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Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 1997

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
  • United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Prisons
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Survey of Inmates of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series
Publication Date
2000-06-01
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
  • United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Prisons
Language
English
Free Keywords
correctional facilities; correctional facilities (adults); corrections; criminal histories; drug abuse; HIV; inmate classification; inmate deaths; inmate populations; inmate programs; inmates; offenses; prison conditions; substance abuse; treatment programs
Description
  • Abstract

    Conducted by the Bureau of the Census, this survey provides nationally representative data on state prison inmates and sentenced federal inmates held in federally owned and operated facilities. Through personal interviews from June-October 1997, inmates in both state and federal prisons provided information about their current offense and sentence, criminal history, family background and personal characteristics, prior drug and alcohol use and treatment programs, gun possession and use, gang membership, and prison activities, programs, and services. Prior surveys of state prison inmates, called SURVEY OF INMATES OF STATE CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES, were conducted in 1974, 1979, 1986, and 1991 (see ICPSR 7811, 7856, 8711, and 6086). Sentenced federal prison inmates were first interviewed in 1991 (see SURVEY OF INMATES OF FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES, 1991 [ICPSR 6037]). The federal data are combined with the state data in this collection. Part 1, Numeric Data, consists of numerically-coded responses, while Part 2, Alphanumeric Data, contains free-field responses to "Specify, Other" questions in ASCII text form.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created online analysis version with question text.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Numeric Data
    • DS2: Alphanumeric Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1997
  • 1997-06 / 1997-10
    Collection date: 1997-06--1997-10
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Inmates in state and federal prisons in the United States.
Collection Mode
  • Compiled by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census

Note
2006-03-30 File CB2598.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.2002-03-05 The codebook for this collection is now available with clarified descriptions of Variables r26 and r27 in Part 1, Numeric Data. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (041261). United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Prisons.
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2598 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02598.v1
Publications
  • Felson, Richard B., Staff, Jeremy. Committing economic crime for drug money. Crime and Delinquency.2015.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128715591696 (DOI)
  • Patterson, Evelyn J., Wildeman, Christopher J.. Mass imprisonment and the life course revisited: Cumulative years spent imprisoned and marked for working-age Black and White men. Social Science Research.53, 325-337.2015.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2015.06.011 (DOI)
  • Ewert, Stephanie, Sykes, Bryan L., Pettit, Becky. The degree of disadvantage: Incarceration and inequality in education. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.651, (1), 24-43.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0002716213503100 (DOI)
  • National Research Council. The Growth of Incarceration in the United States: Exploring Causes and Consequences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. 2014.
    • ID: http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=18613 (URL)
  • Orrick, Erin A., Piquero, Alex R.. Assessing the impact of Mexican nativity on sentence length. Criminal Justice Policy Review.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0887403414528949 (DOI)
  • Sykes, Bryan L., Pettit, Becky. Mass incarceration, family complexity, and the reproduction of childhood disadvantage. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.654, (1), 127-149.2014.
    • ID: 10.1177/0002716214526345 (DOI)
  • Culp, Richard, Youstin, Tasha J., Englander, Kristin, Lynch, James. From war to prison: Examining the relationship between military service and criminal activity. Justice Quarterly.30, (4), 651-680.2013.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418825.2011.615755 (DOI)
  • Felson, Richard B., Bonkiewicz, Luke. Guns and trafficking in crack-cocaine and other drug markets. Crime and Delinquency.59, (3), 319-343.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128711398023 (DOI)
  • Phelps, Michelle S.. The paradox of probation: Community supervision in the age of mass incarceration. Law and Policy.35, (1-2), 51-80.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/lapo.12002 (DOI)
  • Steiner, Benjamin, Wooldredge, John. Implications of different outcome measures for an understanding of inmate misconduct. Crime and Delinquency.59, (8), 1234-1262.2013.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128709335151 (DOI)
  • Bushway, Shawn, Tsao, Hi-Shien, Smith, Herbert L.. Has the U.S. Prison Boom Changed the Age-Distribution of the Prison Population?. Population Association of America 2012 Annual Meeting.San Francisco, CA. 2012.
