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National Health Interview Surveys, 1986-1994: Multiple Cause of Death, Dates of Death, 1986-1995

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health Interview Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
causes of death; chronic disabilities; chronic illnesses; death records; disabilities; health; health care; health problems; illness; mortality rates
  • Abstract

    This data collection supplies date and cause of death data for sample persons included in the National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS) for the years 1986 through 1994. Beginning with survey year 1986, linkage information was collected on NHIS respondents aged 18 and older to allow for matching with other data systems such as the National Death Index (NDI). The Multiple Cause of Death (MCD) data files contain information on those persons with scores high enough to be considered deceased or scores high enough that they may be included in an analysis as deceased. The Ineligible Cases data files contain person IDs of those NHIS participants under the age of 18 as well as those with insufficient information to permit linkage with the NDI. These cases should be excluded from the NHIS survey data files prior to analysis. Linkage of the NHIS respondents with the NDI provides a longitudinal component to the NHIS that allows for the ascertainment of vital status. The addition of vital status permits the use of NHIS data to estimate survival, mortality, and life expectancy while using the richness of the NHIS questionnaires, both core and supplements, as covariates. These data files must be used in conjunction with the basic NHIS data files (1986 [ICPSR 8976], 1987 [ICPSR 9195], 1988 [ICPSR 9412], 1989 [ICPSR 9583], 1990 [ICPSR 9839], 1991 [ICPSR 6049], 1992 [ICPSR 6343], 1993 [ICPSR 6534], 1994 [ICPSR 6724]). Variables included in the MCD files cover year of interview, quarter, household number, person number, month and year of death, vital status, and causes of death. The Ineligible Cases files contain a person ID that matches columns 3-16 on the NHIS public use data files.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Cause of Death Data, 1986
    • DS2: Ineligible Cases Data, 1986
    • DS3: Cause of Death Data, 1987
    • DS4: Ineligible Cases Data, 1987
    • DS5: Cause of Death Data, 1988
    • DS6: Ineligible Cases Data, 1988
    • DS7: Cause of Death Data, 1989
    • DS8: Ineligible Cases Data, 1989
    • DS9: Cause of Death Data, 1990
    • DS10: Ineligible Cases Data, 1990
    • DS11: Cause of Death Data, 1991
    • DS12: Ineligible Cases Data, 1991
    • DS13: Cause of Death Data, 1992
    • DS14: Ineligible Cases Data, 1992
    • DS15: Cause of Death Data, 1993
    • DS16: Ineligible Cases Data, 1993
    • DS17: Cause of Death Data, 1994
    • DS18: Ineligible Cases Data 1994
Temporal Coverage
  • 1986 / 1995
    Time period: 1986--1995
  • 1986 / 1995
    Collection date: 1986--1995
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Respondents 18 years of age or older who participated in the National Health Interview Surveys for any year from 1986 through 1994 and for whom there is an apparent match on the National Death Index for any year from 1986 through 1995.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data file(s) and text of the technical documentation for this collection as prepared by NCHS. (2) The linkage used with these files employs a different methodology than previous linkages and replaces all previous NHIS-NDI linked files (ICPSR 6475-6479). (3) The documentation is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

2006-01-18 File CB2183.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2183 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
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  • Miller, Jordan A.G., Rege, Robert V., Ko, Clifford Y., Livingston, Edward H.. Health care access and poverty do not explain the higher esophageal cancer mortality in African Americans. American Journal of Surgery.188, (1), 22-26.2004.
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  • Eberstein, Isaac W., Giblin, Bryan, Eliassen, Henry, Hummer, Robert A., Nam, Charles B.. The accuracy of death certificates and multiple causes of death among adults. Annual Meeting of the Southern Sociological Society.New Orleans, LA. 2003.
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    • ID: 10.1001/archinte.163.12.1440 (DOI)
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  • Wang, Shu-Chuan. Native American-White Differences in Adult Health. Dissertation, University of Texas-Austin. 2003.
  • Winkleby, M.A., Cubbin, C.. Influence of individual and neighbourhood socioeconomic status on mortality among black, Mexican-American, and white women and men in the United States. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.57, (6), 444-452.2003.
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  • Finch, Brian Karl, Hummer, Robert A., Reindl, Maureen, Vega, William A.. Validity of self-rated health among Latino(a)s. American Journal of Epidemiology.155, (8), 755-759.2002.
    • ID: 10.1093/aje/155.8.755 (DOI)
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  • Rogers, Richard G., Rosenblatt, Rebecca, Hummer, Robert A.. Black-white differentials in adult homicide mortality in the United States. Social Science Quarterly.82, (3), 435-452.2001.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (1997): National Health Interview Surveys, 1986-1994: Multiple Cause of Death, Dates of Death, 1986-1995. Version 1. National Health Interview Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.