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Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1996 Panel

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
education; employment; families; financial assets; government programs; health status; housing conditions; households; income; income distribution; investments; labor force; personal finances; population migration; poverty; socioeconomic status; unearned income; unemployment; wages and salaries; wealth
  • Abstract

    This data collection is part of a longitudinal survey designed to provide detailed information on the economic situation of households and persons in the United States. These data examine the distribution of income, wealth, and poverty in American society and gauge the effects of federal and state programs on the well-being of families and individuals. There are three basic elements contained in the survey. The first is a control card that records basic social and demographic characteristics for each person in a household, as well as changes in such characteristics over the course of the interviewing period. These include age, sex, race, ethnic origin, marital status, household relationship, education, and veteran status. Limited data are provided on housing unit characteristics such as units in structure, tenure, access, and complete kitchen facilities. The second element is the core portion of the questionnaire, with questions repeated at each interview on labor force activity, types and amounts of income, and participation in various cash and noncash benefit programs for each month of the four-month reference period. Data for employed persons include number of hours and weeks worked, earnings, and weeks without a job. Nonworkers are classified as unemployed or not in the labor force. In addition to providing income data associated with labor force activity, the core questions cover nearly 50 other types of income. Core data also include postsecondary school attendance, public or private subsidized rental housing, low-income energy assistance, and school breakfast and lunch participation. The third element consists of topical modules, which are a series of supplemental questions asked during selected household visits. Topical modules include some core data to link individuals to the core files. The Wave 1 Topical Module covers recipiency and employment history. The Wave 2 Topical Module includes work disability, education and training, marital, migration, and fertility histories, and household relationships. The Wave 3 Topical Module covers medical expenses and utilization of health care, work-related expenses and child support, assets and liabilities, real estate, shelter costs, dependent care and vehicles, value of business, interest earning accounts, rental properties, stocks and mutual fund shares, mortgages, and other assets. The Wave 4 Topical Module covers disability, taxes, child care, and annual income and retirement accounts. Data in the Wave 5 Topical Module describe child support, school enrollment and financing, support for nonhousehold members, adult and child disability, and employer-provided health benefits. Data in the Wave 6 Topical Module provide information on medical expenses, work-related expenses and child support paid, assets and liabilities, real estate, shelter costs, dependent care and vehicles, value of business, interest-earning accounts, rental properties, stock and mutual fund shares, mortgages, other financial investments. Wave 7 Topical Module includes annual income and retirement accounts, home health care, retirement expectations and pension plan coverage, and taxes. Wave 8 Topical Module covers adult well-being and welfare reform. Wave 9 Topical Module is the same as Waves 3 and 6 Topical Modules. Wave 10 Topical Module focuses on work schedules, disablility, taxes, child care, and annual income and retirement. Wave 11 includes child support, support for nonhousehold members, and adult and child disability. Wave 12 Topical Module is the same as Waves 3, 6, and 9 but also includes child well-being.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Wave 1 Core Microdata File
    • DS2: Wave 1 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS3: Wave 2 Core Microdata File
    • DS4: Wave 2 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS5: Wave 3 Core Microdata File
    • DS6: Wave 3 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS7: Wave 4 Core Microdata File
    • DS8: Wave 4 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS9: Wave 5 Core Microdata File
    • DS10: Wave 5 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS11: Wave 6 Core Microdata File
    • DS12: Wave 6 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS13: Wave 7 Core Microdata File
    • DS14: Wave 7 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS15: Wave 8 Core Microdata File
    • DS16: Wave 8 Topical Module Micrdata File
    • DS17: Wave 9 Core Microdata File
    • DS18: Wave 9 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS19: Wave 10 Core Microdata File
    • DS20: Wave 10 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS21: Wave 11 Core Microdata File
    • DS22: Wave 11 Topical Module Microdata File
    • DS23: Wave 12 Core Microdata File
    • DS24: Wave 12 Topical Module Microdata File
Temporal Coverage
  • 1995-12 / 2000-02
    Time period: 1995-12--2000-02
  • 1996-04 / 2000-03
    Collection date: 1996-04--2000-03
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The resident population of the United States, excluding persons living in institutions and military barracks.
A multistage stratified sampling design was used. One-fourth of the sample households were interviewed each month, and households were reinterviewed at four-month intervals. All persons at least 15 years old who were present as household members at the time of the first interview were included for the entire study, except those who joined the military, were institutionalized for the entire study period, or moved from the United States. Original household members who moved during the study period were followed to their new residences and interviewed there. New persons moving into households of members of the original sample were also included in the survey, but were not followed if they left the household of an original sample person.
2003-10-30 Replacing data for Parts 1-5, Wave 1 Core and Topical Module, Wave 2 Core and Topical Module, and Wave 3 Core. Replacing Part 4 Database Dictionary and Codebook. Replacing the Codebooks for Parts 6, 8, and 10, Waves 3, 4, 6 Topical Modules. Adding Parts 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, and 24, Waves 7-12 Topical Modules. This completes the 1996 Panel.2001-12-21 Parts 10 and 12 (Waves 5 and 6 Topical Module Microdata Files) have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks.2001-11-27 Parts 6, 8, 19, 21, and 23 (Waves 3 and 4 Topical Modules and Waves 10-12 Core Microdata files) have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks.2001-11-21 Parts 6, 8, 19, 21, and 23 (Waves 3 and 4 Topical Modules and Waves 10-12 Core Microdata files) have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks.2001-05-09 Parts 13, 15, and 17 (Waves 7, 8, and 9 Core Microdata Files) have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks. Also, the codebooks for Parts 9 and 11 (Waves 5 and 6 Core Microdata Files) have been added.2000-09-11 Parts 7, 9, and 11, the Waves 4, 5, and 6 Core Microdata Files, have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and a PDF codebook for Part 7 only. Also, the data dictionaries and codebooks for Parts 2 and 4 (Waves 1 and 2 Topical Module Microdata Files) have been replaced.2000-05-01 Part 4, Wave 2 Topical Module Microdata File, and Part 5, Wave 3 Core Microdata File, have been added, along with corresponding data dictionaries and PDF codebooks for each file.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2625 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02625.v1
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  • Almond, Douglas, Mazumder, Bhashkar. 1918 influenza pandemic and subsequent health outcomes: An analysis of SIPP data. American Economic Review.95 , (2), 258-262.2005.
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  • McKernan, Signe-Mary, Ratcliffe, Caroline. Events that trigger poverty entries and exits. Social Science Quarterly.86, (Supp.), 1146-1169.2005.
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  • Gregory, Steven R.. Disability: Federal survey definitions, measurements, and estimates. PPI Data Digest No. 98.1-8.2004.
  • Grogger, Jeffrey. Welfare transitions in the 1990s: The economy, Welfare policy, and the EITC. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.23, (4), 671-695.2004.
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  • O'Hara, Brett. Do medical out-of-pocket expenses thrust families into poverty?. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved.15, (1), 63-75.2004.
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  • O'Hara, Brett. Do mothers work to support ailing husbands?. Journal of Family and Economic Issues.25, (2), 179-198.2004.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census (1999): Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1996 Panel. Archival Version. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.