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United Nations World Surveys on Crime Trends and Criminal Justice Systems, 1970-1994: Restructured Five-Wave Data

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
Creator
  • Burnham, R.W. (United States Department of Justice. National Institute of Justice)
  • Burnham, Helen (United States Department of Justice. National Institute of Justice)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems Series
Publication Date
1999-04-30
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
acquittals; assault; burglary; convictions (law); courts; correctional facilities; courts; crime; crime patterns; crime prevention; crime rates; crime reporting; criminal justice policy; criminal justice system; drug related crimes; drug traffic; embezzlement; fraud; international crime statistics; larceny; law enforcement; nations; offenders; offenses; police reports; population characteristics; prosecution; punishment; rape; robbery; sanctions; sentencing; trends; United Nations
Description
  • Abstract

    The United Nations International Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch began the Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (formerly known as the World Crime Surveys) in 1978. The goal of the data collection effort was to conduct a more focused inquiry into the incidence of crime worldwide. To date, there have been five quinquennial surveys, covering the years 1970-1975, 1975-1980, 1980-1986, 1986-1990, and 1990-1994, respectively. Starting with the 1980 data, the waves overlap by one year to allow for reliability and validity checks of the data. For this data collection, the original United Nations data were restructured into a standard contemporary file structure, with each file consisting of all data for one year. Naming conventions were standardized, and each country and each variable was given a unique identifying number. Crime variables include counts of recorded crime for homicide, assault, rape, robbery, theft, burglary, fraud, embezzlement, drug trafficking, drug possession, bribery, and corruption. There are also counts of suspects, persons prosecuted, persons convicted, and prison admissions by crime, gender, and adult or juvenile status. Other variables include the population of the country and largest city, budgets and salaries for police, courts, and prisons, and types of sanctions, including imprisonment, corporal punishment, deprivation of liberty, control of freedom, warning, fine, and community sentence. The countries participating in the survey and the variables available vary by year.
  • Abstract

    The United Nations International Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch began the Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (formerly known as the World Crime Surveys) in 1978. The goal of the data collection effort was to conduct a more focused inquiry into the incidence of crime worldwide. To date, there have been five quinquennial surveys, covering the years 1970-1975, 1975-1980, 1980-1986, 1986-1990, and 1990-1994, respectively. Starting with 1980, the waves overlap by one year to allow for reliability and validity checks of the data. For this data collection, the file structure and naming conventions were standardized across waves to facilitate cross-national comparisons and other analyses.
  • Abstract

    This data collection reconfigured the original United Nations data into a standard contemporary file structure, with each file consisting of all data for one year. The data received from the United Nations were entered into a computerized dataset, using SAS on a mainframe for the second survey and SPSS PC+ for the third and subsequent waves. Each country and each variable was given a unique identifying number. Some of the variables in the original dataset were not maintained in this version, because the principal investigators decided that they had no value or potential for analysis. This applies particularly to the first three surveys, where some variables were difficult to interpret and others contained almost no data. The original datasets, in the original configuration, are held by the United Nations office in Vienna, and can be requested by anyone with a particular interest in any of the variables omitted from this collection.
  • Abstract

    Crime variables include counts of recorded crime for homicide, assault, rape, robbery, theft, burglary, fraud, embezzlement, drug trafficking, drug possession, bribery, and corruption. There are also counts of suspects, persons prosecuted, persons convicted, and prison admissions by crime, gender, and adult or juvenile status. Other variables include the population of the country and largest city, budgets and salaries for police, courts, and prisons, and types of sanctions, including imprisonment, corporal punishment, deprivation of liberty, control of freedom, warning, fine, and community sentence.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: None.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Not applicable.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Wave I, 1970 Data
    • DS2: Wave I, 1971 Data
    • DS3: Wave I, 1972 Data
    • DS4: Wave I, 1973 Data
    • DS5: Wave I, 1974 Data
    • DS6: Wave I, 1975 Data
    • DS7: Wave II, 1975 Data
    • DS8: Wave II, 1976 Data
    • DS9: Wave II, 1977 Data
    • DS10: Wave II, 1978 Data
    • DS11: Wave II, 1979 Data
    • DS12: Wave II, 1980 Data
    • DS13: Wave III, 1980 Data
    • DS14: Wave III, 1981 Data
    • DS15: Wave III, 1982 Data
    • DS16: Wave III, 1983 Data
    • DS17: Wave III, 1984 Data
    • DS18: Wave III, 1985 Data
    • DS19: Wave III, 1986 Data
    • DS20: Wave IV, 1986 Data
    • DS21: Wave IV, 1987 Data
    • DS22: Wave IV, 1988 Data
    • DS23: Wave IV, 1989 Data
    • DS24: Wave IV, 1990 Data
    • DS25: Wave V, 1990 Data
    • DS26: Wave V, 1991 Data
    • DS27: Wave V, 1992 Data
    • DS28: Wave V, 1993 Data
    • DS29: Wave V, 1994 Data
    • DS30: Text Comments for Wave III
    • DS31: Text Comments for Wave IV
    • DS32: Text Comments for Wave V
    • DS33: Merged 1970-1994 Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1970 / 1994
    Time period: 1970--1994
  • Collection date: 1997
Geographic Coverage
  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Europe
  • Latin America
  • North America
  • Global
Sampled Universe
All countries.
Sampling
The surveys were distributed to member and nonmember states of the United Nations and completed on a voluntary basis.
Collection Mode
  • (1) The user guide, codebooks, and data collection instruments are provided as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site. (2) While the United Nations International Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch originally collected these data, this particular data collection is not an official product of the United Nations. For more information on the original United Nations data, users are advised to consult the United Nations Crime and Justice Information Network.

