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Intuitive Toxicology II: Studies of Expert and Lay Judgments of Chemical Risk, 1994

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Slovic, Paul (Decision Research)
  • Malmfors, Torbjorn (Malmfors Consulting)
  • Purchase, Ian F.H. (Zeneca Central Toxicology Laboratory)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
alcohol; asbestos; cancer; carcinogens; crime; environmental hazards; hazardous substances; health; health attitudes; health behavior; pollution; radiation; radioactive wastes; risk; risk assessment; tobacco products
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this survey was to examine the subjective and intuitive elements of lay risk assessments of chemical risk. Members of the British Toxicology Society were asked to complete questionnaires that included a variety of question types and formats, including ratings of perceived risk, attitude and opinion questions, and questions pertaining to the technical evaluation of several chemicals. Those surveyed were asked to rate the perceived risk of items relating to health, including alcoholic beverages, asbestos, breast implants, burning fossil fuels, cigarette smoking, contraceptive pills, crime and violence, depletion of the ozone layer, dioxins, food additives, medical X-rays, nuclear waste, pesticides, and sun tanning. Attitudes and opinions were also sought on topics such as animal testing, cancer, and pollution. Background information on respondents includes education, age, sex, and occupational affiliation.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The survey was mailed to all 857 members of the British Toxicology Society. Three hundred twelve completed surveys were returned for a response rate of 36.4 percent.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1994
  • Collection date: 1994
Geographic Coverage
  • Great Britain
  • Global
Sampled Universe
Members of the British Toxicology Society in 1994.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook is provided by ICPSR as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Not available
This study is currently unavailable.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2180 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02180.v1
  • Slovic, P., Malmfors, Torbjorn, Mertz, C.K., Neil, N., Purchase, Ian F.. Evaluating Chemical Risks: Results of a Survey of the British Toxicology Society. Human and Experimental Toxicology.16, (6), 289-304.1997.
    • ID: 10.1177/096032719701600601 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Slovic, Paul; Malmfors, Torbjorn; Purchase, Ian F.H. (2005): Intuitive Toxicology II: Studies of Expert and Lay Judgments of Chemical Risk, 1994. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.

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