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National Prosecutors Survey, 1996

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Prosecutors Survey Series
Publication Date
1998-11-16
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
attorneys; case processing; criminal investigations; district attorneys; DNA fingerprinting; evidence; felony courts; felony offenses; juvenile courts; personnel; plea negotiations; policies and procedures; prosecuting attorneys; prosecution; sentencing; state courts; training; treatment programs; trial procedures; victim services
Description
  • Abstract

    The National Survey of Prosecutors is a biennial survey of chief prosecutors in state court systems. A chief prosecutor is an official, usually locally elected and typically with the title of district attorney or county attorney, who is in charge of a prosecutorial district made up of one or more counties, and who conducts or supervises the prosecution of felony cases in a state court system. Prosecutors in courts of limited jurisdiction, such as municipal prosecutors, were not included in the survey. The survey's purpose was to obtain detailed descriptive information on prosecutors' offices, as well as information on their policies and practices. The data collection instrument was based on questions that were included in the NATIONAL PROSECUTORS SURVEY, 1994 (ICPSR 6785), and also added queries on topics of current concern. Variables cover staffing, workload, funding, what type of computer access the office had, whether the office was part of an integrated computerized system with other specific criminal agencies, the use of DNA evidence in plea negotiations of felony trials, which laboratories performed these DNA analyses, juvenile matters, and risks associated with the role of the prosecutor, such as threatening letters or calls, face-to-face assaults, or batter/assaults. The unit of analysis is the district office.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1996-01-01 / 1996-12-31
    Time period: 1996-01-01--1996-12-31
  • 1997-06 / 1997-08
    Collection date: 1997-06--1997-08
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Prosecutorial districts in the United States, usually consisting entirely of one county.
Sampling
A list of all prosecutorial districts that handled felony cases was compiled by the Bureau of the Census from the approximately 3,100 counties and independent cities in the United States (total 2,343). The list consisted of 2,343 prosecutorial districts, 1992 population figures, and 1992 Uniform Crime Reports Part I adult arrest data by county. From this file the Census Bureau drew a stratified systematic sample. The 2,343 prosecutorial districts were grouped into 6 strata, depending on the number of Part I adult arrests in 1992. Within each stratum, districts were systematically selected for the sample. A sample of 308 districts was chosen that is expected to yield a coefficient of variation of about 2 percent for variables correlated with population and arrests. A questionnaire was mailed to the chief prosecutor of each district.
Collection Mode
  • Conducted by the United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Note
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Download
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2433 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Owens, Emily G.. Media and the Criminal Justice System. . 2010.
  • Harlow, Caroline Wolf. Defense Counsel in Criminal Cases. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.NCJ 179023, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/dccc.pdf (URL)
  • DeFrances, Carol J., Steadman, Greg W.. Prosecutors in State Courts, 1996. NCJ 170092, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/psc96.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1998): National Prosecutors Survey, 1996. Version 1. National Prosecutors Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02433.v1