Note
2006-03-30 File UG2513.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-03-30 File UG2513.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-03-30 File UG2513.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-03-30 File UG2513.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-03-30 File UG2513.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (97-MU-CX-0002).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2513 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02513.v1
Publications
  • Blake, Garfield O.. America's deadly export: Evidence from cross-country panel data of deportation and homicide rates. International Review of Law and Economics.37, 156-168.2014.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.irle.2013.10.001 (DOI)
  • Carreras, Miguel. Civil wars and criminality: The spillover of violence. International Journal of Criminology and Sociological Theory.53, (1), 837-852.2012.
  • DeMichele, Matthew. Three Worlds of Western Punishment: A Regime Theory of Cross-National Incarceration Rate Variation, 1960-2002. Dissertation, University of Kentucky. 2010.
  • Frank, David J., Hadinge, Tara, Wosick-Correa, Kassia. The global dimensions of rape-law reform: A cross-national study of policy outcomes . American Sociological Review.74, (2), 272-290.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/000312240907400206 (DOI)
  • Cardenas, Mauricio. Economic growth in Colombia: A reversal of 'fortune'?. Ensayos sobre Política Económica - ESPE.25, (53), 220-259.2006.
  • Leigh, Andrew. Does equality lead to fraternity?. Economics Letters.93, (1), 121-125.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.econlet.2006.04.003 (DOI)
  • Hunnicutt, Gwen, Broidy, Lisa M.. Liberation and economic marginalization: A reformulation and test of (formerly?) competing models. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.41, (2), 130-155.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427803257306 (DOI)
  • Soares, Rodrigo R.. Development, crime and punishment: Accounting for the international differences in crime rates. Journal of Development Economics.73, (1), 155-184.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2002.12.001 (DOI)
  • Fajnzylber, Pablo, Lederman, Daniel, Loayza, Norman. What causes violent crime?. European Economic Review.46, (7), 1323-1357.2002.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0014-2921(01)00096-4 (DOI)
  • Farrell, Graham, Lane, Erin, Clark, Ken, Tseloni, Andromachi. What does the world spend on policing?. International Journal of Comparative Sociology.42, (1-2), 59-73.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/002071520104200103 (DOI)
  • Maguire, Edward R., Schulte-Murray, Rebecca. Issues and patterns in the comparative international study of police strength. International Journal of Comparative Sociology.42, (1-2), 75-100.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/002071520104200104 (DOI)
  • Boyle, Elizabeth Heger. Is Law the Rule? Using Political Frames to Explain Cross-National Variation in Legal Activity. Social Forces.78, (4), 1195-1226.2000.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3006173 (URL)
  • Burnham, R.W.. Analysis of the United Nations Data Set on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems: Part I, Final Report. NCJ 183461, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1998.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/183461.pdf (URL)
  • Fajnzylber, Pablo. Three Essays on Latin American Development Issues: Productivity Growth, International Trade and Violent Crime. Dissertation, Michigan State University. 1998.
  • Fajnzylber, Pablo, Lederman, Daniel, Loayza, Norman. Determinants of Crime Rates in Latin America and the World: An Empirical Assessment. Washington, DC: World Bank. 1998.
  • Young, Warren, Brown, Mark. Cross-National Comparisons of Imprisonment. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1993.
  • (author unknown). Children in Custody: Advance Report on the Juvenile detention and Correctional Facility Census of 1972-73. NCJ 19226, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, National Criminal Justice Information and Statistics Service. 1975.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/19226NCJRS.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Burnham, R.W.; Burnham, Helen (1999): United Nations World Surveys on Crime Trends and Criminal Justice Systems, 1970-1994: Restructured Five-Wave Data. Archival Version. United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02513