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Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1991 Full Panel Microdata File

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
demographic characteristics; economic conditions; families; financial assets; government programs; households; income; income distribution; labor force; participation; poverty programs; public assistance programs; unearned income; unemployment; wages and salaries; wealth; welfare services; working hours
  • Abstract

    This data collection contains basic demographic, social, and economic data for each member of interviewed households during the eight waves of the 1991 Panel of SIPP. Variables include age, sex, race, ethnic origin, marital status, household relationship, education, and veteran status. Limited data are provided on housing unit characteristics such as number of units in structure and tenure. Core questions, repeated at each interview, cover monthly labor force activity, types and amounts of monthly income, and participation in various cash and noncash benefit programs for each month of the survey period. Data for employed persons include number of hours and weeks worked, earnings, and weeks without a job. Nonworkers are classified as unemployed or not in the labor force. In addition to income data associated with labor force activity, nearly 50 other types of income data are provided. Several variables are included for use in identifying longitudinal households and persons in them and to aid in analysis.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1990-10 / 1993-08
    Time period: 1990-10--1993-08
  • 1991-02 / 1993-09
    Collection date: 1991-02--1993-09
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The universe is the resident population of the United States, excluding persons living in institutions and military barracks.
A multistage stratified sampling design was used. One-forth of the sample households were interviewed each month, and households were reinterviewed at four-month intervals. All persons at least 15 years old who were present as household members at the time of the first interview were included for the entire study, except those who joined the military, were institutionalized for the entire study period, or moved from the United States. Original household members who moved during the study period were followed to their new residences and interviewed there. New persons moving into households of members of the original sample also were included in the survey, but were not followed if they left the household of an original sample person.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Although the record length is 12,600, the last 32 locations are blank. (2) The documentation is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2036 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Cobb-Clark, Deborah A., Hildebrand, Vincent A.. The portfolio choices of hispanic couples. Social Science Quarterly.87, (5), 1344-1363.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2006.00431.x (DOI)
  • Moon, Sangho, Shin, Jaeun. The effect of the Americans with Disabilities Act on economic well-being of men with disabilities. Health Policy.76, (3), 266-276.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2005.06.010 (DOI)
  • Almond, Douglas, Mazumder, Bhashkar. 1918 influenza pandemic and subsequent health outcomes: An analysis of SIPP data. American Economic Review.95 , (2), 258-262.2005.
    • ID: 10.1257/000282805774669943 (DOI)
  • Gottschalk, Peter. Downward nominal-wage flexibility: Real or measurement error?. Review of Economics and Statistics.87, (3), 556-568.2005.
    • ID: 10.1162/0034653054638328 (DOI)
  • Ham, John C., Shore-Sheppard, Lara. The effect of Medicaid expansions for low-income children on Medicaid participation and private insurance coverage: Evidence from the SIPP. Journal of Public Economics.89, (1), 57-83.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2003.07.011 (DOI)
  • Card, David, Hildreth, Andrew K. G., Shore-Sheppard, Lara D.. The measurement of Medicaid coverage in the SIPP: Evidence from a comparison of matched records. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics.22, (4), 410-420.2004.
    • ID: 10.1198/073500104000000208 (DOI)
  • Favreault, Melissa M., Wolf, Douglas A.. Living Arrangements and Supplemental Security Income Receipt Among the Aged. CRR WP 2004-03, Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. 2004.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Grogger, Jeffrey. Welfare transitions in the 1990s: The economy, Welfare policy, and the EITC. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.23, (4), 671-695.2004.
    • ID: 10.1002/pam.20042 (DOI)
  • Johnson, John H. IV. Do long work hours contribute to divorce?. Topics in Economic Analysis and Policy.4, (1), 1-23.2004.
  • Neumark, David, Kawaguchi, Daiji. Attrition bias in labor economics research using matched CPS files. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement.29, (4), 445-472.2004.
  • Han, Wen-Jui, Waldfogel, Jane. Parental Leave: The Impact of Recent Legislation on Parents' Leave Taking. Demography.40, (1), 191-200.2003.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2003.0003 (DOI)
  • Neumark, David, Powers, Elizabeth T.. Effect of the SSI program on labor supply: Improved evidence from Social Security administrative files. Social Security Bulletin.65, (3), 45-60.2003.
  • Bosworth, Barry, Burtless, Gary, Sahm, Claudia. The Trend in Lifetime Earnings Inequality and Its Impact on the Distribution of Retirement Income. CRR WP 2001-03, Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. 2001.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Carney, Stacie, Gale, William G.. Asset accumulation among low-income households. Assets for the Poor: The Benefits of Spreading Asset Ownership.New York, NY: Russell Sage. 2001.
  • Powers, Elizabeth T., Neumark, David. The Supplemental Security Income Program and Incentives to Take Up Social Security Early Retirement: Empirical Evidence from Matched SIPP and Social Security Administration Files. Empirical Evidence from Matched SIPP and Social Security Administrative Files.WP 2001-06, Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. 2001.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Kupstas, Paula Knapp. Informal Caregiving and Time Allocation Decisions Among Caregivers to the Severely Mentally Ill. Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University. 2000.
  • Bosworth, Barry, Burtless, Gary, Steuerle, C. Eugene. Lifetime Earnings Patterns, the Distribution of Future Social Security Benefits, and the Impact of Pension Reform. CRR WP 1999-06, Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. 1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Fujiura, Glenn T.. Demography of family households. American Journal of Mental Retardation.103, (3), 225-235.1998.
    • ID: 10.1352/0895-8017(1998)103<0225:DOFH>2.0.CO;2 (DOI)
  • Borjas, George J., Hilton, Lynette. Immigration and the Welfare State: Immigration Participation in Means-Tested Entitlement Programs. Quarterly Journal of Economics.111, (2), 575-604.1996.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Land, Kenneth C., Russell, Stephen T.. Wealth accumulation across the adult life course: Stability and change in sociodemographic covariate structures of net worth data in the Survey of Income and Program Participation, 1984-1991. Social Science Research.25, (4), 423-462.1996.
    • ID: 10.1006/ssre.1996.0019 (DOI)
  • Bowe, Frank G.. Population estimates: Birth-to-5 children with disabilities. Journal of Special Education.28, (4), 461-471.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/002246699502800405 (DOI)
  • Petersen, Carol Dawn. Female-headed families on AFDC: Who leaves welfare quickly and who doesn't. Journal of Economic Issues.29, (2), 619-628.1995.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1997): Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1991 Full Panel Microdata File. Version 1. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.