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Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1996 Panel

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series
Publication Date
1999-04-30
Language
English
Free Keywords
education; employment; families; financial assets; government programs; health status; housing conditions; households; income; income distribution; investments; labor force; personal finances; population migration; poverty; socioeconomic status; unearned income; unemployment; wages and salaries; wealth
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection is part of a longitudinal survey designed to provide detailed information on the economic situation of households and persons in the United States. These data examine the distribution of income, wealth, and poverty in American society and gauge the effects of federal and state programs on the well-being of families and individuals. There are three basic elements contained in the survey. The first is a control card that records basic social and demographic characteristics for each person in a household, as well as changes in such characteristics over the course of the interviewing period. These include age, sex, race, ethnic origin, marital status, household relationship, education, and veteran status. Limited data are provided on housing unit characteristics such as units in structure, tenure, access, and complete kitchen facilities. The second element is the core portion of the questionnaire, with questions repeated at each interview on labor force activity, types and amounts of income, and participation in various cash and noncash benefit programs for each month of the four-month reference period. Data for employed persons include number of hours and weeks worked, earnings, and weeks without a job. Nonworkers are classified as unemployed or not in the labor force. In addition to providing income data associated with labor force activity, the core questions cover nearly 50 other types of income. Core data also include postsecondary school attendance, public or private subsidized rental housing, low-income energy assistance, and school breakfast and lunch participation. The third element consists of topical modules, which are a series of supplemental questions asked during selected household visits. Topical modules include some core data to link individuals to the core files. The Wave 1 Topical Module covers recipiency and employment history. The Wave 2 Topical Module includes work disability, education and training, marital, migration, and fertility histories, and household relationships. The Wave 3 Topical Module covers medical expenses and utilization of health care, work-related expenses and child support, assets and liabilities, real estate, shelter costs, dependent care and vehicles, value of business, interest earning accounts, rental properties, stocks and mutual fund shares, mortgages, and other assets. The Wave 4 Topical Module covers disability, taxes, child care, and annual income and retirement accounts. Data in the Wave 5 Topical Module describe child support, school enrollment and financing, support for nonhousehold members, adult and child disability, and employer-provided health benefits. Data in the Wave 6 Topical Module provide information on medical expenses, work-related expenses and child support paid, assets and liabilities, real estate, shelter costs, dependent care and vehicles, value of business, interest-earning accounts, rental properties, stock and mutual fund shares, mortgages, other financial investments. Wave 7 Topical Module includes annual income and retirement accounts, home health care, retirement expectations and pension plan coverage, and taxes. Wave 8 Topical Module covers adult well-being and welfare reform. Wave 9 Topical Module is the same as Waves 3 and 6 Topical Modules. Wave 10 Topical Module focuses on work schedules, disablility, taxes, child care, and annual income and retirement. Wave 11 includes child support, support for nonhousehold members, and adult and child disability. Wave 12 Topical Module is the same as Waves 3, 6, and 9 but also includes child well-being.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Wave 1 Core Microdata File
    • DS2: Wave 1 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS3: Wave 2 Core Microdata File
    • DS4: Wave 2 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS5: Wave 3 Core Microdata File
    • DS6: Wave 3 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS7: Wave 4 Core Microdata File
    • DS8: Wave 4 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS9: Wave 5 Core Microdata File
    • DS10: Wave 5 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS11: Wave 6 Core Microdata File
    • DS12: Wave 6 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS13: Wave 7 Core Microdata File
    • DS14: Wave 7 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS15: Wave 8 Core Microdata File
    • DS16: Wave 8 Topical Module Micrdata File
    • DS17: Wave 9 Core Microdata File
    • DS18: Wave 9 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS19: Wave 10 Core Microdata File
    • DS20: Wave 10 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS21: Wave 11 Core Microdata File
    • DS22: Wave 11 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS23: Wave 12 Core Microdata File
    • DS24: Wave 12 Topical Module Microdata File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1995-12 / 2000-02
    Time period: 1995-12--2000-02
  • 1996-04 / 2000-03
    Collection date: 1996-04--2000-03
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The resident population of the United States, excluding persons living in institutions and military barracks.
