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State Court Processing Statistics, 1990-2009: Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • State Court Processing Statistics Series
Publication Date
1998-09-11
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
case processing; court cases; criminal histories; defendants; disposition (legal); felons; felony courts; pretrial detention; pretrial release; sentencing; state courts; statistical data
Description
  • Abstract

    Originally known as the National Pretrial Reporting Program, the State Court Processing Statistics (SCPS) program tracks felony cases filed in May of a given year until final disposition or until one year has elapsed from the date of filing. This collection presents data on felony cases filed in approximately 40 of the nation's 75 most populous counties in even numbered years from 1990-2006 and 2009. These 75 counties account for more than a third of the United States population and approximately half of all reported crimes. The cases from these 40 jurisdictions are weighted to represent all felony filings during the month of May in the 75 most populous counties. Data were collected on arrest charges, demographic characteristics, criminal history, pretrial release and detention, adjudication, and sentencing.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 1990-2009 Cumulative Data
    • DS2: 1990 Data
    • DS3: 1992 Data
    • DS4: 1994 Data
    • DS5: 1996 Data
    • DS6: 1998 Data
    • DS7: 2000 Data
    • DS8: 2002 Data
    • DS10: 2006 Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1990
  • Time period: 1992
  • Time period: 1994
  • Time period: 1996
  • Time period: 1998
  • Time period: 2000
  • Time period: 2002
  • Time period: 2004
  • Time period: 2006
  • Time period: 2009
  • Collection date: 1990
  • Collection date: 1992
  • Collection date: 1994
  • Collection date: 1996
  • Collection date: 1998
  • Collection date: 2000
  • Collection date: 2002
  • Collection date: 2004
  • Collection date: 2006
  • Collection date: 2009
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Felony court filings during the month of May in even years from 1990-2006 and 2009 in the 75 most populous counties in the United States. Smallest Geographic Unit: county
Sampling
In a two-stage sampling process, the first stage was a stratified sample to select 40 of the 75 most populous counties, and the second stage was a systematic sample of defendants based on felony filings within each selected county.
Collection Mode
  • Part 1, 1990-2009 Cumulative Data, has its own codebook, which is separate from the codebook for Part 10, 2006 Data. Parts 6, 7, and 8, 1998-2004 Data, also have their own codebooks. Parts 2-5, the 1990, 1992, 1994, and 1996 individual-year data files, share the same codebook.

    Part 6, 1998 Data, contains over 100 new variables that were created by the principal investigator.

    Parts 2-5, the 1990, 1992, 1994, and 1996 data files, were created from the 1990-1996 Cumulative Data file.

    This version of the data supersedes all previous National Pretrial Reporting Program files.

    Variable names and value labels have been made consistent across the 1990, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, and 2006 files. All years use "8" codes for not applicable and "9" codes for missing data. Since some variables did not exist for all years, there may be instances in which all cases are missing for a variable within a given year.

    There are 25 additional variables in Part 10, 2006 Data that are not in Part 1, 1990-2009 Cumulative Data.

Note
2014-06-24 The cumulative data file was updated to also include the 2009 data (Part 1, 1990-2009 Cumulative Data). The title of Part 1 has been revised to reflect the range of years the data were collected. The documentation has been revised for Part 1, 1990-2009 Cumulative Data.2011-08-19 All parts are being moved to restricted access and will be available only using the restricted access procedures.2010-09-03 Data were added to the collection for 2006 (Part 10, 2006 Data) and the cumulative data file was updated to also include the 2006 data (Part 1, 1990-2006 Cumulative Data). The title of Part 1 has been revised to reflect the range of years the data were collected. The documentation has been revised for Part 1, 1990-2006 Cumulative Data, and for Part 10, 2006 Data.2007-11-28 The cumulative data for 1990 to 2004 were submitted by the principal investigator. Part 1 has been modified.2006-03-17 The 2002 data were submitted by the principal investigator. Part 1 has been modified, and Part 8 has been added.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2004-05-20 Data were added to the collection for 2000 (Part 7, 2000 Data) and the cumulative data file was updated to also include the 2000 data (Part 1, 1990-2000 Cumulative Data). The title of the study has been revised to reflect the range of years the data were collected instead of individual years.2004-05-20 Documentation has been revised for Part 7, 2000 Data, and for Part 1, 1990-2000 Cumulative Data. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2038 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02038.v1
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  • Reaves, Brian A.. Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties, 2009 - Statistical Tables. State Court Processing Statistics.NCJ 243777, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2013.
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  • Stolzenberg, Lisa, D'Alessio, Stewart J., Eitle, David. Race and cumulative discrimination in the prosecution of criminal defendants. Race and Justice.3, (4), 275-299.2013.
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  • Deza, Monica. Essays on Drug Use and Crime. University of California, Berkeley. 2012.
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    • ID: http://dcpiprod.urban.org/images/Case-Processing-Statistics-Report-Final_1.pdf (URL)
  • Redlich, Allison D., Liu, Siyu, Steadman, Henry J., Callahan, Lisa, Robbins, Pamela C.. Is diversion swift?: Comparing mental health court and traditional criminal justice processing. Criminal Justice and Behavior.39, (4), 420-433.2012.
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  • Martin, Kimberly. A Multilevel Analysis of County and State Variation in the Severity of Sentences Imposed in Large Urban Courts. Dissertation, University of Missouri-St. Louis. 2011.
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  • Cohen, Thomas H., Kyckelhahn, Tracey. Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties, 2006. Bulletin: State Court Processing Statistics, 2006.NCJ 228944, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2010.
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    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2010.300004 (DOI)
  • U. S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. State Court Processing Statistics Data Limitations. Data Advisory.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2010.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 14 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1998): State Court Processing Statistics, 1990-2009: Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties. Archival Version. State Court Processing Statistics Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02038