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SHERFACS: A Cross-Paradigm, Hierarchical, and Contextually-Sensitive International Conflict Dataset, 1937-1985

Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
  • Sherman, Frank L.
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
conflict resolution; crisis management; international conflict; world politics
  • Abstract

    The SHERFACS data collection measures political conflict from 1937 through 1985 and identifies some 700 international disputes and 1,000 domestic quarrels. SHERFACS is the culmination of a long line of quantitative studies of international conflict management (the name SHERFACS derives from the name of the principal investigator, Sherman, and the initials of the collaborators on a predecessor dataset: Farris, Alker, Carley, and Sherman). Beginning with the work of Ernst Haas, efforts have been made to expand the focus of conflict management studies to a larger set of management agents and issues. SHERFACS has expanded the study of conflict management in highly significant ways: it models the internal conflict dynamics of escalation and de-escalation (Part 1, Case Overview Data, and Part 2, Phase Structure Data), identifies specific categories of actor behavior (Part 3, Party Actions Within Phases Data), relates the referral or agenda processes of conflict management agents (Part 4, Referrals to Management Agents Data), and specifies the actions taken by the management agents (Part 5, Management Agent Actions Data). An important addition is the inclusion of conflicts that have been considered to be essentially domestic in origin. SHERFACS provides an attempt to enfold the micro-measurement of traditional events datasets within a framework that is contextually sensitive to narrative presentation. The SHERFACS project updates and expands an earlier data collection effort, INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT EPISODES, 1945-1979 (ICPSR 8303).
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Case Overview Data
    • DS2: Phase Structure Data
    • DS3: Party Actions Within Phases Data
    • DS4: Referrals to Management Agents Data
    • DS5: Management Agent Actions Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1937 / 1985
    Time period: 1937--1985
  • 1987 / 1995
    Collection date: 1987--1995
Geographic Coverage
  • Global
Sampled Universe
Conflict episodes in the international political system during 1937-1985.
Collection Mode
  • The data files are comma-delimited.

    This collection contains a large number of data/documentation discrepancies that ICPSR could not resolve. The principal investigator was still working on this data collection when he died in 1995.

2006-01-18 File CB2292.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. National Science Foundation (NSF: SES90-25130).
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2292 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02292.v1
  • Eyerman, Joe, Hart, Robert A., Jr.. An Empirical Test of the Audience Cost Proposition: Democracy Speaks Louder than Words. Journal of Conflict Resolution.40, (4), 597-616.1996.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022002796040004004 (DOI)
  • Sherman, Frank L.. SHERFACS: A cross-paradigm, hierarchical, and contextually sensitive conflict management data set. International Relations.20, 79-100.1994.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Sherman, Frank L. (2000): SHERFACS: A Cross-Paradigm, Hierarchical, and Contextually-Sensitive International Conflict Dataset, 1937-1985. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.