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Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (8th- and 10th-Grade Surveys), 1996

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Johnston, Lloyd D. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Bachman, Jerald G. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Schulenberg, John (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series
Publication Date
1999-08-20
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Language
English
Free Keywords
adolescents; attitudes; demographic characteristics; drug use; elementary school students; family life; junior high school students; lifestyles; social behavior; social change; values
Description
  • Abstract

    These surveys of 8th- and 10th-grade students are part of a series that explores changes in important values, behaviors, and lifestyle orientations of contemporary American youth. Students in each grade are randomly assigned to complete one of two questionnaires, each with a different subset of topical questions but containing a set of 'core' questions on demographics and drug use. There are about 300 variables across the questionnaires. Drugs covered by this survey include amphetamines (stimulants), barbiturates (tranquilizers), other prescription drugs, tobacco, alcohol, inhalants, steroids, Rohypnol, MDMA, marijuana, hashish, LSD, hallucinogens, cocaine, crack, and injection drugs such as heroin.
  • Methods

    Each of the four parts contains a weight variable, V5. They were originally varied by school but modified to protect respondent confidentiality. Use the weight variable for all analyses, the results of which will differ slightly from published data tables that used original data.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The student response rates for the 1996 8th- and 10th-grade surveys were 90.5 percent and 87.1 percent, respectively.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 8th Grade, Form 1 Data
    • DS2: 8th Grade, Form 2 Data
    • DS3: 10th Grade, Form 1 Data
    • DS4: 10th Grade, Form 2 Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1996
  • Collection date: 1996
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Enrolled 8th- and 10th-grade students in the contiguous United States.
Sampling
Multistage area probability sample design involving three selection stages: (1) geographic areas or primary sampling units (PSUs), (2) schools (or linked groups of schools) within PSUs, and (3) students within sampled schools. Separate samples were drawn for each grade. Of the 80 PSUs, 8 were selected with certainty and 72 were selected with probability proportionate to size based on the size of the 8th- (or 10th-) grade class in each school. In schools with more than 400 8th (or 10th) graders, a random sample of students or classes was drawn. In schools with less than 400 8th (or 10th) graders, all students were asked to participate. Each sampled school was asked to participate for two years, so that each year one-half of the sample is replaced. Schools refusing participation were replaced with similar schools in terms of geographic location, size, and type of school (e.g., public, private/Catholic, private/non-Catholic). For the 8th-grade survey, schools with less than 15 8th graders were excluded from the sample. For the 10th-grade survey, schools with less than 25 10th graders were excluded. The participation rate among schools has been between 66 and 80 percent since the inception of the study.
Collection Mode
  • on-site questionnaire

    To protect the anonymity of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been collapsed or recoded in the public use files. These modifications should not affect analytic uses of the public use files.

    MTF does not release detailed geography codes in its public use files because of the disclosure risk it would cause. The MTF sample is drawn to generate representative samples of the four Census Bureau regions of the country (Northeast, Midwest, South, and West), but it does not generate representative samples of smaller geographic areas such as states, counties, or cities. For additional information about data that is withheld from the public use files please contact MTF directly at mtfinformation@umich.edu.

Note
2006-03-06 The data producer resupplied data to correct variable V4 for all four parts. The problem corrected was that some of the respondent ID numbers were not unique across forms.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse (DA01411-23).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2350 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02350.v1
Publications
  • Bachman, J.G., Staff, J., O'Malley, P.M., Freedman-Doan, P.. Adolescent work intensity, school performance, and substance use: Links vary by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Developmental Psychology.1-10.2013.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0031464 (DOI)
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the United States, 1991-2011. Surveillance Report #96.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System . 2013.
    • ID: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/surveillance96/Underage11.pdf (URL)
  • Tauras, John A., Huang, Jidong, Chaloupka, Frank J.. Differential impact of tobacco control policies on youth sub-populations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.10, (9), 4306-4322.2013.