Sampling
A multistage stratified sampling design was used. One-fourth of the sample households were interviewed each month, and households were reinterviewed at four-month intervals. All persons at least 15 years old who were present as household members at the time of the first interview were included for the entire study, except those who joined the military, were institutionalized for the entire study period, or moved from the United States. Original household members who moved during the study period were followed to their new residences and interviewed there. New persons moving into households of members of the original sample were also included in the survey, but were not followed if they left the household of an original sample person.
Note
2003-10-30 Replacing data for Parts 1-5, Wave 1 Core and Topical Module, Wave 2 Core and Topical Module, and Wave 3 Core. Replacing Part 4 Database Dictionary and Codebook. Replacing the Codebooks for Parts 6, 8, and 10, Waves 3, 4, 6 Topical Modules. Adding Parts 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, and 24, Waves 7-12 Topical Modules. This completes the 1996 Panel.2001-12-21 Parts 10 and 12 (Waves 5 and 6 Topical Module Microdata Files) have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks.2001-11-27 Parts 6, 8, 19, 21, and 23 (Waves 3 and 4 Topical Modules and Waves 10-12 Core Microdata files) have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks.2001-11-21 Parts 6, 8, 19, 21, and 23 (Waves 3 and 4 Topical Modules and Waves 10-12 Core Microdata files) have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks.2001-05-09 Parts 13, 15, and 17 (Waves 7, 8, and 9 Core Microdata Files) have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks. Also, the codebooks for Parts 9 and 11 (Waves 5 and 6 Core Microdata Files) have been added.2000-09-11 Parts 7, 9, and 11, the Waves 4, 5, and 6 Core Microdata Files, have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and a PDF codebook for Part 7 only. Also, the data dictionaries and codebooks for Parts 2 and 4 (Waves 1 and 2 Topical Module Microdata Files) have been replaced.2000-05-01 Part 4, Wave 2 Topical Module Microdata File, and Part 5, Wave 3 Core Microdata File, have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks for each file.
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2625 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02625.v1
Publications
  • Lim, Younghee, Coulton, Claudia J., Lalich, Nina. State TANF policies and employment outcomes among welfare leavers. Social Service Review.83, (4), 525-555.2009.
    • ID: 10.1086/650532 (DOI)
  • Boushey, Heather. Family friendly policies: Helping mothers make ends meet. Review of Social Economy.66, (1), 51-70.2008.
    • ID: 10.1080/00346760701668446 (DOI)
  • Nielsen, Robert B., Garasky, Steven. Health insurance stability and health status: Do family-level coverage patterns matter?. Journal of Family Issues.29, (11), 1471-1491.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/0192513X08316254 (DOI)
  • Pandey, Shanta, Kim, Jeoung-hee. Path to poverty alleviation: Marriage or postsecondary education?. Journal of Family and Economic Issues.29, (1), 166-184.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10834-007-9088-1 (DOI)
  • Cheng, Tyrone C.. Impact of work requirements on the psychological well-being of TANF recipients. Health and Social Work.32, (1), 41-48.2007.
    • ID: 10.1093/hsw/32.1.41 (DOI)
  • Copeland, Craig. 401(k)-type plans and individual retirement accounts (IRAs). EBRI Notes.28, (10), 2-13.2007.
  • Duggan, Mark G., Kearney, Melissa Schettini. The impact of child SSI enrollment on household outcomes. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.26, (4), 861-886.2007.
    • ID: 10.1002/pam.20289 (DOI)
  • Herbert, Christopher E., Tsen, Winnie. The potential of downpayment assistance for increasing homeownership among minority and low-income households. Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research.9, (2), 153-183.2007.
  • Lofstrom, Magnus, Wang, Chunbei. Mexican-Hispanic self-employment entry: The role of business start-up constraints. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.613, (1), 32-46.2007.