    • ID: http://paa2012.princeton.edu/papers/121877 (URL)
  • Chamberlain, Alyssa Whitby. Offender rehabilitation: Examining changes in inmate treatment characteristics, program participation, and institutional behavior. Justice Quarterly.29, (2), 183-228.2012.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418825.2010.549833 (DOI)
  • Felson, Richard B., Massoglia, Michael. When is violence planned?. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.27, (4), 753-774.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/0886260511423238 (DOI)
  • Bushway, Shawn D., Tsao, Hui-Shien, Smith, Herbert L.. Has the U.S. Prison Boom Changed the Age Distribution of the Prison Population?. . 2011.
    • ID: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/newsevents/workshops/2011/participants/papers/6-BushwayTsaoSmith.pdf (URL)
  • Kadlecek, Bennie G., III. Religiosity and Respect in Prisons. Thesis, Lamar University. 2011.
  • Leon, Chrysanthi S.. Sex Fiends, Perverts, and Pedophiles: Understanding Sex Crime Policy in America. New York, NY: New York University Press. 2011.
  • Phelps, Michelle S.. Rehabilitation in the punitive era: The gap between rhetoric and reality in U.S. prison programs. Law and Society Review.45, (1), 33-68.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-5893.2011.00427.x (DOI)
  • Rosenfeld, Jake, Pettit, Becky, Laird, Jennifer, Sykes, Bryan. Incarceration and Racial Inequality in Voter Turnout. Seattle, WA. 2011.
  • Thompson, Melissa. Gender, Race, and Mental Illness in the Criminal Justice System. Corrections and Mental Health.1, Washington, DC: National Institute of Corrections. 2011.
  • Ewert, Stephanie, Pettit, Becky, Sykes, Bryan. The Degree of Disadvantage: Incarceration and Racial Inequality in Education. University of Washington, . 2010.
    • ID: http://faculty.washington.edu/blsykes/Publications_files/asr_prison_ed_FINAL-1.pdf (URL)
  • Felson, Richard B., Kelsea Jo Lane. Does violence involving women and intimate partners have a special etiology?. Criminology.48, (1), 321-328.2010.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2010.00186.x (DOI)
  • Felson, Richard B., Staff, Jeremy. The effects of alcohol intoxication on violent versus other offending. Criminal Justice and Behavior.37, (11), 1343-1360.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854810382003 (DOI)
  • Harris, Alexes, Evans, Heather, Beckett, Katherine. Drawing blood from stones: Legal debt and social inequality in the contemporary United States. American Journal of Sociology.115, (6), 1753-1799.2010.
    • ID: 10.1086/651940 (DOI)
  • Patterson, Evelyn J.. Incarcerating death: Mortality in U.S. State correctional facilities, 1985-1998. Demography.47, (3), 587-607.2010.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.0.0123 (DOI)
  • Patterson, Evelyn J.. Measurement issues in corrections: Quality and compatibility of state correctional data in the United States, 1984-2000. Corrections Compendium.35, (3), 1-13.2010.
  • Stacer, Melissa J.. Incarceration Disparities: Prison Inmates and the Federalization of Crime. Dissertation, Purdue University. 2010.
  • Sykes, Bryan L., Pettit, Becky. Choice or Constraint? Mass Incarceration and Fertility Outcomes Among American Men. University of Washington, Department of Sociology, . 2010.
    • ID: http://faculty.washington.edu/blsykes/Publications_files/fertility_incarceration_v8-1.pdf (URL)
  • Felson, Richard B., Lane, Kelsea Jo. Social learning, sexual and physical abuse, and adult crime. Aggressive Behavior.35, (6), 489-501.2009.
    • ID: 10.1002/ab.20322 (DOI)
  • Scott, Kathleen. Women and Crime: The Relationship Between Selected Social and Demographic Factors and Female Crime in the United States, 1985-1997. Thesis, Howard University. 2009.
