Directory of Law Enforcement Agencies, 1996: [United States]

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Directory of Law Enforcement Agencies Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
authority; full time employment; law enforcement; law enforcement agencies; part time employment; police departments; policies and procedures; personnel
  • Abstract

    To ensure an accurate sampling frame for its Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS) survey, the Bureau of Justice Statistics periodically sponsors a census of the nation's state and local law enforcement agencies. This census, known as the Directory Survey, gathers data on 49 primary state law enforcement agencies and all sheriffs' departments, local police departments, and special police agencies (state or local) that are publicly funded and employ at least one sworn officer with general arrest powers. The 1996 Directory Survey collected data on the number of sworn and nonsworn personnel employed by each agency, including both full-time and part-time employees. Within the full-time sworn category, data were collected from all agencies on the number who were uniformed officers with regularly assigned duties that included responding to calls for service. For agencies with at least 10 full-time sworn officers, the number whose primary duties were related to investigations, court operations, or jail operations was also obtained. This data collection, compiled in June 1996, represents the third such census, with the first occurring in 1986 (DIRECTORY OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES, 1986: [UNITED STATES] [ICPSR 8696]) and the second in 1992 (DIRECTORY OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES, 1992: [UNITED STATES] [ICPSR 2266]). Variables include personnel totals, type of government, type of agency, and whether the agency had the legal authority to hold a person beyond arraignment for 48 or more hours.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1996
  • Collection date: 1996-06
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All police and sheriffs' departments that are publicly funded and employ at least one full-time or part-time sworn officer with general arrest powers.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook and data collection instrument are provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2260 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Burruss, George W., Giblin, Matthew J.. Modeling isomorphism on policing innovation: The role of institutional pressures in adopting community-oriented policing. Crime and Delinquency.60, (3), 331-355.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128709340225 (DOI)
  • Kleck, Gary, Barnes, J.C. Do more police lead to more crime deterrence?. Crime and Delinquency.60, (5), 716-738.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128710382263 (DOI)
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  • Meesing, Robert T.. An Exploratory Study Regarding the Effects of Community Policing on Index Crime Clearance Rates in Local Agencies with Investigators. Dissertation, Michigan State University. 2004.
  • Davies, Heather J.. Understanding Variations in Murder Clearance Rates: The Influence of the Political Environment. American University. 2003.
  • Falcone, David N., Wells, L. Edward, Weisheit, Ralph A.. The small town police department. Policing.25, (2), 371-384.2002.
  • Maguire, Edward R.. Multiwave establishment surveys of police organizations. Justice Research and Policy.4, 39-60.2002.
    • ID: 10.3818/JRP.4.1.2002.39 (DOI)
  • Reaves, Brian A.. Federal Law Enforcement Officers, 1996. NCJ 164617, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Reaves, Brian A., Goldberg, Andrew L.. Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 1996. Bulletin.NCJ 164618, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15