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National Hospital Discharge Survey, 1996

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Hospital Discharge Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
demographic characteristics; health care facilities; hospitalization; hospitals; illness; medical care; medical evaluation; medical procedures; medical records; patients; payment methods; treatment
  • Abstract

    The National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) collects medical and demographic information annually from a sample of hospital discharge records. Variables include patients' demographic characteristics (sex, age, race, marital status), dates of admission and discharge, status at discharge, final diagnoses, surgical and nonsurgical procedures, dates of surgeries, and sources of payment. Information on hospital characteristics such as bedsize, ownership, and region of the country is also included. The medical information is coded using the INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASES, 9TH REVISION, CLINICAL MODIFICATION (ICD-9-CM).
  • Table of Contents


Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1996
  • Collection date: 1996
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Patient discharges from nonfederal short-stay hospitals located in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
The redesigned (as of 1988) NHDS sample includes with certainty all hospitals with 1,000 or more beds or 40,000 or more discharges annually. The remaining sample of hospitals is based on a stratified three-stage design. The first stage consists of selection of 112 primary sampling units (PSUs) that comprise a probability subsample of PSUs used in the 1985-1994 National Health Interview Surveys. The second stage consists of selection of noncertainty hospitals from the sample PSUs. At the third stage, a sample of discharges was selected by a systematic random sampling technique. For 1996, the sample consisted of 525 hospitals. Of these, 18 were found to be ineligible. Of the 507 eligible hospitals, 480 hospitals responded to the survey.
2006-04-05 The data have been reformatted.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2620 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02620.v1
  • Sewell, Justin L., Yee, Hal F., Jr., Inadomi, John M.. Hospitalizations are increasing among minority patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.16, (2), 204-207.2010.
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  • Brown, David W., Croft, Janet B., Greenlund, Kurt J., Mensah, George A., Giles, Wayne H.. Trends in hospitalization for the implantation of cardioverter-defibrillators in the United States, 1990–2005. American Journal of Cardiology.101, (12), 1753-1755.2008.
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  • Croft, JB, Flowers, NT. Hospitalization discharge diagnoses for kidney disease-United States, 1980-2005. JAMA.299, (18), 2144-2145.2008.
  • DeFrances, Carol J., Lucas, Christine A., Buie, Verita C., Golosinskiy, Aleksandr. 2006 National Hospital Discharge Survey . National Health Statistics Reports.Hyattsville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. 2008.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Fang, Jing, Mensah, George A., Croft, Janet B., Keenan, Nora L.. Heart Failure-Related Hospitalization in the U.S., 1979 to 2004 . 52, 428-435.2008.
  • Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo, Ringel, Jeanne, Dobkin, Carlos, Truong, Khoa. The incremental inpatient costs associated with marijuana comorbidity. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.92, (1-3), 248-257.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.08.011 (DOI)
  • Tahir, Syed M., Price, Lori L., Shah, Pinak B., Welt, Frederick. Eighteen year (1985–2002) analysis of incidence, mortality, and cardiac procedure outcomes of acute myocardial infarction in patients ≥ 65 years of age. American Journal of Cardiology.101, (7), 930-936.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2007.11.040 (DOI)
  • Bewtra, Meenakshi, Chinyu, Su, Lewis, James. Trends in hospitalization rates for inflammatory bowel disease in the United States. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.5, (5), 597-601.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.cgh.2007.01.015 (DOI)
  • Gruber, Jonathan, Dafney, Leemore. Public insurance and child hospitalizations: Access and efficiency effects. Journal of Public Economics.89, (1), 109-129.2005.
  • Etzioni, David A., Liu, Jerome H., Maggard, Melinda A., O'Connell, Jessica B., Ko, Clifford Y.. The increasing workload of general surgery. Archives of Surgery.139, 423-428.2004.
  • Foreman, MG, Mannino, DM, Moss M. Cirrhosis as a risk factor for sepsis and death: Analysis of the National Hospital Discharge Survey. Chest.124, (3), 1016-1020.2003.
    • ID: 10.1378/chest.124.3.1016 (DOI)
  • Snowden, Ceclia B., Miller, Ted R., Jensen, Alan F., Lawrence, Bruce A.. Costs of Medically Treated Craniofacial Conditions. Public Health Reports.118, (1), 10-17.2003.
  • Jean Kozak, Lola, Dawson Weeks, Julie. U.S. trends in obstetric procedures, 1990–2000. Birth.29, (3), 157-161.2002.
  • Brown, A.S., Gwinn, M., Cogswell, M.E., Khoury, M.J.. Hemochromatosis-associated morbidity in the United States: an analysis of the National Hospital Discharge Survey, 1979-1997. Genetics in Medicine.3, (2), 109-111.2001.
    • ID: 10.1097/00125817-200103000-00004 (DOI)
  • Dowell, Scott F., Kupronis, Benjamin A., Zell, Elizabeth R., Shay, David K.. Mortality from Pneumonia in Children in the United States, 1939 through 1996. New England Journal of Medicine.342, (19), 1399-1407.2000.
    • ID: 10.1056/NEJM200005113421904 (DOI)
  • Parashar, U.D., Holman, R.C., Cummings, K.C., Staggs, N.W., Curns, A.T., Zimmerman, C.M., Kaufman, S.F., Lewis, J.E., Vugia, D.J., Powell, K.E., Glass, R.I.. Trends in intussusception-associated hospitalizations and deaths among US infants. Pediatrics.106, (6), 1413-1421.2000.
    • ID: 10.1542/peds.106.6.1413 (DOI)
  • Desai, M.M., Zhang, P., Hennessy, C.H.. Surveillance for morbidity and mortality among older adults--United States, 1995-1996. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.48, (8), 7-25.1999.
  • Feinglass, Joe, Brown, Jacqueline L., Lo Sasso, Anthony, Sohn, Min-Woong, Manheim, L.M., Shah, S.J., Pearce, W.H.. Rates of lower-extremity amputation and arterial reconstruction in the United States, 1979 to 1996. American Journal of Public Health.89, (8), 1222-1227.1999.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.89.8.1222 (DOI)
  • Graves, Edmund J., Kozak, Lola Jean. National Hospital Discharge Survey: Annual Summary, 1996. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 13: Data From the National Health Survey.140, Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Shay, D.K., Holman, R.C., Newman, R.D., Liu, L.L., Stout, J.W., Anderson, L.J.. Bronchiolitis-associated hospitalizations among US children, 1980-1996. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.282, (15), 1440-1446.1999.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.282.15.1440 (DOI)
  • Graves, Edmund J., Kozak, Lola Jean. Detailed diagnoses and procedures, National Hospital Discharge Survey, 1996. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 13: Data From the National Health Survey.138, Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Owings, Maria F., Kozak, Lola Jean. Ambulatory and Inpatient Procedures in the United States, 1996. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 13: Data From the National Health Survey.139, Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (1999): National Hospital Discharge Survey, 1996. Archival Version. National Hospital Discharge Survey Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.