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Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1995: Interview Survey and Detailed Expenditure Files

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Consumer Expenditure Survey Series
Publication Date
1998-02-19
Language
English
Free Keywords
automobile expenses; clothing; construction costs; consumer behavior; consumer expenditures; consumption; credit; debt; demographic characteristics; durable goods; education expenditures; employment; energy consumption; families; fixed income; food costs; health expenditures; health insurance; home ownership; hospitalization; household appliances; household budgets; household expenditures; household income; housing costs; insurance; memberships; mortgage payments; property repairs; purchasing; recreation expenses; taxes; unemployment benefits; wages and salaries
Description
  • Abstract

    The ongoing Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) provides a continuous flow of information on the buying habits of American consumers and also furnishes data to support periodic revisions of the Consumer Price Index. The survey consists of two separate components: (1) a quarterly Interview Survey in which each consumer unit in the sample is interviewed every three months over a 15-month period, and (2) a Diary Survey completed by the sample consumer units for two consecutive one-week periods. The Interview Survey was designed to collect data on major items of expense, household characteristics, and income. The expenditures covered by the survey are those that respondents can recall fairly accurately for three months or longer. In general, these expenditures include relatively large purchases, such as those for property, or expenditures that occur on a fairly regular basis, such as rent, utilities, or insurance premiums. Excluded are nonprescription drugs, household supplies, and personal care items. Including global estimates on spending for food, it is estimated that about 90 to 95 percent of expenditures are covered in the Interview Survey. The Detailed Expenditure Files were created from all the major expenditure sections of the Interview Survey questionnaires and contain the most detailed expenditure data from the Interview Survey. Part 73, Documentation File, includes a sample program and a list of the FMLY and MEMB variables by start position. Parts 69-72 contain processing files used by the program in Part 73.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income, First Quarter, 1995
    • DS2: Member Characteristics and Income, First Quarter, 1995
    • DS3: Detailed Expenditures, First Quarter, 1995
    • DS4: Income File, First Quarter, 1995
    • DS5: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income, Second Quarter, 1995
    • DS6: Member Characteristics and Income, Second Quarter, 1995
    • DS7: Detailed Expenditures, Second Quarter, 1995
    • DS8: Income File, Second Quarter, 1995
    • DS9: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income, Third Quarter, 1995
    • DS10: Member Characteristics and Income, Third Quarter, 1995
    • DS11: Detailed Expenditures, Third Quarter, 1995
    • DS12: Income File, Third Quarter, 1995
    • DS13: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income, Fourth Quarter, 1995
    • DS14: Member Characteristics and Income, Fourth Quarter, 1995
    • DS15: Detailed Expenditures, Fourth Quarter, 1995
    • DS16: Income File, Fourth Quarter, 1995
    • DS17: Consumer Unit Characteristics and Income, First Quarter, 1996
    • DS18: Member Characteristics and Income, First Quarter, 1996
    • DS19: Detailed Expenditures, First Quarter, 1996
    • DS20: Income File, First Quarter, 1996
    • DS21: Major Household Appliances
    • DS22: Rented Living Quarters
    • DS23: Owned Living Quarters (Detailed Property Description)
    • DS24: Owned Living Quarters (Disposed-of Property)
    • DS25: Owned Living Quarters (Mortgage Payments)
    • DS26: Owned Living Quarters (Lump Sum Home Equity Loans)
    • DS27: Owned Living Quarters (Line of Credit Home Equity Loans)
    • DS28: Owned Living Quarters (Ownership Costs)
    • DS29: Utilities and Fuels (Telephone Expenses)
    • DS30: Utilities and Fuels (Screening Questions)
    • DS31: Utilities and Fuels (Detailed Questions)
    • DS32: Construction, Repairs, Alterations, and Maintenance of Property (Screening Questions)
    • DS33: Construction, Repairs, Alterations, and Maintenance of Property (Job Description)
    • DS34: Appliances, Household Equipment, and Other Selected Items (Purchase of Appliances)
