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Washington, DC, Metropolitan Area Drug Study (DC*MADS), 1991: Homeless and Transient Population

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1998-04-28
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrests; cocaine; crack cocaine; demographic characteristics; drug abuse; drug related crimes; drug use; drugs; employment; hallucinogens; health insurance; heroin; homeless persons; inhalants; living arrangements; marijuana; mental health; mental health treatment; methamphetamines; physical health; population characteristics; pregnancy; prescription drugs; sedatives; smoking; stimulants; substance abuse treatment; urban population; substance abuse treatment; urban population
Description
  • Abstract

    The DC Metropolitan Area Drug Study (DC*MADS) was conducted in 1991, and included special analyses of homeless and transient populations and of women delivering live births in the DC hospitals. DC*MADS was undertaken to assess the full extent of the drug problem in one metropolitan area. The study was comprised of 16 separate studies that focused on different sub-groups, many of which are typically not included or are underrepresented in household surveys. The Homeless and Transient Population study examines the prevalence of illicit drug, alcohol, and tobacco use among members of the homeless and transient population aged 12 and older in the Washington, DC, Metropolitan Statistical Area (DC MSA). The sample frame included respondents from shelters, soup kitchens and food banks, major cluster encampments, and literally homeless people. Data from the questionnaires include history of homelessness, living arrangements and population movement, tobacco, drug, and alcohol use, consequences of use, treatment history, illegal behavior and arrest, emergency room treatment and hospital stays, physical and mental health, pregnancy, insurance, employment and finances, and demographics. Drug specific data include age at first use, route of administration, needle use, withdrawal symptoms, polysubstance use, and perceived risk.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Standardized missing values.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The institutional response rate (i.e., for shelters and soup kitchens) was 82.6 percent. The individual interview response rate was 86.1 percent. The overall response rate was 71 percent.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: (Washington) DC Metropolitan Area Drug Study (DC*MADS), 1991: Homeless and Transient Population
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1991
  • 1991-01 / 1991-06
    Collection date: 1991-01--1991-06
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 12 and older in the DC MSA who were either literally homeless or at imminent risk of becoming homeless, including persons who spent the previous night in an emergency shelter, in a nondomicile (e.g., vacant building, city park, car, or on the street) or who were using soup kitchens or emergency food banks.
Sampling
The Homeless and Transient Population study consisted of 908 interviews from four overlapping sampling frames: 477 interviews with residents in 93 shelters, 224 interviews with patrons of 31 soup kitchens and food banks, 143 interviews with "literally homeless" people from 18 major cluster encampments, and 64 interviews with literally homeless people from an area probability sample of 432 census blocks in the MSA. People who were cognitively impaired and could not complete the interview were excluded from the survey. Impairment was defined as extreme intoxification or scoring more than nine on the Short Blessed Exam (Katzman, Brown, Fuld, Peck, Schecter, and Schimmel, 1983).
Collection Mode
  • Produced by Research Triangle Institute in Research Triangle Park, NC.

Note
2008-07-24 New files were added. These files included one or more of the following: Stata setup, SAS transport (CPORT), SPSS system, Stata system, SAS supplemental syntax, and Stata supplemental syntax files, and a tab-delimited ASCII data file. Also, the CASEID variable has been added to the dataset.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2346 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02346.v1
Publications
  • Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. Homelessness: A Data-Driven Learning Guide. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: 10.3886/homelessness (DOI)
  • CSR Incorporated. Alcohol Epidemiologic Data Directory. Arlington, VA: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2007.
    • ID: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/2007DataDirectory/2007%20Data%20Directory.pdf (URL)
  • Bray, Robert M.. The Washington, DC, Metropolitan Area Drug Study. Drug Use in Metropolitan America.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 1999.
  • Bray, Robert M., Marsden, Mary Ellen. Drug Use in Metropolitan America. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. 1999.
  • Bray, Robert M., Marsden, Mary Ellen. Implications of findings for policy and research. Drug Use in Metropolitan America.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 1999.
  • Bray, Robert M., Marsden, Mary Ellen, Vincus, Amy A.. Impact of drug use in metropolitan America. Drug Use in Metropolitan America.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 1999.
  • Dennis, Michael L., Bray, Robert M., Iachan, Ronaldo, Thornberry, Jutta. Drug use and homelessness. Drug Use in Metropolitan America.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. 1999.
  • Lambert, E.Y., Caces, M.F.. Correlates of drug abuse among homeless and transient people in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area in 1991. Public Health Reports.110, (4), 455-461.1995.
  • (author unknown). Prevalence of Drug Use in the DC Metropolitan Area Institutionalized Population, 1991. Technical Report.4, Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1994.
  • (author unknown). Prevalence of Drug Use in the Washington, DC, Metropolitan Area Homeless and Transient Population, 1991. Technical Report.2, Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1993.
  • Iachan, Ronaldo, Dennis, Michael L.. A multiple frame approach to sampling the homeless and transient population. Journal of Official Statistics.9, (4), 747-764.1993.
  • Dennis, Michael L.. Drug use and the severity of homelessness. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior.42, (2), 369-370.1992.
  • Lambert, E.Y.. Overview of the Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area Drug Study (DC*MADS). Epidemiologic Trends in Drug Abuse Proceedings: December 1991.Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 1991.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse (1998): Washington, DC, Metropolitan Area Drug Study (DC*MADS), 1991: Homeless and Transient Population. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02346