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National Corrections Reporting Program, 1997

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP) Series
Publication Date
2000-02-01
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
correctional facilities; correctional facilities (juveniles); correctional system; demographic characteristics; federal correctional facilities; jail inmates; juvenile offenders; national crime statistics (USA); offenders; offenses; parole; prison inmates; probation; state correctional facilities
Description
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to gather data on prisoners entering and leaving the custody or supervision of state and federal authorities. Data refer to prisoners who were admitted to prison, released from prison, or released from parole in 1997. Variables include incarceration history, current offenses, and total time served. Background information on individuals includes year of birth, sex, age, race, Hispanic origin, and educational attainment.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Prison Admissions Data
    • DS2: Prison Releases Data
    • DS3: Parole Releases Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1997
  • 1997-01-01 / 1997-12-31
    Collection date: 1997-01-01--1997-12-31
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All people admitted to prison, released from prison, or discharged from parole in 1997 in the United States.
Sampling
All persons incarcerated in state prisons in 38 states and the California Youth Authority.
Collection Mode
  • Conducted by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

Note
2010-04-23 The entire NCRP series is being re-released in restricted format.2006-01-18 File SP2613.ALL was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-01-18 File SA2613.ALL was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-01-18 File CB2613.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2000-08-03 The data files were resupplied by the principal investigator because a variable had incorrect values. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Download
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2613 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02613.v1
Publications
  • Patterson, Evelyn J.. Hidden disparities: Decomposing inequalities in time served in California, 1985-2009. Law and Society Review.49, (2), 467-498.2015.
    • ID: 10.1111/lasr.12139 (DOI)
  • Kim, KiDeuk, Peterson, Bryce. Aging Behind Bars: Trends and Implications of Graying Prisoners in the Federal Prison System. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 2014.
    • ID: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/413222-Aging-Behind-Bars.pdf (URL)
  • Neal, Derek, Rick, Armin. The Prison Boom and the Lack of Black Progress After Smith and Welch. NBER Working Paper Series.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2014.
    • ID: http://www.nber.org/papers/w20283.pdf (URL)
  • Schnepel, Kevin. Good Jobs and Recidivism. Economics Working Paper Series.University of Sydney. 2014.
    • ID: http://econ-wpseries.com/2014/201410.pdf (URL)
  • Corman, Hope, Dave, Dhaval M., Reichman, Nancy E., Das, Dhiman. Effects of welfare reform on illicit drug use of adult women. Economic Inquiry.51, (1), 653-674.2013.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2012.00459.x (DOI)
  • Neal, Derek, Rick, Armin. The Prison Boom and the Lack of Black Progress After Smith and Welch. . 2013.
    • ID: http://home.uchicago.edu/~/arick/prs_boom_201309.pdf (URL)
  • Pattavina, April, Taxman, Faye S.. Using discrete-event simulation modeling to estimate the impact of RNR program implementation on recidivism levels. Simulation Strategies to Reduce Recidivism: Risk Need Responsivity (RNR) Modeling for the Criminal Justice System.New York, NY: Springer Science and Business Media. 2013.
    • ID: 10.1007/978-1-4614-6188-3_10 (DOI)
  • Patterson, Evelyn J.. The dose-response of time served in prison on mortality: New York State, 1989-2003. American Journal of Public Health.103, (3), 523-528.2013.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.301148 (DOI)
  • Baumer, Eric P., Rosenfeld, Richard, Wolff, Kevin T.. Expanding the scope of research on recent crime trends. NCJ 240204, . 2012.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/240204.pdf (URL)
  • Embry, Randa, Lyons, Phillip M., Jr.. Sex-based sentencing: Sentencing discrepancies between male and female sex offenders. Feminist Criminology.7, (2), 146-162.2012.
    • ID: 10.1177/1557085111430214 (DOI)
  • Harrison, Paige M.. The Impact of Individual, Community, and Public Policy Factors on Offender Recidivism in Four States: Bad People, Bad Places, or Bad Policy?. Dissertation, American University. 2012.
  • Heimer, Karen, Johnson, Kecia R., Lang, Joseph B., Rengifo, Andres F., Stemen, Don. Race and women's imprisonment: Poverty, African American presence, and social welfare. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.28, (2), 219-244.2012.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-011-9144-8 (DOI)
  • Schnepel, Kevin T.. Labor Market Opportunities and Crime: Evidence from Parolees. Santa Barbara, CA: University of California Santa Barbara. 2012.
    • ID: http://www.econ.ucsb.edu/about_us/events/seminar_papers/Schnepel.pdf (URL)
  • Bonczar, Thomas P.. National Corrections Reporting Program: Sentence Length of State Prisoners, By Offense, Admission Type, Sex, And Race. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2011.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetailⅈd=2056 (URL)
  • Carmichael, Jason T.. Punishing juvenile offenders as adults: An analysis of the social and political determinants of juvenile prison admissions across the United States. Sociological Focus.44, (2), 102-123.2011.