    • DS35: Appliances, Household Equipment, and Other Selected Items (Other Household Equipment)
    • DS36: Household Equipment Repairs and Service Contracts
    • DS37: Furniture Repair and Reupholstering
    • DS38: Home Furnishings and Related Household Items (Purchases)
    • DS39: Home Furnishings and Related Household Items (Rental or Leasing of Furniture)
    • DS40: Clothing and Sewing Materials (Clothing)
    • DS41: Clothing and Sewing Materials (Infants' Clothing, Watches, Jewelry, and Hairpieces)
    • DS42: Clothing and Sewing Materials (Sewing Materials)
    • DS43: Clothing and Sewing Materials (Clothing Services)
    • DS44: Rented and Leased Vehicles (Screening Questions)
    • DS45: Rented and Leased Vehicles (Detailed Questions for Leased Vehicles)
    • DS46: Owned Vehicles (Detailed Questions)
    • DS47: Owned Vehicles (Disposed-of Vehicles)
    • DS48: Vehicle Operating Expenses (Vehicle Maintenance and Repair)
    • DS49: Vehicle Operating Expenses (Licensing, Registration, and Inspection of Vehicles)
    • DS50: Vehicle Operating Expenses (Other Vehicle Operating Expenses)
    • DS51: Insurance Other Than Health (Detailed Questions)
    • DS52: Hospitalization and Health Insurance (Detailed Questions)
    • DS53: Hospitalization and Health Insurance (Medicare, Medicaid, and Other Plans Not Paid by CU)
    • DS54: Medical and Health Expenditures (Expenses)
    • DS55: Medical and Health Expenditures (Reimbursements)
    • DS56: Educational Expenses (Expenses Paid Directly by the Consumer Unit)
    • DS57: Subscriptions and Memberships
    • DS58: Books and Entertainment Expenses
    • DS59: Trips and Vacations (Not Fully Reimbursed)
    • DS60: Trips and Vacations (Fully Reimbursed)
    • DS61: Trips and Vacations (Trip Expenses for Non-Consumer Unit Members)
    • DS62: Trips and Vacations (Local Overnight Stays)
    • DS63: Miscellaneous Expenses
    • DS64: Expense Patterns for Food and Beverages
    • DS65: Expense Patterns for Selected Services and Goods
    • DS66: Credit Liability (Second Quarter Only)
    • DS67: Credit Liability (Credit Balances)
    • DS68: Credit Liability (Credit Finances)
    • DS69: Aggregation File
    • DS70: Label File
    • DS71: Universal Classification Codes
    • DS72: Vehicle Make and Model
    • DS73: Documentation File
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1995
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Noninstitutional civilian population of the United States.
Sampling
National probability sample of households designed to represent the total noninstitutional civilian population.
Collection Mode
  • Starting with the 1994 collection, the Interview Survey and the Detailed Expenditure Files (EXPN) are released together in one data collection by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

    This release includes files from the first quarter of 1996 in addition to the files containing data from interviews conducted during the four quarters of 1995.

    The codebook is provided as an MSWord 7 file and as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.

Note
2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 75 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 74 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.1999-11-02 Parts 17-68, 74-75 have been update to correct errors in the assignment of values for the variable NEWID. Users should note that the NEWID assignment errors in the data originally released are limited to 1996 first-quarter Interview Survey records. Using data from the original release will not affect cross-sectional analysis, was linking consumer units longitudinally may result in distorted outcomes.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2264 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02264.v1
Publications
  • Aguiar, Mark A., Bils, Mark. Has Consumption Inequality Mirrored Income Inequality?. NBER Working Paper Series.16807, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2011.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w16807.pdf (URL)
  • Attanasio, Orazio P., Paiella, Monica. Intertemporal consumption choices, transaction costs and limited participation in financial markets: Reconciling data and theory. Journal of Applied Econometrics.26, (2), 322-343.2011.
    • ID: 10.1002/jae.1154 (DOI)
  • Fisher, Jonathan D., Marchand, Joseph. Does the Retirement Consumption Puzzle Differ Across the Distribution?. Center for Economic Studies Working Papers.CES 11-09, Washington, DC: Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau. 2011.
