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Current Population Survey: Annual Demographic File, 1998

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Current Population Survey Series
Publication Date
1998-12-17
Language
English
Free Keywords
census data; demographic characteristics; employment; Hispanic or Latino origins; households; income; job history; labor force; Medicaid; Medicare; occupational mobility; population characteristics; population estimates; unemployment; working hours
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection supplies standard monthly labor force data as well as supplemental data on work experience, income, noncash benefits, and migration. Comprehensive information is given on the employment status, occupation, and industry of persons 15 years old and older. Additional data are available concerning weeks worked and hours per week worked, reason not working full-time, total income and income components, and residence on March 1, 1997. This file also contains data covering noncash income sources such as food stamps, school lunch programs, employer-provided group health insurance plans, employer-provided pension plans, personal health insurance, Medicaid, Medicare, CHAMPUS or military health care, and energy assistance. Information on demographic characteristics, such as age, sex, race, household relationships, and Hispanic origin, is available for each person in the household enumerated.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1998
  • Collection date: 1998-03
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian noninstitutional population of the United States living in housing units and members of the Armed Forces living in civilian housing units on a military base or in households not on a military base.
Sampling
A national probability sample was used in selecting housing units. About 60,000 housing units were contacted, with an additional 3,500 Hispanic households added to the March survey sample. The sample was located in 792 sample areas comprising 2,007 counties and independent cities with coverage in every state and the District of Columbia.
Collection Mode
  • In this hierarchical dataset there are three record types. The first record type is Household, with 124 variables for 64,659 records. The Family record type has 76 variables for 56,768 records, and Person records have 428 variables for 131,617 records. There is a total of 253,044 records in the file.

    This survey queried respondents on their residence on March 1, 1997. The documentation erroneously states March 1, 1996.

Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2573 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02573.v1
Publications
  • Amaral, Michelle M.. Does substituting home care for institutional care lead to a reduction in Medicaid expenditures?. Health Care Management Science.13, (4), 319-333.2010.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10729-010-9132-9 (DOI)
  • Chen, Zhuo, Roy, Kakoli, Haddix, Anne C., Thacker, Stephen B.. Factors associated with differences in mortality and self-reported health across states in the United States. Health Policy.94, (3), 203-210.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2009.09.011 (DOI)
  • Couch, Kenneth A., Fairlie, Robert. Last hired, first fired? Black-White unemployment and the business cycle. Demography.47, (1), 227-247.2010.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.0.0086 (DOI)
  • Millimet, Daniel L., Nieswiadomy, Michael, Slottje, Daniel. Detailed estimation of worklife expectancy for the measurement of human capital: Accounting for marriage and children. Journal of Economic Surveys.24, (2), 339-361.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1467-6419.2009.00618.x (DOI)
  • Orsini, Chiara. Changing the way the elderly live: Evidence from the home health care market in the United States. Journal of Public Economics.94, (1/2), 142-152.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2009.10.010 (DOI)
  • Sakamoto, Arthur, Woo, Hyeyoung, Kim, ChangHwan. Does an immigrant background ameliorate racial disadvantage? The socioeconomic attainments of second-generation African Americans. Sociological Forum.25, (1), 123-146.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1573-7861.2009.01160.x (DOI)
  • Bitler, Marianne P., Gelbach, Jonah B., Hoynes, Hilary W.. Welfare reform and children's living arrangements. Journal of Human Resources.41, (1), 1-27.2006.
  • Diprete, Thomas A., Buchmann, Claudia. Gender-specific trends in the value of education and the emerging gender gap in college completion. Demography.43, (1), 1-24.2006.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2006.0003 (DOI)
  • Van Hook, Jennifer, Zhang, Weiwei, Bean, Frank D., Passel, Jeffrey S.. Foreign-Born Emigration: A New Approach and Estimates Based on Matched CPS Files*. Demography.43, (2), 361-382.2006.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2006.0013 (DOI)
  • Blanchflower, David G., Oswald, Andrew J.. The Wage Curve Reloaded. IZA Discussion Paper No. 1665.Bonn, Germany: Institute for the Study of Labor. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.iza.org/en/webcontent/publications/papers?dp_id=1665 (URL)
  • Engelardt, Gary V., Gruber, Jonathan, Perry, Cynthia D.. Social security and elderly living arrangements: evidence from the social security notch. Journal of Human Resources.40, (2), 354-372.2005.