    • ID: 10.1080/00380237.2011.10571390 (DOI)
  • Pfaff, John F.. The myths and realities of correctional severity: Evidence from the National Corrections Reporting Program on sentencing practices. American Law and Economics Review.13, (2), 491-531.2011.
    • ID: 10.1093/aler/ahr010 (DOI)
  • Schlesinger, Traci. The failure of race neutral policies: How mandatory terms and sentencing enhancements contribute to mass racialized incarceration. Crime and Delinquency.57, (1), 56-81.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128708323629 (DOI)
  • Carmichael, Jason T.. Sentencing disparities for juvenile offenders sentenced to adult prisons: An individual and contextual analysis. Journal of Criminal Justice.38, (4), 747-757.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2010.05.001 (DOI)
  • Patterson, Evelyn J.. Incarcerating death: Mortality in U.S. State correctional facilities, 1985-1998. Demography.47, (3), 587-607.2010.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.0.0123 (DOI)
  • Patterson, Evelyn J.. Measurement issues in corrections: Quality and compatibility of state correctional data in the United States, 1984-2000. Corrections Compendium.35, (3), 1-13.2010.
  • Pfaff, John F.. The durability of prison populations. The University of Chicago Legal Forum.2010, (1), 73-116.2010.
  • Schupp, Paul, Rivera, Craig. Trajectory analysis of U.S. county prison admission patterns 1990-2003: A methodological demonstration. Journal of Criminal Justice Research.1, (2), 1-18.2010.
  • Hayes-Smith, Justin. Maintaining Racial Inequalities through Crime Control: The Relationship Between Residential Segregation and Mass Incarceration. Dissertation, University of Florida. 2009.
  • Keen, Bradley, Jacobs, David. Racial threat, partisan politics, and racial disparities in prison admissions: A panel analysis. Criminology.47, (1), 209-238.2009.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9125.2009.00143.x (DOI)
  • Spelman, William. Crime, cash, and limited options: Explaining the prison boom. Criminology and Public Policy.8, (1), 29-77.2009.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1745-9133.2009.00546.x (DOI)
  • The White House. National Drug Control Strategy: Data Supplement 2009. NCJ 225448, Washington, DC: Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2009.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs09/ndcs09_data_supl/09datasupplement.pdf (URL)
  • Wildeman, Christopher. Parental imprisonment, the prison boom, and the concentration of childhood disadvantage. Demography.46, (2), 265-280.2009.
  • Oliver, Pamela E.. Racial Patterns in State Trends in Prison Admissions 1983-2003: Drug and Non-Drug Sentences and Revocations. Introduction and National Graphs.. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~oliver/RACIAL/StateTrends/RacialPatterns_Intro_National.pdf (URL)
  • Oliver, Pamela E.. Racial Patterns in State Trends in Prison Admissions 1983-2003: Drug and Non-Drug Sentences and Revocations. State Graphs.. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~oliver/RACIAL/StateTrends/StateGraphs.pdf (URL)
  • Oliver, Pamela E.. Racial Patterns in State Trends in Prison Admissions 1983-2003: Drug and Non-Drug Sentences and Revocations . Comparisons Between States.. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~oliver/RACIAL/StateTrends/AllStateGraphs.pdf (URL)
  • Patterson, Evelyn J., Preston, Samuel H.. Estimating mean length of stay in prison: Methods and applications. Journal of Quantitative Criminology.24, (1), 33-49.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10940-007-9037-z (DOI)
  • Schlesinger, Traci. Equality at the price of justice. NWSA Journal.20, (2), 27-47.2008.
    • ID: 10.1353/nwsa.0.0036 (DOI)
  • The White House. National Drug Control Strategy. Data Supplement 2008.NCJ 221951, Washington, DC: Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs08_data_supl/ndcs_suppl08.pdf (URL)
  • Wildeman, Christopher J.. Parental Incarceration, the Prison Boom, and the Intergenerational Transmission of Stigma and Disadvantage. Thesis, Princeton University. 2008.
  • Campaign for Youth Justice. Jailing Juveniles: The dangers of incarcerating youth in adult jails in America. Washington, DC: Campaign for Youth Justice. 2007.
    • ID: http://www.campaignforyouthjustice.org/Downloads/NationalReportsArticles/ (URL)
  • Patterson, Evelyn J.D.. A Demography of Incarceration: An Analysis of Measurement and Mortality in United States' State Correctional Facilities, 1985-1998. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania. 2007.
  • Vieraitis, Lynne M., Kovandzic, Tomislav V., Marvell, Thomas B.. The criminogenic effects of imprisonment: Evidence from state panel data, 1974-2002. Criminology and Public Policy.6, (3), 589-622.2007.
  • Wildeman, Christopher. Parental Imprisonment, the Prison Boom and the Concentration of Childhood Disadvantage. Population Association of America 2007 Annual Meeting.New York, NY. 2007.