    • ID: 10.1177/0002716207303577 (DOI)
  • Lopoo, Leonard M.. While the cat's away, do the mice play? Maternal employment and the after-school activities of adolescents. Social Science Quarterly.88, (5), 1357-1373.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2007.00506.x (DOI)
  • Rupp, Kalman, Strand, Alexander, Davies, Paul, Sears, Jim. Benefit adequacy among elderly social security retired-worker beneficiaries and the SSI Federal Benefit Rate. Social Security Bulletin.67, (3), 29-51.2007.
  • Schwabish, Jonathan A.. Take a penny, leave a penny: The propensity to round earnings in survey data. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement.32, (2), 93-111.2007.
  • She, Peiyun, Livermore, Gina A.. Material hardship, poverty, and disability among working-age adults. Social Science Quarterly.88, (4), 970-989.2007.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2007.00513.x (DOI)
  • Van Hook, Jennifer, Glick, Jennifer E.. Immigration and living arrangements: Moving beyond economic need versus acculturation. Demography.44, (2), 225-249.2007.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2007.0019 (DOI)
  • Wu, Chi-Fang, Eamon, Mary Keegan. Public and private sources of assistance for low-income households. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare.34, (4), 121-149.2007.
  • Boushey, Heather, Wenger, Jeffrey B.. Unemployment insurance eligibility before and after welfare reform. Journal of Poverty.10, (3), 1-23.2006.
    • ID: 10.1300/J134v10n03_01 (DOI)
  • Cobb-Clark, Deborah A., Hildebrand, Vincent A.. The portfolio choices of hispanic couples. Social Science Quarterly.87, (5), 1344-1363.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2006.00431.x (DOI)
  • Gangl, Markus. Scar effects of unemployment: An assessment of institutional complementarities. American Sociological Review.71, (6), 986-1013.2006.
    • ID: 10.1177/000312240607100606 (DOI)
  • Graefe, Deborah Roempke, De Jong, Gordon F., May, Dee C.. Work disability and migration in the early years of welfare reform. Population Research and Policy Review.25, (4), 358-368.2006.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11113-006-9001-x (DOI)
  • Hanratty, Maria J.. Has the food stamp program become more accessible?. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.25, (3), 603-621.2006.
    • ID: 10.1002/pam.20193 (DOI)
  • Manning, Wendy D.. Cohabitation and child well-being. Gender Issues.23, (3), 21-34.2006.
    • ID: 10.1007/BF03186775 (DOI)
  • Martin, Steven P.. Trends in marital dissolution by women's education in the United States. Demographic Research.15, (20), 537-560.2006.
    • ID: 10.4054/DemRes.2006.15.20 (DOI)
  • Moon, Sangho, Shin, Jaeun. The effect of the Americans with Disabilities Act on economic well-being of men with disabilities. Health Policy.76, (3), 266-276.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2005.06.010 (DOI)
  • Sanz-de-Galdeano, Anna. Job-Lock and public policy: Clinton's second mandate. Industrial and Labor Relations Review.59, (3), 430-437.2006.
  • Sullivan, James X.. Welfare reform, saving, and vehicle ownership: Do asset limits and vehicle exemptions matter?. Journal of Human Resources.41, (1), 72-105.2006.
  • Washington, Ebonya. The impact of banking and fringe banking regulation on the number of unbanked Americans. Journal of Human Resources.41, (1), 106-137.2006.
  • Almond, Douglas, Mazumder, Bhashkar. 1918 influenza pandemic and subsequent health outcomes: An analysis of SIPP data. American Economic Review.95 , (2), 258-262.2005.
    • ID: 10.1257/000282805774669943 (DOI)
  • Brandon, Peter D.. Welfare receipt among children living with grandparents. Population Research and Policy Review.24, (5), 411-429.2005.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11113-005-4437-y (DOI)
  • Copeland, Craig. 401(k)-type plan and IRA ownership. EBRI Notes.26, (1), 1-8.2005.