  • Bollinger, Christopher R., Hagstrom, Paul. Food Stamp Program Participation of Refugees and Immigrants. UKCPR Discussion Paper Series.2003-05, Lexington, KY: Uuniversity of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.ukcpr.org/Publications/DP2003-05.pdf (URL)
  • Costanza, Stephen E., Kilburn, John C., Jr.. Circling the Welcome Wagons: Area, Income, Race, and Legal Handgun Concealment. Criminal Justice Review.29, (2), 289-303.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/073401680402900202 (DOI)
  • Grogger, Jeffrey. Time limits and welfare use. Journal of Human Resources.39, (2), 405-424.2004.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3559020 (URL)
  • Hotchkiss, Julie L.. A closer look at the employment impact of the Americans with Disabilities Act. Journal of Human Resources.39, (4), 887-911.2004.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3559031 (URL)
  • Sorensen, Elaine, Hill, Ariel. Single mothers and their child-support receipt: How well is child-support enforcement doing?. Journal of Human Resources.39, (1), 135-154.2004.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3559008 (URL)
  • Marquis, M. Susan, Long, Stephen H.. Public Insurance Expansions and Crowd Out of Private Coverage. Medical Care.41, (3), 344-356.2003.
    • ID: 10.1097/00005650-200303000-00003 (DOI)
  • Mellor, J.M., Milyo, J.. Is exposure to income inequality a public health concern? Lagged effects of income inequality on individual and population health. Health Services Research.38, (1 Pt. 1), 153-167.2003.
  • Blakely, Tony A., Lochner, Kimberly, Kawachi, Ichiro. Metropolitan Area Income Inequality and Self-Rated Health: A Multi-Level Study. Social Science and Medicine.54, (1), 65-77.2002.
  • Bound, John, Waidmann, Timothy. Accounting for Recent Declines in Employment Rates among Working-Aged Men and Women with Disabilities. Journal of Human Resources.37, (2), 231-250.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3069646 (URL)
  • Brandon, Peter David. The living arrangements of children in immigrant families in the United States. International Migration Review.36, (2), 416-436.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1747-7379.2002.tb00087.x (DOI)
  • Case, B.G., Himmelstein, D.U., Woolhandler, S.. No care for the caregivers: Declining health insurance coverage for health care personnel and their children, 1988-1998. American Journal of Public Health.92, (3), 404-408.2002.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.92.3.404 (DOI)
  • Cohen, Philip N.. Extended households at work: Living arrangements and inequality in single mothers' employment. Sociological Forum.17, (3), 445-463.2002.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1019631107686 (DOI)
  • Davis, Jason R.. Evaluating the effect of Medicaid and state children's health insurance program expansions. Dissertation, Michigan State University. 2002.
  • Day, Jennifer Cheeseman, Newburger, Eric C.. The Big Payoff: Educational Attainment and Synthetic Estimates of Work-Life Earnings. Current Population Reports.P23-210, Washington, DC: United States Department of Commerce, Census Bureau. 2002.
    • ID: http://www.census.gov/prod/2002pubs/p23-210.pdf (URL)
  • Farley, Reynolds, Alba, Richard. The New Second Generation in the United States. International Migration Review.36, (3), 669-701.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1747-7379.2002.tb00100.x (DOI)
  • Glick, Jennifer E., Van Hook, Jennifer. Parents' Coresidence with Adult Children: Can Immigration Explain Racial and Ethnic Variation?. Journal of Marriage and Family.64, (1), 240-253.2002.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2002.00240.x (DOI)
  • Lofstrom, M., Bean, F.D.. Assessing immigrant policy options: Labor market conditions and postreform declines in immigrants' receipt of welfare. Demography.39, (4), 617-637.2002.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2002.0038 (DOI)
  • McGwin, Gerald, Valent, Francesca, Taylor, Allison J., Howard, Harrison J., David, Gregory G., Brissie, Robert M., Rue, Loring W., III. Epidemiology of Fatal Occupational Injuries in Jefferson County, Alabama. Southern Medical Journal.95, (11), 1300-1311.2002.
  • Mellor, Jennifer M., Milyo, Jeffrey. Income Inequality and Health Status in the United States: Evidence from the Current Population Survey. Journal of Human Resources.37, (3), 510-539.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3069680 (URL)
  • Pencavel, John. A Cohort Analysis of the Association between Work Hours and Wages Among Men. Journal of Human Resources.37, (2), 251-274.2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3069647 (URL)
  • Smith, Danielle Taana. Bounded Solidarity and Enforceable Trust: How Beneficial Are Social Resources for African American Entrepreneurship?. Southern Sociological Society. 2002.
  • Yamada, Yoshiko. Profile of home care aides, nursing home aides, and hospital aides: historical changes and data recommendations. Gerontologist.42, (2), 199-206.2002.
