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Frequency of Arrest of the Young, Chronic, Serious Offender Using Two Male Cohorts Paroled by the California Youth Authority, 1981-1982 and 1986-1987

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data and event/transaction data
Creator
  • Linster, Richard L. (United States Department of Justice. National Institute of Justice)
  • Lattimore, Pamela K. (United States Department of Justice. National Institute of Justice)
  • MacDonald, John M. (United States Department of Justice. National Institute of Justice)
  • Visher, Christy A. (United States Department of Justice. National Institute of Justice)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
1999-06-16
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
arrest records; arrests; clearance rates; crime rates; criminal histories; juvenile offenders; male offenders; parolees; recidivism rates; recidivists; youths
Description
  • Abstract

    This study investigated the ways in which active offenders and their behavior patterns are related to individual characteristics. Data were collected to explore topics such as the nature of individual offending behavior, including offense mix and specialization, the frequency of offending, and the characterization of offender types. To address these issues, the post-release arrest patterns of two cohorts of male youths paroled by the California Youth Authority in 1981-1982 and 1986-1987 were examined. The project focused on modeling the frequency of recidivism and the correlates of arrest frequency. The frequency of arrest was measured during two periods: the first year following release and years two and three following release. Criminal justice variables in this collection provide information on county-level crime and clearance rates for violent and property crimes known to the police. Measures of parolees' criminal history include length of incarceration prior to current commitment, frequency of arrest, age at first arrest, and calculated criminal history scores. Personal and family characteristics include previous violent behavior, alcohol and drug abuse, family violence, neglect or abuse, degree of parental supervision, parental criminality, education, and school disciplinary problems. Demographic variables include age and race of the subjects.
  • Abstract

    Much attention has been devoted to developing appropriate analytical models of criminal careers. However, much less attention has been given to studies of the nature of offending behavior, especially among active offenders. Greater knowledge about the patterns of criminal behavior might lead to new insights about the appropriate specification of theoretical models. This study sought to address topics that had been largely ignored in previous research, such as the nature of individual offending behavior, including offense mix and specialization, the frequency of offending, and the characterization of offender types. These issues were addressed in this data collection by examining the post-release arrest patterns of two cohorts of young male parolees released from the California Youth Authority in 1981-1982 and 1986-1987. Specifically, the study focused on modeling the frequency of arrest and the correlates of arrest frequency. The study did not model the entire criminal career from onset to termination. Instead, the more limited objective was to model the arrest frequency over a relatively limited time interval.
  • Abstract

    Random samples were drawn from two cohorts -- those paroled between July 1, 1981, and June 30, 1982, and those paroled between July 1, 1986, and June 30, 1987. Data were collected on these subjects from the administrative records of the California Youth Authority and from police records. The dependent variables were the number of arrests accumulated during the first year following release and the number of arrests accumulated during the second and third years following release, correcting for time free. Additional information was collected from administrative records on the criminal histories of the subjects and their personal characteristics and those of their families. Supplemental data on county-level crime and clearance rates were taken from the Uniform Crime Reports.
  • Abstract

    Criminal justice variables in this collection provide information on county-level crime and clearance rates for violent and property crimes known to the police. Measures of parolees' criminal history include length of incarceration prior to current commitment, frequency of arrest, age at first arrest, and calculated criminal history scores. Personal and family characteristics include previous violent behavior, alcohol and drug abuse, family violence, neglect or abuse, degree of parental supervision, parental criminality, education, and school disciplinary problems. Demographic variables include age and race of the subjects.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: None
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Not applicable
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1995 / 1996
    Collection date: 1995--1996
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Male youths paroled from the California Youth Authority in 1981-1982 and 1986-1987.
Sampling
Random sample
Note
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (94-IJ-CX-0014).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2588 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Greenberg, David F., Ezell, Michael E.. Criminal careers: Discrete or Continuous?. Modern Modeling Methods Conference.University of Connecticut. 2011.
  • Piquero, Alex R., MacDonald, John, Dobrin, Adam, Daigle, Leah E., Cullen, Francis T.. Self-control, violent offending, and homicide victimization: Assessing the general theory of crime. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.21, (1), 55-71.2005.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-004-1787-2 (DOI)
  • Lattimore, Pamela K., MacDonald, John M., Piquero, Alex R., Linster, Richard L., Visher, Christy A.. Studying the characteristics of arrest frequency among paroled youthful offenders. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.41, (1), 37-57.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427803256094 (DOI)
  • Tremblay, Pierre, Pare, Paul-Philippe. Crime and destiny: Patterns in serious offenders' mortality rates. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice.45, (3), 299-326.2003.
    • ID: 10.3138/cjccj.45.3.299 (DOI)
  • Lattimore, Pamela K., Linster, Richard L., MacDonald, John M.. Risk of death among serious young offenders. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.34, (2), 187-209.1997.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427897034002002 (DOI)
  • Linster, Richard L., Lattimore, Pamela K., MacDonald, John M., Visher, Christy A.. Who Gets Arrested? Models of the Frequency of Arrest of the Young, Chronic, Serious Offender. NIJ Working Paper.96-03; NCJ 170418, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1996.
  • Lattimore, Pamela K., Visher, Christy A., Linster, Richard L.. Predicting Rearrest for Violence. Trends, Risks, and Interventions in Lethal Violence: Proceedings of the Third Annual Spring Symposium of the Homicide Research Working Group. Atlanta, Georgia.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Instittute of Justice. 1995.
    • ID: http://homicideworkinggroup.cos.ucf.edu/include/documents/hrwg94.pdf (URL)
  • Lattimore, Pamela K., Visher, Christy A., Linster, Richard L.. Predicting rearrest for violence among serious youthful offenders. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.32, (1), 54-83.1995.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427895032001003 (DOI)
  • Lattimore, Pamela K., Visher, Christy A., Linster, Richard L.. Specialization in juvenile careers: Markov results for a California cohort. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.10, (4), 291-316.1994.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02221278 (DOI)
  • Visher, Christy A., Lattimore, Pamela K., Linster, Richard L.. Predicting the Recidivism of Serious Youthful Offenders Using Survival models. Criminology.29, (3), 329-366.1991.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.1991.tb01070.x (DOI)
  • Linster, Richard L., Lattimore, Pamela K., Visher, Christy A.. Predicting the Recidivism of Serious Juvenile Offenders. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1990.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Linster, Richard L.; Lattimore, Pamela K.; MacDonald, John M.; Visher, Christy A. (1999): Frequency of Arrest of the Young, Chronic, Serious Offender Using Two Male Cohorts Paroled by the California Youth Authority, 1981-1982 and 1986-1987. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02588.v1