  • De Jong, Gordon F., Graefe, Deborah Roempke, St. Pierre, Tanja. Welfare Reform and Interstate Migration of Poor Families. Demography.42, (3), 469-496.2005.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2005.0024 (DOI)
  • Dey, Matthew S., Flinn, Christopher J.. An equilibrium model of health insurance provision and wage determination. Econometrica.73, (2), 571-627.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1468-0262.2005.00588.x (DOI)
  • Fronstin, Paul. Employment-based health benefits: Trends in access and coverage. EBRI Issue Brief No. 284.284, . 2005.
  • Gottschalk, Peter, Huynh, Minh. Changes in the Distribution of Long-Run Earnings and Retirement Incomes--Have Recent Cohorts Fallen Behind? . CRR WP 2004-34, Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.bc.edu/centers/crr/papers/wp_2005-34.pdf (URL)
  • Gottschalk, Peter, Huynh, Minh. Validation Study of Earnings Data in the SIPP--Do Older Workers Have Larger Measurement Error?. CRR WP 2005-07, Chestnut Hill, MA: Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.bc.edu/centers/crr/papers/wp_2005-07.pdf (URL)
  • McKernan, Signe-Mary, Ratcliffe, Caroline. Events that trigger poverty entries and exits. Social Science Quarterly.86, (Supp.), 1146-1169.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0038-4941.2005.00340.x (DOI)
  • Noonan, Mary C., Heflin, Colleen M.. Does Welfare participation affect women's wages?. Social Science Quarterly.86, (Supp. ), 1123-1145.2005.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.0038-4941.2005.00339.x (DOI)
  • Ozawa, Martha N., Yoon, Hong-Sik. 'Leavers' from TANF and AFDC: How do they fare economically?. Social Work.50, (3), 239-249.2005.
    • ID: 10.1093/sw/50.3.239 (DOI)
  • Rosenbaum, Dan T., Ruhm, Christopher. The Cost of Caring for Young Children. IZA Discussion Paper No. 1860.1860, Bonn, Germany: Institute for the Study of Labor. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.iza.org/en/webcontent/publications/papers?dp_id=1860 (URL)
  • Winkler, Anne E., McBride, Timothy D., Andrews, Courtney. Wives Who Outearn Their Husbands: A Transitory or Persistent Phenomenon for Couples?. Demography.42, (3), 523-535.2005.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2005.0028 (DOI)
  • Early, Dirk W.. The determinants of homelessness and the targeting of housing assistance. Journal of Urban Economics.55, (1), 195-214.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jue.2003.09.005 (DOI)
  • Fitzgerald, John M., Ribar, David C.. Welfare Reform and Female Headship. Demography.41, (2), 189-212.2004.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2004.0014 (DOI)
  • Gregory, Steven R.. Disability: Federal survey definitions, measurements, and estimates. PPI Data Digest No. 98.1-8.2004.
  • Grogger, Jeffrey. Welfare transitions in the 1990s: The economy, Welfare policy, and the EITC. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.23, (4), 671-695.2004.
    • ID: 10.1002/pam.20042 (DOI)
  • O'Hara, Brett. Do medical out-of-pocket expenses thrust families into poverty?. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved.15, (1), 63-75.2004.
    • ID: 10.1353/hpu.2004.0008 (DOI)
  • O'Hara, Brett. Do mothers work to support ailing husbands?. Journal of Family and Economic Issues.25, (2), 179-198.2004.
    • ID: 10.1023/B:JEEI.0000023637.13355.9d (DOI)
  • Peters, Elizabeth H., Argys, Laura M., Howard, Heather Wynder, Butler, J.S.. Legislating love: The effect of child support and Welfare policies on father-child contact. Review of Economics of the Household.2, (3), 255-274.2004.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11150-004-5647-5 (DOI)
  • Short, Kathleen, Ruggles, Patricia. Experimental measures of poverty and net worth: 1996. Journal of Income Distribution.13, (3), 8-21.2004.
  • Smith, Karen E., Johnson, Richard W., Muller, Leslie A.. Deferring income in employer-sponsored retirement plans: The dynamics of participant contributions. National Tax Journal.57, (3), 639-670.2004.