  • Carmichael, Jason T.. The Political Sociology of Juvenile Punishment: Treating Juvenile Offenders as Adults. Dissertation, The Ohio State University. 2006.
  • Western, Bruce. Did falling wages and employment increase U.S. imprisonment?. Social Forces.84, (4), 2291-2312.2006.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.2006.0114 (DOI)
  • Blumstein, Alfred, Beck, Allen J.. Reentry as a Transient State between Liberty and Recommitment. Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2005.
  • Culp, Richard F.. Frequency and characteristics of prison escapes in the United States: An analysis of national data. Prison Journal.85, (3), 270-291.2005.
    • ID: 10.1177/0032885505279412 (DOI)
  • Iguchi, Martin Y., Bell, James, Ramchand, Rajeev N., Fain, Terry. How criminal system racial disparities may translate into health disparities. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved.16, (4 Sup. B), 48-56.2005.
    • ID: 10.1353/hpu.2005.0114 (DOI)
  • Rosenfeld, Richard, Wallman, Joel, Fornango, Robert. The contribution of ex-prisoners to crime rates. Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2005.
  • Travis, Jeremy, Visher, Christy. Introduction: Viewing public safety through the reentry lens. Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America.New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2005.
  • Travis, Jeremy, Visher, Christy. Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 2005.
  • Baicker, Katherine. The budgetary repercussions of capital convictions. Advances in Economic Analysis and Policy.4, 2004.
    • ID: 10.2202/1538-0637.1311 (DOI)
  • Nicholson-Crotty, Sean. The Impact of Sentencing Guidelines on State-Level Sanctions: An Analysis Over Time. Crime and Delinquency.50, (3), 399-411.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128703258941 (DOI)
  • Oliver, Pamela E., Yocom, James E.. Explaining State Black Imprisonment Rates 1983-1999. San Francisco, CA. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~oliver/RACIAL/Reports/OliverYocomPercent%20BlackAug04.pdf; http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~oliver/RACIAL/Reports/OliverYocomASA2004Tables.pdf (URL)
  • Pettit, Becky, Western, Bruce. Mass imprisonment and the life course: Race and class inequality in U. S. incarceration. American Sociological Review.69, (2), 151-169.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/000312240406900201 (DOI)
  • Shepherd, Joanna M.. Murders of passion, execution delays, and the deterrence of capital punishment. Journal of Legal Studies.33, (2), 283-321.2004.
    • ID: 10.1086/421571 (DOI)
  • Bonczar, Thomas P.. Prevalence of Imprisonment in the U.S. Population, 1974-2001. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.NCJ 197976, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2003.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/piusp01.pdf (URL)
  • Boylan, Richard T., Long, Cheryl X.. Measuring public corruption in the American States: A survey of State House reporters. State Politics and Policy Quarterly.3, (4), 420-438.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/153244000300300405 (DOI)
  • Ireland, Connie M.S.. Race, Drugs and Politics: Social Construction of a Prison Nation. University of California, Irvine. 2003.
  • Kruttschnitt, Candace, Gartner, Rosemary. Women's imprisonment. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 2003.
  • Sorenson, Jon, Hope, Robert, Stemen, Robert. Racial disproportionality in state prison admissions: Can regional variation be explained by differential arrest rates?. Journal of Criminal Justice.31, (1), 73-84.2003.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0047-2352(02)00200-3 (DOI)
  • Sorensen, Jon, Stemen, Don. The effect of state sentencing policies on incarceration rates. Crime and Delinquency.48, (3), 456-475.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128702048003005 (DOI)
  • Hughes, Timothy A., Wilson, Doris James, Beck, Allen J.. Trends in State Parole, 1990-2000. NCJ 184735, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/tsp00.pdf (URL)
  • Justice Research and Statistics Association. Crime and Justice Atlas 2001 Update. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.jrsa.org/programs/Crime_Atlas_2001-update.pdf (URL)
  • Lynch, James P., Sabol, William J.. Prisoner Re-entry in Perspective. Crime Policy Report.Washington, DC: Urban Institute Justice Policy Center. 2001.
  • Chaiken, Jan. Correctional Populations in the United States, 1997. NCJ 177613; NCJ 1776, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cpus97.pdf (URL)
  • Justice Research and Statistics Association. Crime and Justice Atlas 2000. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.jrsa.org/programs/Crime_Atlas_2000.pdf (URL)
  • Greenfeld, Lawrence A., Snell, Tracy L.. Women Offenders. NCJ 175688, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1999.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/wo.pdf (URL)
  • Riveland, Chase. Prison management trends, 1975-2025. Prisons. Crime and Justice: A Review of Research.Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 1999.
  • Beck, Allen J.. Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 1997. NCJ 167247, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1998.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (2000): National Corrections Reporting Program, 1997. Version 2. National Corrections Reporting Program (NCRP) Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02613.v2