  • Sevigny, Eric L.. Excessive uniformity in Federal drug sentencing. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.25, (2), 155-180.2009.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-009-9064-z (DOI)
  • Steiner, Benjamin, Wooldredge, John. Individual and environmental effects on assaults and nonviolent rule breaking by women in prison. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.46, (4), 437-467.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427809341936 (DOI)
  • Steiner, Benjamin, Wooldredge, John. The relevance of inmate race/ethnicity versus population composition for understanding prison rule violations. Punishment and Society.11, (4), 459-510.2009.
    • ID: 10.1177/1462474509341143 (DOI)
  • The White House. National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement 2009. NCJ 225448, Washington, DC: Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs09/ndcs09_data_supl/09datasupplement.pdf (URL)
  • Wildeman, Christopher. Parental imprisonment, the prison boom, and the concentration of childhood disadvantage. Demography.46, (2), 265-280.2009.
  • Wooldredge, John, Steiner, Benjamin. Comparing methods for examining relationships between prison crowding and inmate violence. Justice Quarterly.26, (4), 795-826.2009.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820802427841 (DOI)
  • Fargo, Jamison D.. An empirical taxonomy of incarcerated male sexual offenders using finite mixture modeling: Adult victims. The Proceedings of the 2007 North American Correctional and Criminal Justice Psychology Conference.Ottawa, ONT: Public Safety Canada. 2008.
    • ID: http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2008/ps-sp/PS3-1-2008-2E.pdf (URL)
  • Kuanliang, Attapol, Sorensen, Jon. Predictors of self-reported prison conduct. Criminal Justice Studies.21, (1), 27-35.2008.
    • ID: 10.1080/14786010801972662 (DOI)
  • Patterson, Evelyn J., Preston, Samuel H.. Estimating mean length of stay in prison: Methods and applications. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.24, (1), 33-49.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-007-9037-z (DOI)
  • Pettit, Becky, Sykes, Bryan. The Demographic Implications of the Prison Boom: Evidence of a 'Third Demographic Transition'?. University of Washington, Department of Sociology, . 2008.
    • ID: http://faculty.washington.edu/blsykes/Papers/prison_demography_3.pdf (URL)
  • Silver, Eric, Felson, Richard B., Vaneseltine, Matthew. The relationship between mental health problems and violence among criminal offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior.35, (4), 405-426.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854807312851 (DOI)
  • Steiner, Benjamin, Wooldredge, John. Inmate versus environmental effects on prison rule violations. Criminal Justice and Behavior.35, (4), 348-456.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/0093854807312787 (DOI)
  • CSR Incorporated. Alcohol Epidemiologic Data Directory. Arlington, VA: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2007.
    • ID: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/2007DataDirectory/2007%20Data%20Directory.pdf (URL)
  • Dallaire, Danielle H.. Incarcerated mothers and fathers: A comparison of risks for children and families. Family Relations.56, (5), 440-453.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1741-3729.2007.00472.x (DOI)
  • Doerner, Jill, Goodlin, Wendi, Gulbis, Angelika, Salmons, Kristi. The Consequences of Incarceration on Aging Prisoners: An Examination of Well-Being and Overall Health Outcomes. Atlanta, GA. 2007.
  • Greenberg, Greg A., Rosenheck, Robert A., Desai, Rani A.. Risk of incarceration among male veterans and nonveterans: Are veterans of the All Volunteer Force at greater risk?. Armed Forces and Society.33, (3), 337-350.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/0095327X06296585 (DOI)
  • Klein, Steven, Tolbert, Michelle. Correctional education: Getting the data we need. Journal of Correctional Education.58, (3), 284-292.2007.
  • Leigey, Margaret E.. Life While Serving Life: Examining the Correctional Experiences of Older Inmates Serving a Life Without Parole Sentence. Dissertation, University of Delaware. 2007.
  • Maruschak, Laura M.. HIV in Prisons, 2005. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin.NCJ 218915, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2007.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/hivp05.pdf (URL)
  • Patterson, Evelyn J.D.. A Demography of Incarceration: An Analysis of Measurement and Mortality in United States' State Correctional Facilities, 1985-1998. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. 2007.
