colorado. NCJ 165183, Denver, CO: Colorado Division of Criminal Justice. 1996.
  • Pullen, Suzanne. Evaluation of the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Cognitive Skills Development Program as Implemented in Juvenile ISP in Colorado, Final Report. NCJ 165183, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1996.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/165183NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Fabiano, E., Porporino, F.. Assessment of the Implementation of the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Program for the JISP Cognitive Program Evaluation. Ottawa, Ontario: T3 Associates. 1995.
  • English, Kim. Juvenile Intensive Supervision Probation Pilot Project Phase One Study. Denver, CO: Colorado Department of Public Safety. Division of Criminal Justice. 1993.
  • Woodward, Bill, English, Kim. Juvenile Intensive Supervision Probation Pilot Project: Phase One Study. Denver: Colorado Department of Public Safety, Division of Criminal Justice. 1993.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Pullen, Suzanne; English, Kim (1999): Evaluation of the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Cognitive Skills Development Program Implemented in Juvenile Intensive Supervision Probation in Colorado, 1994-1995. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02028