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National Health Interview Survey, 1994: Second Supplement on Aging

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health Interview Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
adult care services; aging; assisted living; assistive devices; chronic disabilities; chronic illnesses; disabilities; health; health care; health care services; health problems; health services utilization; home care; illness; independent living; living arrangements; older adults; supportive services
  • Abstract

    The National Health Interview Survey, 1994: Second Supplement on Aging (SOA II), conducted approximately 10 years after the original SOA (see NATIONAL HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY, 1984 [ICPSR 8659], Parts 6 and 7), had four specific aims. The first was to provide a replication of the first SOA to determine whether changes had occurred in the level of disability among older persons between 1984 and the mid-1990s. The second aim was to elicit information on the causes and correlates of changes in health and functioning in older Americans, including background demographic characteristics, health behaviors, and attitudes, pre-existing illness, and social and environmental support. The third was to describe the sequence and consequences of health events, including utilization of health care and services for assisted community living, on the physiological consequences of disability such as pain and fatigue, on social consequences such as changes in social activities, living arrangements, social support, and use of community services, and on the deployment of assisted living strategies and accessibility of technological and environmental adaptations. The final aim was to serve as the baseline for another national longitudinal study focusing on older Americans, the SECOND LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF AGING (LSOA II) (for the first LSOA see NATIONAL HEALTH INTERVIEW SURVEY: LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF AGING, 70 YEARS AND OVER, 1984-1990 [ICPSR 8719]).
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Second Supplement on Aging, 1994
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1994
  • 1994 / 1995
    Collection date: 1994--1995
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
All individuals 70 years of age and over, for whom data were collected as part of the 1994 National Health Interview Survey core interview. The NHIS core interview used a stratified multistage probability design.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data file and technical documentation in this collection in their original form as prepared by NCHS. (2) The codebook, data collection instrument, and frequencies are provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.

2007-02-12 Setup files have been updated.1999-05-12 The codebook has been replaced with the codebook from the NCHS CD-ROM for this study (Version 2). It includes additional variable names that relate to the SAS and SPSS data definition statements that are also now available for this data collection.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2563 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02563.v1
  • Freedman, Vicki A., Crimmins, Eileen, Schoeni, Robert F., Spillman, Brenda C., Aykan, Hakan, Kramarow, Ellen, Land, Kenneth, Lubitz, James, Manton, Kenneth G., Martin, Linda G., Shinberg, Diane, Waidmann, Timothy. Resolving inconsistencies in trends in old-age disability: Report from a technical working group. Demography.41, (3), 417-441.2004.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2004.0022 (DOI)
  • Desai, Mayur M., Lentzner, Harold R., Weeks, Julie Dawson. Unmet need for personal assistance with activities of daily living among older adults. Gerontologist.41, (1), 82-88.2001.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/41.1.82 (DOI)
  • Freedman, Vicki A., Martin, Linda G.. Contribution of chronic conditions to aggregate changes in old-age functioning. American Journal of Public Health.90, (11), 1755-1760.2000.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.90.11.1755 (DOI)
  • Adams, Patricia F., Marano, Marie A.. Current estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, 1994. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10: Data from the National Health Interview Survey.193, Hyattsville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. 1995.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics (1998): National Health Interview Survey, 1994: Second Supplement on Aging. Archival Version. National Health Interview Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.