Canadian Election Survey, 1997

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Blais, Andre
  • Gidengil, Elisabeth (York University (Canada). Institute for Social Research)
  • Nadeau, Richard (York University (Canada). Institute for Social Research)
  • Nevitte, Neil (York University (Canada). Institute for Social Research)
Other Title
  • Version 3 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Canadian National Elections Study (CNES) Series
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (Canada)
Free Keywords
Chretien, Jean; economic conditions; elections; government performance; Mulroney, Brian; national elections; political campaigns; political candidates; political interest; political issues; public confidence; public opinion; separatism; voter attitudes; voting behavior
  • Abstract

    For this survey of Canadians' political attitudes and voting behavior, citizens 18 years of age or older who spoke one of Canada's official languages (English or French) and who resided in private homes in the ten Canadian provinces and two territories were eligible to be surveyed. The survey included three components: the Campaign-Period Survey (CPS), the Post-Election Survey (PES), and the Mail-Back Survey (MBS). Approximately 110 interviews were completed each day of the CPS for a total of 3,949 interviews. Eighty percent, or 3,170 of the CPS respondents, completed the PES survey, and 1,857 of the PES respondents completed the MBS. The CPS respondents were queried on their voting intentions, interest in the election and its media coverage, whether parties/candidates had contacted them during the campaign, the state of the economy, knowledge of the parties and leaders, personal stances on major policy issues such as cutting taxes, maintaining social programs, and Quebec, assessment of the Liberal government, and electoral expectations. Specific questions on political actions and personal character were posed regarding Prime Minister Jean Chretien, Conservative Party Leader Jean Charest, New Democratic Party Leader Alexa McDonough, Reform Party Leader Preston Manning, Bloc Quebecois Leader Gilles Duceppe, Premier Lucien Bouchard, and former Prime Minister Brian Mulroney. The PES repeated many of the CPS questions, and addressed additional topics such as government spending, social issues including abortion, unions, businesses, education, health care, and capital punishment, Quebec separation, and attitudes towards social groups including big business, feminists, and aboriginal peoples. The MBS dealt with broader political issues and values, including the respondents' confidence in institutions, the distribution of power among various societal groups, and individual rights. Background information on respondents includes age, sex, ethnicity, political party, political orientation, voter participation history, education, marital status, religion, employment status, household income, union membership, country of birth, knowledge of Canadian political history, financial status, and disability status.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1997
  • Collection date: 1997
Geographic Coverage
  • Canada
  • Global
Sampled Universe
Canadian citizens 18 years of age or older, who spoke one of Canada's official languages (English or French), and resided in private homes with a telephone, in the ten Canadian provinces and two territories.
A two-stage probability selection process was utilized to select survey respondents. Afterward, a weight was added to the sample, by province.
2000-05-09 The SAS and SPSS data definition statements, SPSS export file, and codebook for this collection have been revised to incorporate changes noted in the errata file (October 1998) previously distributed with this collection.2000-03-23 A logical record length version of the dataset is now available in addition to the SPSS export file previously released. SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been created. Funding insitution(s): Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (Canada) (412-96-0007).
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2593 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02593.v2
  • Andersen, Robert, Fox, John. Pre-election polls and the dynamics of the 1997 Canadian Federal Election. Electoral Studies.20, (1), 87-108.2001.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0261-3794(00)00003-2 (DOI)
  • Blais, Andre, Gidengil, Elisabeth, Nadeau, Richard, Nevitte, Neil. Measuring party identification: Britain, Canada, and the United States. Political Behavior.64, (1), 5-22.2001.
    • ID: 10.1023/A:1017665513905 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15