    • ID: 10.1093/geront/42.2.199 (DOI)
  • (author unknown). Living Arrangements: A Closer Look at Families. Tampa, FL: Center for the Study of Children's Futures, University of South Florida. 2001.
  • Burman, Leonard E., Gruber, Amelia. First, Do No Harm: Designing Tax Incentives for Health Insurance. National Tax Journal.54, (3), 473-493.2001.
  • Cromartie, John B.. Nonmetro Outmigration Exceeds Inmigration for the First Time in a Decade. Rural America.16, (2), 35-37.2001.
    • ID: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/ruralamerica/ra162/ra162g.pdf (URL)
  • DeFina, Robert H., Thanawala, Kishor. The Impact of Transfers and Taxes on Alternative Poverty Indexes. Review of Social Economy.59, (4), 395-416.2001.
    • ID: 10.1080/00346760127070 (DOI)
  • Elliott, Mark, Grote, Mae Watson, Levin-Waldman, Oren M.. Deepening Disparity: Income Equality in New York City. New York: Public/Private Ventures. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.ppv.org/pdffiles/deepening.pdf (URL)
  • Fix, Michael, Zimmermann, Wendy. All under One Roof: Mixed-Status Families in an Era of Reform. International Migration Review.35, (134), 397-419.2001.
  • Fuchs, Victor R.. Financial problems of the elderly: A holistic approach. NBER Working Paper Series.8236, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2001.
    • ID: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w8236.pdf (URL)
  • Glied, Sherry A.. Challenges and options for increasing the number of Americans with health insurance. Inquiry (Rochester): The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision and Financing.38, (2), 90-105.2001.
    • ID: 10.5034/inquiryjrnl_38.2.90 (DOI)
  • Glied, Sherry, Stabile, Mark. Generation vexed: Age-cohort differences in employer-sponsored health insurance coverage. Health Affairs.20, (1), 184-191.2001.
    • ID: 10.1377/hlthaff.20.1.184 (DOI)
  • Horrace, William C., Oaxaca, Ronald L.. Inter-Industry Wage Differentials and the Gender Wage Gap: An Identification Problem. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.54, (3), 611-618.2001.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2695992 (URL)
  • Hughes, Mary Elizabeth, Heisler, Elayne J.. The Impact of the 1990s Economic Expansion on Union Formation. Southern Sociological Society. 2001.
  • O'Hare, William. Disconnected Kids: Children without a Phone at Home. Kids Count Snapshot.Baltimore, MD: Annie E. Casey Foundation. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.aecf.org/kidscount/snapshot.pdf (URL)
  • O'Neill, June E., Hill, M. Anne. Gaining Ground? Measuring the Impact of Welfare Reform on Welfare and Work. Civic Report.17, New York: Center for Civic Education at the Manhatten Institute. 2001.
  • Passel, Jeffrey S., Zimmerman, Wendy. Are Immigrants Leaving California? Settlement Patterns of Immigrants in the Late 1990s. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 2001.
  • Porter, Kathryn H., Dupree, Allen. Poverty Trends for Families Headed by Working Single Mothers, 1993-1999. Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.cbpp.org/8-16-01wel.pdf (URL)
  • Reed, Deborah. Immigration and Males' Earnings Inequality in the Regions of the United States. Demography.38, (3), 363-373.2001.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2001.0029 (DOI)
  • Wentworth, S.G., Pattison, D.. Income growth and future poverty rates of the aged. Social Security Bulletin.64, (3), 23-37.2001.
  • (author unknown). Educational Attainment. Education Statistics Quarterly.2, (3), 73-75.2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2001/2001602.pdf (URL)
  • Balan, David J.. Three essays in personnel economics. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 2000.
  • Bernstein, Jared, McNichol, Elizabeth C., Mishel, Lawrence, Zahradnik, Robert. Pulling Apart: A State-by-State Analysis of Income Trends. Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities & Economic Policy Institute. 2000.
  • Black, Sandra, Juhn, Chinhui. The rise of female professionals: Are women responding to skill demand?. American Economic Review.90, (2), 450-455.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.450 (DOI)
  • Brown, E. Richard, Wyn, Roberta, Teleki, Stephanie. Disparities in health insurance and access to care for residents across U.S. cities. Los Angeles, CA: University of California, Los Angeles Center for Health Policy Research. 2000.
  • Campbell, Mary E.. Payback Time: Racial, Ethnic and Gender Differences in the Effects of Education on Annual Income and Earned Income, 1976-1998. American Sociological Association. 2000.