    • ID: http://www.ces.census.gov/index.php/ces/cespapers?down_key=101952 (URL)
  • Garner, Thesia I., Short, Kathleen S.. Identifying the poor: Poverty measurement for the U.S. from 1996 to 2005. Review of Income and Wealth.56, (2), 237-258.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1475-4991.2009.00374.x (DOI)
  • Gervais, Martin, Klein, Paul. Measuring consumption smoothing in CEX data. Journal of Monetary Economics.57, (8), 988-999.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2010.08.009 (DOI)
  • Heathcote, Jonathan, Perri, Fabrizio, Violante, Giovanni L.. Unequal we stand: An empirical analysis of economic inequality in the United States, 1967-2006. Review of Economic Dynamics.13, (1), 15-51.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.red.2009.10.010 (DOI)
  • Gelber, Alexander M., Mitchell, Joshua W.. Taxes and Time Allocation: Evidence from Single Women. NBER Working Paper Series.15583, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w15583.pdf (URL)
  • Primiceri, Giorgio E., van Rens, Thijs. Heterogeneous life-cycle profiles, income risk and consumption inequality. Journal of Monetary Economics.56, (1), 20-39.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2008.10.001 (DOI)
  • Polkovnichenko, Nataliya. Empirical Tests of Consumption-Based Asset Pricing Models Using Household-Level Consumption Data. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 2008.
  • Stephens, Melvin, Jr.. The consumption response to predictable changes in discretionary income: Evidence from the repayment of vehicle loans. Review of Economics and Statistics.90, (2), 241-252.2008.
    • ID: 10.1162/rest.90.2.241 (DOI)
  • Ding, Li. United States Households Consumption, a Comprehensive Analysis. Dissertation, University of Maryland-College Park. 2007.
  • Heim, Bradley T.. The effect of tax rebates on consumption expenditures: Evidence from state tax rebates. National Tax Journal.60, (4), 685-710.2007.
  • James, Russell N., III, Sharpe, Deanna L.. Is time running out? Savings and investments of renters nearing retirement age. Financial Counseling and Planning.18, (2), 61-75.2007.
  • Rajeev, Dehejia, Thomas, Deleire, Erzo, Luttmer F P. Insuring consumption and happiness through religious organizations. Journal of Public Economics.91, (1-2), 259-279.2007.
  • Krueger, Dirk, Perri, Fabrizio. Does income inequality lead to consumption inequality? Evidence and theory. Review of Economic Studies.73, (254), 163-193.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-937X.2006.00373.x (DOI)
  • LaLumia, Sara M.. Household Responses to Tax and Spending Policies. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 2006.
  • DeLeire, Thomas, Kalil, Ariel. How do cohabiting couples with children spend their money?. Journal of Marriage and Family.67, (2), 286-295.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0022-2445.2005.00116.x (DOI)
  • Dehejia, Rajeev, DeLeire, Thomas, Luttmer, Erzo F.P.. Insuring Consumption and Happiness Through Religious Organizations. Faculty Research Working Paper Series.RWP05-047, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government. 2005.
    • ID: http://ksgnotes1.harvard.edu/Research/wpaper.nsf/rwp/RWP05-047/$File/rwp%5F05%5F047%5Fluttmer.pdf (URL)
  • Dehejia, Rajeev, Deleire, Thomas, Luttmer, Erzo FP. Insuring Consumption and Happiness through Religious Organizations. NBER Working Paper No. 11576.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w11576 (URL)
  • Garner, Thesia I., Short, Kathleen. Economic Well-being Based on Income, Consumer Expenditures and Personal Assessments of Minimum Needs. BLS Working Papers.381, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.bls.gov/ore/pdf/ec050070.pdf (URL)
  • Busch, Susan H., Jofre-Bonet, Mireia, Falba, Tracy A., Sindelar, Jody L.. Burning a hole in the budget: Tobacco spending and its crowd-out of other goods. Applied Health Economics and Health Policy.3, (4), 263-272.2004.
    • ID: 10.2165/00148365-200403040-00009 (DOI)
  • Fan, Jessie X., Zick, Cathleen D.. The economic burden of health care, funeral, and burial expenditures at the end of life. Journal of Consumer Affairs.38, (1), 35-55.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.2004.tb00464.x (DOI)
  • Plassmann, Vandana S., Norton, Marjorie J.T.. Child-adult expenditure allocation by ethnicity. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal.33, (1), 475-497.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077727X04266694 (DOI)
  • Salim, Juma K.. Expenditure Patterns Within an Occupational Group: Teachers and Non-Teachers. Dissertation, Texas Tech University. 2004.
  • Weagley, Robert O., Huh, Eunjeong. Leisure expenditures of retired and near-retired households. Journal of Leisure Research.36, (1), 101-127.2004.
