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National Health Interview Survey, 1996

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • National Health Interview Survey Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
chronic disabilities; chronic illnesses; disabilities; doctor visits; families; family size; health; health care; health care services; health policy; health problems; hospitalization; household composition; households; illness
  • Abstract

    The purpose of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is to obtain information about the amount and distribution of illness, its effects in terms of disability and chronic impairments, and the kinds of health services people receive. The variables in the Household Record file (Part 1) include type of living quarters, size of family, number of families in the household, presence of a telephone, number of unrelated individuals, and region. The Person Record file (Part 2) includes information on sex, age, race, marital status, Hispanic origin, education, veteran status, family income, family size, major activities, health status, activity limits, employment status, and industry and occupation. These variables are found in the Condition, Doctor Visit, and Hospital Record files as well. The Person Record also supplies data on height, weight, bed days, doctor visits, hospital stays, years at residence, and region variables. The Condition Record file (Part 3) contains information for each reported health condition, with specifics on injury and accident reports. The Doctor Visit Record file (Part 4) documents doctor visits within the time period and identifies acute or chronic conditions. The Hospital Record file (Part 5) provides information on medical conditions, hospital episodes, type of service, type of hospital ownership, date of admission and discharge, number of nights in hospital, and operations performed.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Household Record
    • DS2: Person Record
    • DS3: Condition Record
    • DS4: Doctor Visit Record
    • DS5: Hospital Record
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1996
  • Collection date: 1996
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Civilian, noninstitutionalized population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
The NHIS uses a stratified multistage probability design. The sample for the NHIS is redesigned every decade using population data from the most recent decennial census. A redesigned sample was implemented in 1995, so the sample design for 1996 is different from the sample designs in 1994 and earlier years of the NHIS. This new design includes a greater number of primary sampling units (PSUs) (from 198 in 1994 to 358 for the 1995 design), and a more complicated nonresponse adjustment based on household screening and oversampling of Black and Hispanic persons for more reliable estimates of these groups. Additionally, the 1996 population estimates were adjusted to the national population estimates by age, sex, and race/ethnicity, based on projections from the 1990 United States Census. Part of the 1996 NHIS sample was used for testing of the computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI) system that was implemented for the 1997 NHIS. The CAPI test cases are not included in the 1996 public use file. Relative to 1995, the 1996 NHIS sample size was reduced by approximately 25 percent in the first and second quarters, and by 50 percent in the third and fourth quarters.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Per agreement with NCHS, ICPSR distributes the data files and technical documentation in this collection in their original form as prepared by NCHS. (2) The codebook and the coding manual are provided as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

2006-01-18 File DOC2661.MAN.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-01-18 File CB2661.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2661 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Dinkes, Rachel, Kemp, Jana, Baum, Katrina. Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2009. NCJ 228478, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2009.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Dilley, Julia, Rohde, Kristen, Dent, Clyde, Boysun, Michael J., Stark, Michael J., Reid, Terry. Effective tobacco control in Washington State: A smart investment for healthy futures. Preventing Chronic Disease.4, (3), A65 -2007.
  • Antecol, Heather, Bedard, Kelly. Unhealthy Assimilation: Why Do Immigrants Converge to American Health Status Levels?. Demography.43, (2), 337-360.2006.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2006.0011 (DOI)
  • Freedman, Vicki A., Crimmins, Eileen, Schoeni, Robert F., Spillman, Brenda C., Aykan, Hakan, Kramarow, Ellen, Land, Kenneth, Lubitz, James, Manton, Kenneth G., Martin, Linda G., Shinberg, Diane, Waidmann, Timothy. Resolving inconsistencies in trends in old-age disability: Report from a technical working group. Demography.41, (3), 417-441.2004.
    • ID: 10.1353/dem.2004.0022 (DOI)
  • Snowden, Ceclia B., Miller, Ted R., Jensen, Alan F., Lawrence, Bruce A.. Costs of Medically Treated Craniofacial Conditions. Public Health Reports.118, (1), 10-17.2003.
  • (author unknown). Prevalence of Arthritis--United States, 1997. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.285, (20), 2574-2575.2001.
  • Abdel-Ghany, Mohamed, Wang, Min Qi. Factors associated with different degrees of health insurance coverage. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal.29, (3), 252-264.2001.
    • ID: 10.1177/1077727X01293003 (DOI)
  • Fujiura, Glenn T., Yamaki, Kiyoshi. Trends in demography of childhood poverty and disability. Exceptional Children.66, (23), 187-199.2000.
  • Adams, Patricia F., Hendershot, Gerry E., Marano, Marie A.. Current estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, 1996. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 10: Data from the National Health Survey.200, Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Lewis, Kimball, Ellwood, Marilyn, Czajka, John L.. Counting the Uninsured: A Review of the Literature. Assessing the New Federalism, Occasional Paper no. 8.Washington, DC: Urban Institute. 1998.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Center for Health Statistics (1999): National Health Interview Survey, 1996. Version 1. National Health Interview Survey Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.