    • ID: 10.3390/ijerph10094306 (DOI)
  • Bell, Bethany A., Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J., Ferron, John M., Jiao, Qun, Hibbard, Susan T., Kromrey, Jeffrey D.. Use of design effects and sample weights in complex health survey data: A review of published articles using data from 3 commonly used adolescent health surveys. American Journal of Public Health.102, (7), 1399-1405.2012.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300398 (DOI)
  • Dever, B.V., Schulenberg, J.E., Dworkin, J.B., O'Malley, P.M., Kloska, D.D., Bachman, J.G.. Predicting risk-taking with and without substance use: The effects of parental monitoring, school bonding, and sports participation. Prevention Science.13, (6), 605-615.2012.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-012-0288-z (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2011: Volume I, Secondary School Students. 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/mtf-vol1_2011.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Illicit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2011. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 77.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/mtf-occ77.pdf (URL)
  • Keyes, K.M., Schulenberg, J.E., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D., Bachman, J.G., Li, G., Hasin, D.. Birth cohort effects on adolescent alcohol use: The influence of social norms from 1976 to 2007. Archives of General Psychiatry.69, (12), 1304-1313.2012.
    • ID: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2012.787 (DOI)
  • Barua, Rashmi, Vidal-Fernandez, Marian. No Pass No Drive: Education and Allocation of Time. Working Paper Series.. 2011.
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Williams, Gerald D., Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the United States, 1991-2009. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2011.
    • ID: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/surveillance91/Underage09.pdf (URL)
  • Francis, Shelley A.. Using a framework to explore associations between parental substance use and the health outcomes of their adolescent children. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse.20, (1), 1-14.2011.
    • ID: 10.1080/1067828X.2010.517736 (DOI)
  • Garland, Eric L., Howard, Matthew O., Vaughn, Michael G., Perron, Brian E.. Volatile substance misuse in the United States. Substance Use and Misuse.46, (S1), 8-20.2011.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826084.2011.580172 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O’Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975–2010. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 74.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2011.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/mtf-occ74.pdf (URL)
  • Katel, Peter. Teen drug use: Do weaker drug laws encourage youths to try pot?. CQ Researcher.21, (21), 481-504.2011.
  • Keyes, Katherine M., Schulenberg, John E., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Bachman, Jerald G., Li, Guohua, Hasin, Deborah. The social norms of birth cohorts and adolescent marijuana use in the United States, 1976-2007. Addiction.106, (10), 1790-1800.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03485.x (DOI)
  • Maxwell, Jane Carlisle. The prescription drug epidemic in the United States: A perfect storm. Drug and Alcohol Review.30, (3), 264-270.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00291.x (DOI)
  • Syvertsen, Amy K., Wray-Lake, Laura, Flanagan, Constance A., Osgood, D. Wayne, Briddell, Laine. Thirty-year trends in U.S. adolescents' civic engagement: A story of changing participation and educational differences. Journal of Research on Adolescence.21, (3), 586-594.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00706.x (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Yvonne, Emery, Sherry, Szczypka, Glen, Johnston, Lloyd D.. Potential exposure to anti-drug advertising and drug-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among United States youth, 1995–2006. Addictive Behaviors.36, (1-2), 116-124.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.09.005 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Freedman-Doan, Peter, Trzesniewski, Kali H., Donnellan, M. Brent. Adolescent self-esteem: Differences by race/ethnicity, gender, and age. Self and Identity.2010.
    • ID: 10.1080/15298861003794538 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O’Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975–2009. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 73.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2010.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ73.pdf (URL)
  • Nelson, Jon P.. What is learned from longitudinal studies of advertising and youth drinking and smoking? A critical assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.7, (3), 870-926.2010.
    • ID: 10.3390/ijerph7030870 (DOI)
  • Patrick, Megan E., Schulenberg, John E.. Alcohol use and heavy episodic drinking prevalence and predictors among national samples of American eighth- and tenth-grade students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.71, (1), 41-45.2010.