  • Carrasquillo, Olveen, Carrasquillo, Angeles I., Shea, Steven. Health insurance coverage of immigrants living in the United States: Differences by citizenship status and country of origin. American Journal of Public Health.90, (6), 917-923.2000.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.90.6.917 (DOI)
  • Chollet, Deborah J.. Consumers, insurers, and market behavior. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law.25, (1), 27-44.2000.
    • ID: 10.1215/03616878-25-1-27 (DOI)
  • Cohen, Philip N.. Cohabitation, Marriage and Earnings: Racial-Ethnic and Gender Differences, 1995-1998. American Sociological Association. 2000.
  • Daly, Mary C., Royer, Heather N.. Cyclical and demographic influences on the distribution of income in California. Economic Review - Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.1-13.2000.
  • Eissa, Nada, Hoynes, Hilary W.. Explaining the fall and rise in the tax cost of marriage: The effect of tax laws and demographic trends, 1984-97. National Tax Journal.53, (3), 683-711.2000.
  • Faber, Carol S.. Geographical mobility: March 1997 to March 1998. Washington, DC: United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 2000.
  • Fronstin, Paul. The erosion of retiree health benefits and retirement behavior: Implications for the disability insurance program. Social Security Bulletin.63, (4), 38 -2000.
  • Fuchs, Victor R.. Medicare reform: The larger picture. Journal of Economic Perspectives.14, (2), 57-70.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/jep.14.2.57 (DOI)
  • Georgellis, Yannis, Wall, Howard J.. Who are the self-employed?. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review.82, (6), 15-23.2000.
  • Hall, Mark A.. An evaluation of New York's reform law. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law.25, (1), 71-99.2000.
    • ID: 10.1215/03616878-25-1-71 (DOI)
  • Holahan, John, Kim, Johnny. Why does the number of uninsured Americans continue to grow?. Health Affairs.19, (4), 188-196.2000.
    • ID: 10.1377/hlthaff.19.4.188 (DOI)
  • Jencks, Christopher, Swingle, Joseph. Without a net. American Prospect.11, (4), 37-41.2000.
  • Ketsche, Patricia G.. The effect of the tax subsidy on risk pooling in the employment-based health insurance market. Dissertation, Georgia State University. 2000.
  • Ketsche, Patricia G., Custer, William S.. The effect of marginal tax rate on the probability of employment-based insurance by risk group. Health Services Research.35, (1), 239-251.2000.
  • Kim, Marlene. Women paid low wages: Who they are and where they work. Monthly Labor Review.123, (9), 26-30.2000.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2000/09/art3full.pdf (URL)
  • Lichter, Daniel T., Jensen, Leif. Rural America in Transition: Poverty and Welfare at the Turn of the 21st Century. JCPR Working Paper.187, Evanston and Chicago, IL: Joint Center for Poverty Research. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.jcpr.org/wpfiles/Lichter-Jensen.PDF (URL)
  • Lillie-Blanton, Marsha, Brodie, Mollyann, Rowland, Diane, Altman, Drew E., McIntosh, Mary. Race, ethnicity, and the health care system: Public perceptions and experiences. Medical Care Research and Review.57, (Supplement), 218-235.2000.
    • ID: 10.1177/107755800773743664 (DOI)
  • Madrian, Brigitte C., Lefgren, Lars John. An Approach to Longitudinally Matching Current Population Survey (CPS) Respondents. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement.26, (1), 31-62.2000.
  • Pauly, Mark V., Percy, Allison M.. Cost and performance: A comparison of the individual and group health insurance markets. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law.25, (1), 9-26.2000.
    • ID: 10.1215/03616878-25-1-9 (DOI)
  • Purcell, Patrick J.. Older workers: Employment and retirement trends. Monthly Labor Review.123, (10), 19-30.2000.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2000/10/art3full.pdf (URL)
  • Rogers, Carolyn C., Dagata, Elizabeth. Child Poverty in Nonmetro Areas in the 1990's. Rural America.15, (1), 28-36.2000.
    • ID: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/ruralamerica/ra151/ra151e.pdf (URL)
  • Sandoval, Daniel A., Hirschl, Thomas A.. The Penalty for Exiting Welfare: Economic and Residential Factors Affecting Former Recipients' Well-Being. Society for the Study of Social Problems. 2000.
  • Stearns, Elizabeth, VanWey, Leah Karin. Immigrant Incorporation into and Success in Mainstream Southern Labor Markets and Household Forms. Southern Sociological Society. 2000.
