Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) [United States]: Freshman Survey, 1974

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • University of California-Los Angeles. Graduate School of Education. Higher Education Research Institute
  • American Council on Education
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • American Council on Education
Free Keywords
career choice; college freshmen; colleges; education costs; educational background; higher education; student financial aid; student values; universities
  • Abstract

    The principal purposes of this national longitudinal study of the higher education system in the United States are to describe the characteristics of new college freshmen and to explore the effects of college on students. For each wave of this survey, each student completes a questionnaire during freshman orientation or registration that asks for information on academic skills and preparation, high school activities and experiences, educational and career plans, majors and careers, student values, and financing college. Other questions elicit demographic information, including sex, age, parental education and occupation, household income, race, religious preference, and state of birth. Specific questions asked of respondents in the 1974 survey included students' average grades, year of graduation, place of residence during school year, total expenses, and total income during the previous year. Respondents were also asked to indicate, based on a list of traits, how they compared with average students their own age. Other questions involved students' long-term choice of occupations, their opinions on the importance of various individuals and events in their decision to enroll in college, assessments of achieving certain goals during their college years, and general attitudes about faculty and other students.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1974
  • Collection date: 1974
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All institutions of higher education with entering freshman classes listed in the fall enrollment files of the Higher Education General Information Survey/Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (HEGIS/IPEDS) data collections.
Collection Mode
  • For information on research methodology and weighting, users should consult specific editions of "The American Freshman," a report produced annually by the Graduate School of Education, University of California, Los Angeles. The 1991 edition of this report provides the following summary: "The institutions identified as part of the national population are divided into 37 stratification groups based on institutional race (predominantly white vs. predominantly black), type (two-year college, four-year college, university), control (public, private nonsectarian, Roman Catholic and Protestant) and, for four-year colleges and universities, the selectivity level of the institution (for two-year colleges, enrollment is used in place of selectivity). Selectivity, defined as the average composite SAT score of the entering class, was made an integral part of the stratification design in 1968, and was revised and updated in 1975. Those institutions identified as being part of the Norms [national] sample are then weighted by a two-step procedure. In the first step, the counts of male and female FTFT [first-time full-time] population for each institution are divided by that institution's male and female FTFT respondent count. The resulting weights, when applied, bring the male and female respondent counts up to the corresponding counts for the population of that institution. The weighted counts for all participating institutions in each stratification cell are then summed, and divided into the national male and female FTFT counts for all institutions in that stratification cell. The resulting between-institution weights bring the male and female counts for each stratification cell up to the corresponding national counts for that stratification cell."

2002-08-13 Text regarding selectivity level has been added to the codebook. Funding insitution(s): American Council on Education.
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2404 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Easterlin, Richard A., Crimmins, Eileen M.. American youth are becoming more materialistic. Citizen Politics in Post-Industrial Societies.Boulder, CO: Westview. 1997.
  • Dey, Eric L., Astin, Alexander W., Korn, William S.. The American Freshman: Twenty-five Year Trends, 1966-1990. Los Angeles, CA: Higher Education Research Institute, Graduate School of Education, University of California. 1991.
  • Astin, Alexander W.. Four Critical Years: Effects of College on Beliefs, Attitudes, and Knowledge. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 1978.
  • Astin, Alexander W., King, Margo R., Light, John M., Richardson, Gerald T.. The American Freshman: National Norms for Fall 1974. Los Angeles, CA: Graduate School of Education, University of California. 1974.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15