  • Staff, J., Schulenberg, J.E.. Millennials and the world of work: Experiences in paid work during adolescence. Journal of Business and Psychology.25, (2), 247-255.2010.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10869-010-9167-4 (DOI)
  • Trzesniewski, Kali H., Donnellan, M. Brent. Rethinking 'Generation Me': A study of cohort effects from 1976-2006. Perspectives on Psychological Science.5, (1), 58-75.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1745691609356789 (DOI)
  • Twenge, Jean M., Campbell, W. Keith. Birth cohort differences in the Monitoring the Future dataset and elsewhere: Further evidence for Generation Me—Commentary on Trzesniewski & Donnellan (2010). Perspectives on Psychological Science.5, (1), 81-88.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1745691609357015 (DOI)
  • Tworek, C., Yamaguchi, R., Kloska, D.D., Emery, S., Barker, D.C., Giovino, G.A., O'Malley, P.M., Chaloupka, F.J.. State-level tobacco control policies and youth smoking cessation measures. Health Policy.97, (2-3), 136-144.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2010.04.009 (DOI)
  • Zhong, Hua, Schwartz, Jennifer. Exploring gender-specific trends in underage drinking across adolescent age groups and measures of drinking: Is girls' drinking catching up with boys'?. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.39, (8), 911-926.2010.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-009-9413-0 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Study findings from University of Michigan provide new insights into behavior. Women's Health Weekly.1082009.
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the U.S., 1991-2007. Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System Surveillance Reports #86.Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2009.
  • Clarke, Philippa, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E., Lantz, Paula. Differential trends in weight-related health behaviors among American young adults by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status: 1984-2006. American Journal of Public Health.99, (10), 18932009.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2008.141317 (DOI)
  • Goodkind, Sara, Wallace, John M., Shook, Jeffrey J., Bachman, Jerald, O'Malley, Patrick. Are girls really becoming more delinquent? Testing the gender convergence hypothesis by race and ethnicity, 1976–2005. Children and Youth Services Review.31, (8), 885-895.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2009.04.002 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2008. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 71.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ71.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2008. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH-PUB-09-7402, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2008.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future: National Survey on Drug Use, 1975-2008: Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. No. 09-7403, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Us, 1975-2008: Volume II, College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
  • Sargent, James D., Heatherton, Todd F.. Comparison of trends for adolescent smoking and smoking in movies, 1990-2007. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.301, (21), 2211-2213.2009.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.2009.745 (DOI)
  • The White House. National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement 2009. NCJ 225448, Washington, DC: Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs09/ndcs09_data_supl/09datasupplement.pdf (URL)
  • Wallace, John M., Jr., Vaughn, Michael G., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E.. Race/ethnicity, socioeconomic factors, and smoking among early adolescent girls in the United States. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.104, (1), S42-S49.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.06.007 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Tobacco hits lowest rate since survey began 33 years ago. Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly.1-3.2008.
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2007. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 69.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ69.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2007. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH-PUB-08-6418A, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2007.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2007. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NIH-PUB-08-6418B, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2007.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, P., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Revisiting Marriage Effects on Substance Use among Young Adults. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 68.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ68.pdf (URL)
  • Hua, Lv, Braddock, Jomills Henry, II. School sports and adolescent steroid use: National trends and race-ethnic variations. Challenge: A Journal of Research on African American Men.14, (2), 29-49.2008.
  • Nelson, David E, Mowery, Paul, Asman, Kat, Pederson, Linda L, O'Malley, Patrick M, Malarcher, Ann, Maibach, Edward W, Pechacek, Terry F. Long-term trends in adolescent and young adult smoking in the United States: metapatterns and implications. American Journal of Public Health.98, (5), 905-915.2008.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.115931 (DOI)
  • Pampel, Fred C.. Differences in the influence of family background and social activities on smoking of minority and white high school seniors, 1976-2004. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.10, (6), 507-515.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10903-008-9139-1 (DOI)
  • Russell, Jen. Research of Note. Youth Today.17, (7), 312008.