  • Welch, Finis. Growth in women's relative wages and in inequality among men: One phenomenon or two?. American Economic Review.90, (2), 444-449.2000.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.90.2.444 (DOI)
  • Wirt, John. Educational Attainment . Indicator of the Month.NCES 2000-010, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2000/2000010.pdf (URL)
  • Wirt, John. Employment by Young Adults, by Educational Attainment. Indicator of the Month.NCES 2000-007, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2000/2000007.pdf (URL)
  • Wirt, John. Salaries of Teachers. Indicator of the Month.NCES 2000-011, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2000/2000011.pdf (URL)
  • (author unknown). Immigrant numbers in U.S. triple. Guardian Weekly.17 -1999.
  • (author unknown). Sources of Health Insurance and Characteristics of the Uninsured: Analysis of the March 1998 Current Population Survey. EBRI Issue Brief.204, Washington, DC: Employee Benefit Research Institute. 1999.
  • American Academy of Pediatrics Division of Health Policy Research. Analysis of 1998 March Demographic File, Current Population Survey and 1999 State Population Projections. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics. 1999.
  • Bauman, Kurt J.. Shifting family definitions: The effect of cohabitation and other nonfamily household relationships on measures of poverty. Demography.36, (3), 315-325.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2648055 (URL)
  • Burtless, Gary. Squeezed for time?. Brookings Review.17, (4), 18-22.1999.
  • Camarota, Steven A.. Immigration at record high in U.S.. Insight on the News.15, (7), 38 -1999.
  • Camarota, Steven A.. Importing Poverty: Immigration's Impact on the Size and Growth of the Poor Population in the United States. Center for Immigration Studies, Washington, D.C.. 1999.
    • ID: http://www.cis.org/articles/poverty_study/ (URL)
  • Cohen, Philip N., Bianchi, Suzanne M.. Marriage, children, and women's employment: What do we know?. Monthly Labor Review.122, (12), 22-31.1999.
    • ID: http://stats.bls.gov/opub/mlr/1999/12/art3full.pdf (URL)
  • Cotter, David A., Hermsen, Joan M., Vanneman, Reeve. Systems of Gender, Race, and Class Inequality: Multilevel Analyses. Social Forces.78, (2), 433-460.1999.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3005563 (URL)
  • Fisher, Mary Jane. Uninsured still on the rise, survey finds. National Underwriter. Property and Casualty - Risk and Benefits.103, (5), 21 -1999.
  • Fronstin, Paul. Employment-based health insurance for children: Why did coverage increase in the mid-1990s?. Health Affairs.18, (5), 131-136.1999.
    • ID: 10.1377/hlthaff.18.5.131 (DOI)
  • Gabel, Jon, Hurst, Kimberly, Whitmore, Heidi, Hoffman, Catherine. Class and benefits at the workplace. Health Affairs.18, (3), 144-150.1999.
    • ID: 10.1377/hlthaff.18.3.144 (DOI)
  • Green, Lisa H., Cox, Don F., Langwell, Kathryn M., Kitchman, Michelle S.. Medicare state profiles: State and regional data on Medicare and the population it serves. Menlo Park, CA: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. 1999.
  • Johnson, Richard W.. Distributional implications of Social Security reform for the edlerly: The impact of revising COLAs, the normal retirement age, and the taxation of benefits. National Tax Journal.52, (3), 505-529.1999.
  • Olsen, Kelly A.. Application of experimental poverty measures to the aged. Social Security Bulletin.62, (3), 3-19.1999.
  • Ostuw, Pamela. Health insurance coverage and the near elderly, 1997. EBRI Notes.20, (2), 4-8.1999.
  • Pollard, Kelvin M., O'Hare, William P.. America's racial and ethnic minorities. Population Bulletin.54, (3), 3-48.1999.
  • Ramirez, Roberto R.. Hispanic population in the United States. Washington, DC: United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 1999.
  • Rogers, Carolyn C.. Changes in the older population and implications for rural areas. Washington, DC: United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service. 1999.
  • Wilson, Theresa M.. The Galveston Plan and Social Security: A comparative analysis of two systems. Social Security Bulletin.62, (1), 47-64.1999.
  • (author unknown). Money income in the United States: 1997, (with separate data on valuation of noncash benefits). Washington, DC: United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 1998.
  • Fisher, Mary Jane. Uninsured on the rise to some 43.4 million. National Underwriter. Property and Casualty - Risk and Benefits.102, (41), 11 -1998.
  • Fronstin, Paul. Sources of Health Insurance and Characteristics of the Uninsured: Analysis of the March 1998 Current Population Survey. EBRI Issue Brief.204, Washington, DC: Employee Benefit Research Institute. 1998.
  • Rose, Joan R.. The Feds counted nearly 2 million more have-nots last year. Medical Economics.75, (22), 23 -1998.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1998): Current Population Survey: Annual Demographic File, 1998. Archival Version. Current Population Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02573