  • Wakefield, Sara. The Consequences of Incarceration for Parents and Children. Dissertation, University of Minnesota. 2007.
  • Wildeman, Christopher. Parental Imprisonment, the Prison Boom and the Concentration of Childhood Disadvantage. Population Association of America 2007 Annual Meeting.New York, NY. 2007.
  • Harris, Megan E.. Following in Their Footsteps: The Risks of the Intergenerational Cycle of Incarceration Among Inmates and Their Children. Thesis, Clemson University. 2006.
  • Jiang, Shanhe, Winfree, L. Thomas, Jr.. Support, gender, and inmate adjustment to prison life: Insights from a national sample. Prison Journal.86, (1), 32-55.2006.
    • ID: 10.1177/0032885505283876 (DOI)
  • Kinney, Nancy T.. The implications for inmate rights of the voluntary provision of religious services. Criminal Justice Policy Review.17, (2), 188-201.2006.
    • ID: 10.1177/0887403405280943 (DOI)
  • Manza, Jeff, Uggen, Christopher. Locked Out: Felon Disenfranchisement and American Democracy. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 2006.
  • Miller, Ted R., Levy, David T., Cohen, Mark A., Cox, Kenya L.. Costs of alcohol and drug-involved crime. Prevention Science.7, (4), 333-342.2006.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-006-0041-6 (DOI)
  • Palla, Seri. Breaking the Rules: Using Theories of Deprivation and Importation to Analyze Inmate Behavior. Dissertation, American University. 2006.
  • Sevigny, Eric L.. The Tyranny of Quantity: How the Overemphasis on Drug Quantity in Federal Drug Sentencing Leads to Disparate and Anomalous Sentencing Outcomes. Dissertation, University of Pittsburg. 2006.
  • Uggen, Christopher, Manza, Jeff, Thompson, Melissa. Citizenship, democracy, and the civic reintegration of criminal offenders. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.605, (1), 281-310.2006.
    • ID: 10.1177/0002716206286898 (DOI)
  • Weissinger, George. Law Enforcement and the INS: A Participant Observation Study of Control Agents. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. 2006.
  • Belenko, Steven, Peugh, Jordan. Estimating drug treatment needs among state prison inmates. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.77, (3), 269-281.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2004.08.023 (DOI)
  • Blumstein, Alfred, Beck, Allen J.. Reentry as a Transient State between Liberty and Recommitment. Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2005.
  • Caulkins, Jonathan P., Sevigny, Eric L.. How many people does the U.S. imprison for drug use, and who are they?. Contemporary Drug Problems.32, 405-428.2005.
  • Durose, Matthew R., Harlow, Caroline Wolf, Langan, Patrick A., Motivans, Mark, Rantala, Ramona R., Smith, Erica L., Constantin, Elizabeth. Family Violence Statistics Including Statistics on Strangers and Acquaintances. NCJ 207846, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justic Statistics. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fvs.pdf (URL)
  • Erisman, Wendy, Contardo, Jeanne B.. Learning to Reduce Recidivism: A 50-State Analysis of Postsecondary Correctional Education Policy. Washington, DC: The Institute for Higher Education Policy. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.johnjay.edu/Erisman.pdf (URL)
  • Gallarde, Marlene K.. Parents in Prison: The Impact Differential of Gender on Incarcerated Parents. Thesis, California State University, Fullerton. 2005.
  • Jiang, Shanhe. Impact of drug use on inmate misconduct: A multilevel analysis. Journal of Criminal Justice.33, (2), 153-163.2005.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2004.12.007 (DOI)
  • Jiang, Shanhe, Fisher-Giorlando, Marianne, Mo, Liping. Social support and inmate rule violations: A multilevel analysis. American Journal of Criminal Justice.30, (1), 71-86.2005.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF02885882 (DOI)
  • Office of National Drug Control Policy. The National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement. NCJ 213692, Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President of the United States. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs06_data_supl/ (URL)
  • Office of National Drug Control Policy. Who's really in prison for marijuana?. NCJ 204299, Washington, DC: White House, Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/whos_in_prison_for_marij/ (URL)
  • Petersilia, Joan. From cell to society: Who is returning home?. Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2005.