  • Serwach, Joe. More good news on teen smoking: Rates at or near record lows. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.ns.umich.edu/htdocs/releases/story.php?id=6881 (URL)
  • The White House. National Drug Control Strategy. Data Supplement 2008.NCJ 221951, Washington, DC: Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs08_data_supl/ndcs_suppl08.pdf (URL)
  • Wallace, J.M., Jr., Goodkind, S.A., Wallace, C.M., Bachman, J.G.. Racial, ethnic, and gender differences in school discipline among U.S. high school students: 1991-2005. Negro Educational Review.59, (1-2), 47-62.2008.
  • Wood, Ruth I.. Anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence? Insights from animals and humans. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology.29, (4), 490-506.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.yfrne.2007.12.002 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, P., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D, Messersmith, E.E.. Education drug use relationships: An examination of racial/ethnic subgroups. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 66.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2007.
  • Beauvais, Fred, Thurman, Pamela Jumper, Burnside, Martha, Plested, Barbara. Prevalence of American Indian adolescent tobacco use: 1993-2004. Substance Use and Misuse.42, (4), 591-601.2007.
    • ID: 10.1080/10826080701202171 (DOI)
  • Bennett, Stephanie A.. Have We Really Come a Long Way? Looking at the Difference in Gender Expectations in the Future Kids of America Study 1976, 1996, and 2004. Southern Sociological Society.Atlanta, GA. 2007.
  • Carpenter, Christopher S., Kloska, Deborah D., O'Malley, Patrick, Johnston, Lloyd. Alcohol control policies and youth alcohol consumption: Evidence from 28 years of Monitoring the Future. B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy.7, (1), 2007.
    • ID: http://www.bepress.com/bejeap/vol7/iss1/art25 (URL)
  • Delva, Jorge, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Health-related behaviors and overweight: A study of Latino adolescents in the United States of America. Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica / Pan American Journal of Public Health.21, (1), 11-20.2007.
    • ID: 10.1590/S1020-49892007000100002 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2006. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 67.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2007.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2006. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH Publication No. 07-6205.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2006. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NIH Publication No. 07-6206.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Use. Overview of Key Findings, 2006. NIH Publication No. 07-6202.Bethesda, MD: United States Department of of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview2006.pdf (URL)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Delva, Jorge, Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Variation in obesity among American secondary school students by school and school characteristics. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.33, (4, Suppl), S187-S194.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.amepre.2007.07.001 (DOI)
  • Saffer, Henry, Wakefield, Melanie, Terry-McElrath, Yvonne. The Effect of Nicotine Replacement Therapy Advertising on Youth Smoking. NBER Working Paper Series.12964, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2007.
  • Arria, Amelia M., Wish, Eric D.. Nonmedical use of prescription stimulants among students. Pediatric Annals.35, (8), 565-571.2006.
  • Delva, Jorge, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status differences in overweight and health-related behaviors among American students: National trends 1986-2003. Journal of Adolescent Health.39, (4), 536-545.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2006.02.013 (DOI)
  • Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in initiation of alcohol use in the United States 1975 to 2003 . Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.30, (6), 1011-1022.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2006.00115.x (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Demographic subgroup trends for various licit and illicit drugs, 1975-2005 . Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 63.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ63.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2005. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 63.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2006.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ63.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2005. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NCJ 291001, Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2005.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2005. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NCJ 219002, Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2005.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2005. Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview2005.pdf (URL)
  • National Institute of Drug Abuse. High School & Youth Trends. NIDA InfoFacts.Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.nida.nih.gov/pdf/infofacts/HSYouthTrends06.pdf (URL)
  • Nelson, David E., Mowery, Paul, Tomar, Scott, Marcus, Stephen, Giovino, Gary, Zhao, Luhua. Trends in smokeless tobacco use among adults and adolescents in the United States. American Journal of Public Health.96, (5), 897-905.2006.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.061580 (DOI)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E., Kumar, Revathy. How substance use differs among American secondary schools. Prevention Science.7, (4), 409-420.2006.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-006-0050-5 (DOI)
  • Pilgrim, Colleen C., Schulenberg, John E., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Mediators and moderators of parental involvement on substance use: a national study of adolescents. Prevention Science.7, (1), 75-89.2006.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-005-0019-9 (DOI)
  • Saffer, Henry, Dave, Dhaval. Alcohol advertising and alcohol consumption by adolescents. Health Economics.15, (6), 617-637.2006.
