Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS): Salaries, Tenure, and Fringe Benefits of Full-Time Faculty, 1996-1997

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) Series
Publication Date
Free Keywords
academic degrees; academic tenure; college faculty; colleges; community colleges; higher education; postsecondary education; school enrollments; universities; wages and salaries
  • Abstract

    The primary purpose of this survey is to collect data on the salaries, tenure, and fringe benefits of full-time instructional faculty by contract length, sex, and academic rank. These data permit analysis, from a national perspective, of the number and tenure status of full-time faculty members in relation to enrollment and number of degrees granted, and the evaluation of faculty compensation in relation to institutional financial resources, for an indication of the economic status of institutions. These data also enable trend analysis of average full-time salaries for an assessment of the economic status of full-time faculty. Salary data include total salary outlays and the total number of instructional faculty that were paid those outlays. Tenure data include number of faculty with tenure, number on tenure track, and number not on tenure track. Benefits data include fringe benefit expenditures and the number of full-time faculty covered by retirement, medical/dental, and group life insurance plans.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Institutional Characteristics
    • DS2: Part A: Salaries and Tenure
    • DS3: Part B: Fringe Benefits
Temporal Coverage
  • 1996 / 1997
    Time period: 1996--1997
  • 1996-11-15 / 1997-04-15
    Collection date: 1996-11-15--1997-04-15
Geographic Coverage
  • American Samoa
  • Guam
  • Marshall Islands
  • United States
  • Virgin Islands of the United States
  • Global
Sampled Universe
The salary universe was developed by selecting from the 1996-1997 Institutional Characteristics (IC) Universe I: all accredited higher education institutions (including the accredited less-than-two-year institutions) and nonaccredited institutions that grant bachelor's, master's, doctoral, and first-professional degrees.
The survey was mailed to 3,670 institutions in 1996-1997, with 2,204 sent to four-year institutions, 1,438 to two-year institutions, and 28 to less-than-two-year institutions.
Collection Mode
  • The codebook and data collection instrument are provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

2006-01-18 File CB2681.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2681 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02681.v1
  • Stearns, Christina, Watanabi, Satoshi. HIspanic Serving Institutions: Statistical Trends from 1990 to 1999. NCES 2002-051, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 2002.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Brown, Patricia Q.. Salaries of Full-Time Instructional Faculty on 9- and 10-Month Contracts 1996-97. NCES 1999-238, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1998.
  • Brown, Patricia Q.. Salaries, Tenure, and Fringe Benefits 1996-97. E.D. Tab.NCES 98-316, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1998.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15