  • Rosenfeld, Richard, Wallman, Joel, Fornango, Robert. The contribution of ex-prisoners to crime rates. Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2005.
  • Travis, Jeremy, Visher, Christy. Introduction: Viewing public safety through the reentry lens. Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2005.
  • Travis, Jeremy, Visher, Christy. Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2005.
  • Western, Bruce, Pettit, Becky. Black-White wage inequality, employment rates, and incarceration. American Journal of Sociology.111, (2), 553-581.2005.
    • ID: 10.1086/432780 (DOI)
  • Durose, Matthew, Mumola, Christopher J.. Profile of Nonviolent Offenders Exiting State Prisons. Bureau of Justice Statistics Fact Sheet.NCJ 207081, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistices. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/pnoesp.pdf (URL)
  • Klein, Steven, Tolbert, Michelle, Bugarin, Rosio, Cataldi, Emily Forrest, Tauscheck, Gina. Correctional Education: Assessing the Status of Prison Programs and Information Needs. Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.mprinc.com/products_and_publications/pdf/corred_report.pdf (URL)
  • Pettit, Becky, Western, Bruce. Mass imprisonment and the life course: Race and class inequality in U. S. incarceration. American Sociological Review.69, (2), 151-169.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/000312240406900201 (DOI)
  • Rose, Chris. Women's Participation in Prison Education: What We Know and What We Don't Know. Journal of Correctional Education.55, (1), 78-100.2004.
  • Sevigny, Eric L., Caulkins, Jonathan P.. Kingpins or mules: An analysis of drug offenders incarcerated in Federal and State prisons. Criminology and Public Policy.3, (3), 401-434.2004.
  • Thirumalai, Dhanalakshmi. Religion and Crime: A Study of Inmates in State and Federal Prisons in the United States. Thesis, East Tennessee State University. 2004.
  • Black, Jacqueline Anita. Using the Survey of Inmates of State and Federal Correctional Facilities to compare female and male inmate characteristics. Thesis, East Tennessee State University. 2003.
  • Bonczar, Thomas P.. Prevalence of Imprisonment in the U.S. Population, 1974-2001. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.NCJ 197976, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/piusp01.pdf (URL)
  • Harlow, Caroline Wolf. Education and Correctional Populations. Special Report.NCJ 195670, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/ecp.pdf (URL)
  • Kruttschnitt, Candace, Gartner, Rosemary. Women's imprisonment. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 2003.
  • MacCoun, Robert, Kilmer, Beau, Reuter, Peter. Research on Drugs-Crime Linkages: The Next Generation. NIJ Special Report.. 2003.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/194616c.pdf (URL)
  • Petersilia, Joan. When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 2003.
  • Powell, M. Anne, Nolan, Clare. California State Prisoners with Children: Findings from the 1997 Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities. CRB 03-014, Sacramento, CA: California Research Bureau, California State Library. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.library.ca.gov/crb/03/14/03-014.pdf (URL)
  • Rose, Christopher D.. Making the grade in the prison yard: Who takes advantage of educational programming while incarcerated?. Journal of Crime and Justice.26, (2), 101-124.2003.
    • ID: 10.1080/0735648X.2003.9721184 (DOI)
  • Wald, Michael, Martinez, Tia. Connected by 25: Improving the Life Chances of the Country's Most Vulnerable 14-24 Year Olds. William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Working Paper.Stanford, CA: Stanford University. 2003.
  • Johnson, Elizabeth I., Waldfogel, Jane. Children of Incarcerated Parents: Cumulative Risk and Children's Living Arrangements. Working Paper 306, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago, Joint Center for Poverty Research. 2002.
    • ID: http://www.ipr.northwestern.edu/jcpr/workingpapers/wpfiles/johnson_waldfogel.pdf (URL)
  • Johnson, Elizabeth I., Waldfogel, Jane. Parental incarceration: Recent trends and implications for child welfare. Social Service Review.76, (3), 460-479.2002.