    • ID: 10.1002/hec.1091 (DOI)
  • Sloboda, Zili. Chapter 12: Forging a relationship between drug abuse epidemiology and drug abuse prevention. Handbook of Drug Abuse Prevention: Theory, Science, and Practice.New York: Springer. 2006.
    • ID: 10.1007/0-387-35408-5_12 (DOI)
  • Wish, Eric D., Fitzelle, Dawn Bonanno, O'Grady, Kevin E., Hsu, Margaret H., Arria, Amelia M.. Evidence for significant polydrug use among ecstasy-using college students. Journal of American College Health.55, (2), 99-104.2006.
    • ID: 10.3200/JACH.55.2.99-104 (DOI)
  • Deibert, Gini Rene. Teens, Drugs, and Delinquency: A Partial Test of American Institutional Explanations of Crime. Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin. 2005.
  • Delva, Jorge, Wallace, John M., Jr., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E.. The epidemiology of alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine use among Mexican American, Puerto Rican, Cuban American, and other Latin American eighth-grade students in the United States: 1991-2002. American Journal of Public Health.95, (4), 696-702.2005.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2003.037051 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2004. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 61.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2005.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ61.pdf (URL)
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  • Tauras, John A., Chaloupka, Frank J., Farrelly, Matthew C., Giovino, Gary A., Wakefield, Melanie, Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Kloska, Deborah D., Pechacek, Terry F.. State tobacco control spending and youth smoking. American Journal of Public Health.95, (2), 338-344.2005.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.039727 (DOI)
  • Coggeshall, Mark B., Kingery, Paul M., Berg, Kathleen F.. Improving the accuracy of school violence surveys. Appraisal and Prediction of School Violence: Methods, Issues, and Contents.Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.. 2004.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2003. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 60.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2004.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ60.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Safron, D.J., Sy, S.R., Schulenberg, John E.. Wishing to work: New perspectives on how adolescents' part-time work intensity is linked to educational disengagement, substance use, and other problem behaviours. International Journal of Behavioral Development.27, (4), 301-315.2003.
    • ID: 10.1080/01650250244000281 (DOI)
  • Goode, Erich. A Crack in an Invariant Relationship? Age and Drug Use, 1991-2001. . 2003.
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    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ59.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2003. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2003.pdf (URL)
  • Smith, Christian, Faris, Robert, Denton, Melinda Lundquist, Regnerus, Mark. Mapping American adolescent subjective religiosity and attitudes of alienation toward religion: A research report. Sociology of Religion.64, (1), 111-133.2003.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3712271 (URL)
  • Wallace, J.M., Jr., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Cooper, S.M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Gender and ethnic differences in smoking, drinking, and illicit drug use among American 8th, 10th and 12th grade students, 1976-2000. Addiction.98, 225-234.2003.
    • ID: 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2003.00282.x (DOI)
  • Garlow, Steven J.. Age, gender, and ethnic differences in patterns of cocaine and ethanol use preceding suicide. American Journal of Psychiatry.159, (4), 615-619.2002.
