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National Health Interview Survey on Disability, 1994: Phase I, Person and Condition Data

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health Interview Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
chronic disabilities; chronic illnesses; disabilities; health; health care; health care services; health policy; health problems; illness
  • Abstract

    The purpose of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. The National Health Interview Survey on Disability (NHIS-D), Phase I, was administered at the same time as the 1994 NHIS core. NHIS-D was designed to collect data that can be used to understand disability and to develop public policy on disability. Another goal of the survey was to find a balance between the medical, administrative, and social issues involved in disability measurement. The Phase I questionnaire gathered data on disability and was used as a screening device for Phase II. Part 1, Person Data, includes the following topics: sensory, communication ability/limitation, mobility, developmental disability conditions, disability, functional limitations, mental health, services used and benefits received, and perceived disability. Part 2, Condition Data, provides information on the main condition causing the health problem, impairment, limitation, or disability.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Person Data
    • DS2: Condition Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1994
  • Collection date: 1994
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
One person 18 years or older was randomly sampled from each household in the 1994 National Health Interview Survey sample.
Collection Mode
  • Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data files and text of the technical documentation for this collection as prepared by NCHS.

2006-01-18 File CB2562.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2562 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02562.v1
  • LaPlante, Mitchell P., Kaye, H. Stephen, Kang, Taewoon, Harrington, Charlene. Unmet Need for Personal Assistance Services: Estimating the Shortfall in Hours of Help and Adverse Consequences. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences.59, (2), S98-S108.2004.
    • ID: 10.1093/geronb/59.2.S98 (DOI)
  • Witt, Whitney Perkins. Family Stressors, Psychosocial Functioning, and Mental Health Care Utilization Among Disabled Children: Results from the 1994-1995 National Health Interview Survey, Disability Supplement. Dissertation, Johns Hopkins University. 2001.
  • Druss, Benjamin G., Marcus, Steven C., Rosenheck, Robert A., Olfson, Mark, et al. Understanding disability in mental and general medical conditions. American Journal of Psychiatry.157, (9), 1485-1491.2000.
    • ID: 10.1176/appi.ajp.157.9.1485 (DOI)
  • Hennessy, Kevin D., Green-Hennessy, Sharon. Estimates of children and adolescents with school-related behavioral problems. Psychiatric Services.51, (5), 591 -2000.
    • ID: 10.1176/ (DOI)
  • Iezzoni, Lisa I., McCarthy, Ellen P., Davis, Roger B., Siebens, Hilary. Mobility impairments and use of screening and preventive services. American Journal of Public Health.90, (6), 955-961.2000.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.90.6.955 (DOI)
  • Todorov, Alexander. Context effects in national health surveys: Effects of preceding questions on reporting serious difficulty seeing and legal blindness. Public Opinion Quarterly.64, (1), 65-76.2000.
    • ID: 10.1086/316760 (DOI)
  • Todorov, Alexander. The accessibility and applicability of knowledge: Predicting context effects in national surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly.64, (4), 429 -2000.
    • ID: 10.1086/318639 (DOI)
  • Todorov, Alexander, Kirchner, Corinne. Bias in proxies' reports of disability: Data from the National Health Interview Survey on disability. American Journal of Public Health.90, (8), 1248-1253.2000.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.90.8.1248 (DOI)
  • Druss, Benjamin G., Rosenheck, Robert A.. Mental disorders and access to medical care in the United States. American Journal of Psychiatry.155, (12), 1775-1777.1998.
  • Kassner, Enid, Bectel, Robert W.. Midlife and older Americans with disabilities: who gets help?. Washington, DC: AARP, Public Policy Institute. 1998.
  • Newacheck, Paul W., Strickland, B., Shonkoff, J.P., Perrin, J.M., McPherson, M., McManus, M., Lauver, C., Fox, H., Arango, P.. An Epidemiologic Profile of Children With Special Health Care Needs. Pediatrics.102, (1), 117-123.1998.
    • ID: 10.1542/peds.102.1.117 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics (1998): National Health Interview Survey on Disability, 1994: Phase I, Person and Condition Data. Archival Version. National Health Interview Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.