    • ID: 10.1086/341184 (DOI)
  • King, Ryan S., Mauer, Marc. Distorted Priorities: Drug Offenders in State Prisons. Washington, DC: The Sentencing Project. 2002.
  • Beck, Allen J., Harrison, Paige M.. Prisoners in 2000. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin.NCJ 188207, Washington, DC: United States of Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. 2001.
    • ID: http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/p00.pdf (URL)
  • Finkelhor, David, Ormrod, Richard. Offenders Incarcerated for Crimes Against Juveniles. Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Crimes Against Children Series.NCJ 191028, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/191028.pdf (URL)
  • Greenfeld, Lawrence A., Henneberg, Maureen A.. Victim and offender self-reports of alcohol involvement in crime. Alcohol Research and Health.25, (1), 20-31.2001.
    • ID: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh25-1/20-31.htm (URL)
  • Harlow, Caroline Wolf. Firearm Use by Offenders. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.NCJ 189369, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fuo.pdf (URL)
  • Hughes, Timothy A., Wilson, Doris James, Beck, Allen J.. Trends in State Parole, 1990-2000. NCJ 184735, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/tsp00.pdf (URL)
  • Lynch, James P., Sabol, William J.. Prisoner Re-entry in Perspective. Crime Policy Report.Washington, DC: Urban Institute Justice Policy Center. 2001.
  • Maruschak, Laura M., Beck, Allen J.. Medical Problems of Inmates, 1997. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.NCJ 181644, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/mpi97.pdf (URL)
  • Beck, Allen J.. Prisoners in 1999. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin.NCJ 183476, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Program. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p99.pdf (URL)
  • Chaiken, Jan. Correctional Populations in the United States, 1997. NCJ 177613; NCJ 1776, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cpus97.pdf (URL)
  • Harlow, Caroline Wolf. Defense Counsel in Criminal Cases. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.NCJ 179023, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/dccc.pdf (URL)
  • Lynch, James P., Sabol, William J.. Prison Use and Social Control. Policies, Processes, and Decisions of the Criminal Justice System: Criminal Justice 2000.Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.ncjrs.gov/criminal_justice2000/vol_3/03b.pdf (URL)
  • Mumola, Christopher J.. Incarcerated Parents and Their Children. NCJ 182335, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/iptc.pdf (URL)
  • Mumola, Christopher J.. Veterans in Prison or Jail, Special Report. NCJ 178888, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/vpj.pdf (URL)
  • Stana, Richard M.. State and Federal Prisoners: Profiles of Inmate Characteristics in 1991 and 1997. Washington, DC: United States General Accounting Office. 2000.
  • Strom, Kevin J.. Profile of State Prisoners under Age 18, 1985-97, Special Report. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.NCJ 176989, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/pspa1897.pdf (URL)
  • United States General Accounting Office. State and Federal Prisoners: Profiles of Inmate Characteristics in 1991 and 1997. Washington, D. C.: United States Government Printing Office. 2000.
  • Blumstein, Alfred, Beck, Allen J.. Population growth in U. S. prisons, 1980-1996. Prisons. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research..Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1999.
  • Camp, Scott D.. Do inmate survey data reflect prison conditions? Using surveys to assess prison confinement. Prison Journal.79, (2), 250-268.1999.
    • ID: 10.1177/0032885599079002007 (DOI)
  • Ditton, Paula M.. Mental Health and Treatment of Inmates and Probationers. NCJ 174463, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1999.
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  • Harlow, Caroline Wolf. Prior Abuse Reported by Inmates and Probationers. NCJ 172879, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1999.
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  • Maruschak, Laura M.. DWI Offenders under Correctional Supervision, Special Report. NCJ 172212, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1999.
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  • Maruschak, Laura M.. HIV in Prisons and Jails, 1996. NCJ 174437, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1999.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics; United States Department of Justice. Federal Bureau of Prisons (2000): Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities, 1997. Archival Version. Survey of Inmates of State and Federal Correctional Facilities Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02598