    • ID: 10.1176/appi.ajp.159.4.615 (DOI)
  • Hallfors, Denise, Vevea, Jack L., Iritani, Bonita, Cho, HyunSan, et al. Truancy, grade point average, and sexual activity: A meta-analysis of risk indicators for youth substance use. Journal of School Health.72, (5), 205-211.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2002.tb06548.x (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Demographic subgroup trends for various licit and illicit drugs, 1975-2001. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 57.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2002.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ57.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2001. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-40. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2002.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2001.pdf (URL)
  • Wallace, J.M., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E., Cooper, S.M.. Tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use: Racial and ethnic differences among U.S. high school seniors, 1976-2000. Public Health Reports.117, (Supplement 1), S67-S75.2002.
  • Wallace, John M., Jr., Muroff, Jordana R.. Preventing substance abuse among African American children and youth: Race differences in risk factor exposure and vulnerability. Journal of Primary Prevention.22, (3), 235-261.2002.
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  • Bachman, J.G., Safron, D.J., Sy, S.R., Schulenberg, J.E.. Preferred Work Intensity of Secondary School Students: New Findings and Insights on Why Part-Time Work Intensity Correlates with Drug Use and Problem Behavior. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 48.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2001.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ48.pdf (URL)
  • Brown, T.N., Schulenberg, J., Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Consistency and Change in Correlates of Youth Substance Use, 1976-1997. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 49.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2001.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ49.pdf (URL)
  • Fowler, Floyd J., Jr., Stringfellow, Vickie L.. Learning from experience: Estimating teen uses of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana from three survey protocols. Journal of Drug Issues.31, (3), 643-664.2001.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2000. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 53.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2001.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ53.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2001. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 57.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2001.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ57.pdf (URL)
  • Safron, Deborah J., Schulenberg, John, Bachman, Jerald G.. Part-time and hurried adolescence: The links among work intensity, social activities, health behaviors, and substance use. Journal of Health and Social Behavior.42, (4), 425-449.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3090188 (URL)
  • Yanovitzky, Itzhak, Stryker, Jo. Mass media, social norms, and health promotion efforts: A longitudinal study of media effects on youth binge drinking. Communication Research.28, (2), 208-239.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/009365001028002004 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-1999. Volume I: Secondary School Students. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2000.
  • Pilgrim, C., Schulenberg, J., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Johnston, L.D.. Mediators of Parental Influences on Adolescent Substance Use: Grade, Gender, and Ethnic Comparisons (1994-1996). Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 47.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2000.
  • Benda, Brent B.. Testing the problem syndrome among young males in boot camp: Use of theoretical elaboration with reciprocal relationships. Social Work Research.23, (1), 28-41.1999.
    • ID: 10.1093/swr/23.1.28 (DOI)
  • Jones, Susan K., Kern, Carolyn W. Kelpe. Substance use and abuse on the college campus: Problems and solutions. College Student Affairs Journal.18, (2), 27-34.1999.
  • Segal, David R., Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, Peter, O'Malley, Patrick M.. Propensity to serve in the U.S. military: Temporal trends and subgroup differences. Armed Forces and Society.25, (3), 407-427.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/0095327X9902500304 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Explaining recent increases in students' marijuana use: Impacts of perceived risks and disapproval, 1976 through 1996. American Journal of Public Health.88, (6), 887-892.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.6.887 (DOI)
  • Kent, Christina. Adolescent drug use up, as younger teens experimenting. American Medical News.40, (2), 7 -1997.
  • Yesalis, C.E., Barsukiewicz, C.K., Kopstein, A.N., Bahrke, M.S.. Trends in anabolic-androgenic steroid use among adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.151, (12), 1197-1206.1997.
    • ID: 10.1001/archpedi.1997.02170490023005 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. Monitoring the Future: Questionnaire Responses from the Nation's 8th- and 10th-Grade Students, 1996. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan. 1996.
  • McGinley, Laurie. Marijuana and tobacco use by teens shows sharp increase in new study. Wall Street Journal.(A), 11 -1996.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Johnston, Lloyd D.; Bachman, Jerald G.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Schulenberg, John (1999): Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (8th- and 10th-Grade Surveys), 1996. Version 2. Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02350.v2