  • Weagley, Robert O., Huh, Eunjeong. The impact of retirement on household leisure expenditures. Journal of Consumer Affairs.38, (2), 262-281.2004.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.2004.tb00868.x (DOI)
  • Fan, Jessie X., Sharpe, Deanna L., Hong, Gong-Soog. Health care and prescription drug spending by seniors. Monthly Labor Review.126, (3), 16-26.2003.
  • Norum, Pamela S., Lee, Keum-Kyu, Sharpe, Deanna L.. Analysis of home furnishings expenditures in the USA during the 1990s. Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management.6, (3), 223-239.2002.
    • ID: 10.1108/13612020210441337 (DOI)
  • Vissing-Jørgensen, Annette. Limited asset market participation and the elasticity of intertemporal substitution. Journal of Political Economy.110, (4), 825-853.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/340782 (DOI)
  • Bils, Mark, Klenow, Peter J.. Quantifying quality growth. American Economic Review.91, (4), 1006-1030.2001.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.91.4.1006 (DOI)
  • (author unknown). Spending more on eating out. USA Today.1A -2000.
  • Barrow, Lisa, McGranahan, Leslie. The effects of the earned income credit on the seasonality of household expenditures. National Tax Journal.53, (4), 1211-1243.2000.
  • Fan, Jessie X.. Linking consumer debt and consumer expenditures: Do borrowers spend money differently?. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal.28, (3), 357-400.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077727X00283004 (DOI)
  • Hong, Gong-Soog, Kim, Soo Yeon. Out-of-Pocket Health Care Expenditure Patterns and Financial Burden Across the Life Cycle Stages. Journal of Consumer Affairs.34, (2), 2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-6606.2000.tb00095.x (DOI)
  • Tacchino, Kenn, Saltzman, Cynthia. Do accumulation models overstate what's needed to retire?. Journal of Financial Planning.12, (2), 62-73.1999.
  • Berndt, Ernst R., Cockburn, Iain M., Cocks, Douglas L., Epstein, Arnold M., Griliches, Zvi. Prescription drug prices for the elderly. Monthly Labor Review.121, (9), 23-34.1998.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1998/09/art3full.pdf (URL)
  • Binsburg, Paul B., Gabel, Jon R.. Tracking health care costs: What's new in 1998?. Health Affairs.17, (5), 141-146.1998.
    • ID: 10.1377/hlthaff.17.5.141 (DOI)
  • Paulin, Geoffrey D.. A growing market: Expenditures by Hispanic consumers. Monthly Labor Review.121, (3), 3-21.1998.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1998/03/art1full.pdf (URL)
  • Pebley, Anne R.. Demography and the environment. Demography.35, (4), 377-389.1998.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3004008 (URL)
  • Crispell, Diane. People patterns: Single-person households spend far more per capita than average. Wall Street Journal.B, 5C:4 -1997.
  • Crispell, Diane. Where the big bucks go. American Demographics.19, (4), 25-26.1997.
  • Edmondson, Brad. Who gets the toys?. American Demographics.19, (12), 12-13.1997.
  • Francese, Peter. The new homemakers. American Demographics.60 -1997.
  • Francese, Peter K.. Big spenders. American Demographics.19, (8), 51-57.1997.
  • Miller, Berna. Married, no kids. American Demographics.19, (4), 28-29.1997.
  • Moulton, Brent R., Moses, Karin E., Gordon, Robert J.. Addressing the quality change issue in the consumer price index. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.(1), 305-366.1997.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2534705 (URL)
  • New Strategist Editors. Household Spending: Who Spends How Much on What? 4th Edition. Ithaca, NY: New Strategist Publications. 1997.
  • Niemira, Michael P.. Who is driving consumer demand? A look at spending by major income groups. Chain Store Age.73, (6), 24 -1997.
  • Russell, Cheryl. The ungraying of America. American Demographics.19, (7), 12-15.1997.
  • Russell, Cheryl. What spending spree?. American Demographics.19, (9), 14-18.1997.
  • Wolf, Alan E.. Spending on home rises $200 mil.. Home Textiles Today.18, (42), 1-22+.1997.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics (1998): Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1995: Interview Survey and Detailed Expenditure Files. Archival Version. Consumer Expenditure Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02264