  • Bitler, Marianne P., Currie, Janet, Scholz, John Karl. WIC eligibility and participation. Journal of Human Resources.38, (Special Issue), 1139-1179.2003.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3558984 (URL)
  • Copeland, Craig. Retirees with pension income and characteristics of their former job. EBRI Notes.24, (2), 1-9.2003.
  • Han, Wen-Jui, Waldfogel, Jane. Parental Leave: The Impact of Recent Legislation on Parents' Leave Taking. Demography.40, (1), 191-200.2003.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2003.0003 (DOI)
  • Lichtenstein, Jules H., Verma, Satyendra. Older workers' pension plan and IRA coverage. PPI Data Digest No. 91.1-4.2003.
  • Song, Jae G.. Evaluating the initial impact of eliminating the retirement earnings test. Social Security Bulletin.65, (1), 1-15.2003.
  • Turner, John, Muller, Leslie, Verma, Satyendra K.. Defining participation in defined contribution pension plans. Monthly Labor Review.126, (8), 36-43.2003.
  • Anonymous. Lump-sum distributions: An update. 401(k) Advisor.9, (9), 11 -2002.
  • Anonymous. Women's ties to workplace increasing, Census Bureau finds. Occupational Health and Safety.71, (2), 10 -2002.
  • Baughman, R., Dickert-Conlin, S., Houser, S.. How well can we track cohabitation using the SIPP? A consideration of direct and inferred measures. Demography.39, (3286), 455-465.2002.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2002.0024 (DOI)
  • Casper, L.M., Smith, K.E.. Dispelling the myths: Self-care, class, and race. Journal of Family Issues.23, (6), 716-727.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/0192513X02023006002 (DOI)
  • Coburn, A.F., McBride, T.D., Ziller, E.C.. Patterns of health insurance coverage among rural and urban children. Medical Care Research and Review.59, (3), 272-292.2002.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077558702059003003 (DOI)
  • Alecxih, Lisa Marie B., Zeruld, Sharon, Olearczyk, BrieAnne. Characteristics of Caregivers Based on the Survey of Income and Program Participation. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Aging. 2001.
    • ID: http://www.aoa.gov/prof/aoaprog/caregiver/careprof/progguidance/background/program_issues/AlecxihMon (URL)
  • Anonymous. Prevalence of disabilities and associated health conditions among adults -- United States, 1999. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.285, (12), 1571-1572.2001.
  • Anonymous. Prevalence of disabilities and associated health conditions among adults -- United States, 1999. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.50, (7), 120-125.2001.
  • Fishman, Eliot. Aging out of coverage: Young adults with special health needs. Health Affairs.20, (6), 254-266.2001.
    • ID: 10.1377/hlthaff.20.6.254 (DOI)
  • Listokin, David. The potential and limitations of motgage innovation in fostering homeownership in the United States. Housing Policy Debate.12, (3), 465-513.2001.
    • ID: 10.1080/10511482.2001.9521416 (DOI)
  • Schur, Claudia L., Feldman, Jacob. Running in place: How job characteristics, immigrant status, and family structure keep Hispanics uninsured. New York, NY: Commonwealth Fund. 2001.
  • Stapleton, David C., Wittenburg, David C., Fishman, Michael E., Livermore, Gina A.. Transitions from AFDC to SSI before welfare reform. Social Security Bulletin.64, (1), 84-114.2001.
  • Bianchi, Suzanne M.. Maternal employment and time with children: Dramatic change or surprising continuity?. Demography.37, (4), 401-414.2000.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2000.0001 (DOI)
  • Kilkenny, Maureen, Jensen, Helen H., Garasky, Steven, Olmsted, Jennifer. Welfare and food assistance at the state and sub-state level: A framework for evaluating economic and programmatic changes. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.82, 649-655.2000.
    • ID: 10.1111/0002-9092.00055 (DOI)
  • Hendrick, M.R.. The Creation and Evaluation of Longitudinal Nonresponse Cells for the 1996 Survey of Income and Program Participation. American Statistical Association Meeting, Section on Survey Research Methods.. 1996.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1999): Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1996 Panel. Archival Version. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02625