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Services Research Outcomes Study, 1995-1996: [United States]

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2000-05-17
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies
Language
English
Free Keywords
alcohol abuse; criminal histories; demographic characteristics; drug testing; drug treatment; drug use; employment; mental health; physical health; treatment facilities; treatment outcomes; treatment programs; urinalysis
Description
  • Abstract

    The Services Research Outcomes Study (SROS) sought to answer questions about drug treatment efficacy and to describe client characteristics. The study was designed to provide (1) a 1990 cohort of clients to use as baseline for possible changes in treatment outcomes following increased funding to the national treatment system in the 1990s, (2) a before-to-after comparison to measure outcomes of treatment provided in 1990, (3) a follow-up of drug treatment clients five years after treatment to assess the level of sustained improvements in abstinence, and (4) a first look at multiple treatment episodes before and after treatment in a 1990 population.Part 1 is the Facility Director Interviews and covered topics such as facility staff and organization, revenue and charges, staff hours and compensation, costs, and program characteristics.Part 2 is the Client Records Abstractions Data, which examined the client records of 2,222 individuals discharged during 1989-1990. Information was abstracted on demographic characteristics of clients, criminal justice involvement, medical conditions, drug history including intravenous drug use, urine test results, drug treatment history, treatment services, and discharge and billing information.Part 3 consists of the Client Follow-Up Interviews, and was conducted during 1995 and 1996. This part covered the clients' entire life span, with special attention to their behavior and circumstances during the five years before entry to the index (SROS) treatment in 1989-1990 and after leaving that treatment until the time of the interview. Additional questions were asked on patterns of alcohol and drug consumption, criminal activity, employment, health, social support, and other behavior relevant to treatment goals. Drugs included cocaine, crack, heroin, nontreatment methadone, other opiates/synthetics, barbiturates, benzodiazapine, other sedatives/hypnotics, methamphetamines, other amphetamines, marijuana/hash/THC, PCP/LSD, other hallucinogens, inhalants, over-the-counter medications, and alcohol.
  • Methods

    Only Part 3: Client Follow-Up Interview Data has weights in the data file.Three separate weights were constructed for each observation (WT1, WT2, and WT3) to aid in the production of unbiased population estimates.WT1 - deceased are treated as respondentsWT2 - deceased are treated as non-respondents WT3 - deceased are treated as ineligibleWT3 was used in the client-level analyses done by NORC.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Facility Director Interview Data
    • DS2: Client Records Abstraction Data
    • DS3: Client Follow-Up Interview Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1995 / 1996
    Time period: 1995--1996
  • 1995 / 1996
    Collection date: 1995--1996
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
(1) The 120 drug treatment facilities participating in Phase II of the Drug Services Research Study (DSRS), and (2) the clients discharged from those facilities in the 12 months ending August 31, 1990.
Sampling
A representative probability sample was drawn from a comprehensive list of organized substance abuse treatment programs for the Drug Services Research Study (DSRS). The DSRS collected basic facility-level information and in Phase II successfully abstracted 2,222 client records of individuals discharged during 1989-1990 from 120 randomly-selected, cooperating treatment facilities. Program types included hospital inpatient, residential, outpatient methadone, and outpatient nonmethadone. The SROS was designed as a client outcome study based on the DSRS program sample, and 99 of the original 120 treatment facilities participated in SROS (82.5 percent). Two client samples were used: (1) the 1,706 clients discharged from these 99 Phase II DSRS facilities in the 12 months ending August 31, 1990, whose client records were abstracted for the DSRS, and (2) a supplemental sample of 1,341 clients discharged in the same time frame from the 99 facilities. A total of 1,799 interviews were completed, for a client response rate of 59 percent.
Collection Mode
  • Produced by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) in Chicago, IL.

Note
2008-10-29 New files were added. These files included one or more of the following: Stata setup, SAS transport (CPORT), SPSS system, Stata system, SAS supplemental syntax, and Stata supplemental syntax files, and a tab-delimited ASCII data file.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies (271-91-8321).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2691 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Dickson-Gomez, Julia. Julia Dickson-Gomez on Sam Schildhaus and Bernard Dugoni's “Premature Death as the Ultimate Failure: Predictors of death in the US drug user treatment population”. Substance Use and Misuse.47, (13-14), 1674-1675.2012.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826084.2012.725351 (DOI)
  • Schildhaus, Sam, Dugoni, Bernard. Premature death as the ultimate failure: Predictors of death in the US drug user treatment population. Substance Use and Misuse.47, (13-14), 1666-1669.2012.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826084.2012.706165 (DOI)
  • Campbell, Cynthia, Alexander, Jeffrey A., Lemak, Christy Harris. Organizational determinants of outpatient substance abuse treatment duration in women. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment.37, (1), 64-72.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jsat.2008.09.012 (DOI)
  • Lopez, Julie C.. Substance Abuse Treatment Factors as Predictors of Change in Violence Severity: A National Study of Recovering Clients. Dissertation, Catholic University of America. 2007.
  • Brecht, Mary-Lynn, Greenwell, L., von Mayrhauser, C., Anglin, M.D.. Two-year outcomes of treatment for methamphetamine use. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs.Suppl. 3, 415-426.2006.
    • ID: 10.1080/02791072.2006.10400605 (DOI)
  • Mojtabai, Ramin, Graff Zivin, Joshua. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of four treatment modalities for substance disorders: A propensity score analysis. Health Services Research.38, (1 Pt 1), 233-259.2003.
    • ID: 10.1111/1475-6773.00114 (DOI)
  • Magura, Stephen, Schildhaus, Sam, Rosenblum, Andrew, Gastfriend, David. Substance user treatment program quality: Selected topics. Substance Use and Misuse.37, (8-10), 1185-1214.2002.
    • ID: 10.1081/JA-120004179 (DOI)
  • Gerstein, Dean R., Johnson, Robert A.. Nonresponse and selection bias in treatment follow-up studies. Substance Use and Misuse.35, (6), 971-1014.2000.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826080009148429 (DOI)
  • Magura, Stephen. Introduction: Program quality in substance dependency treatment. Substance Use and Misuse.35, (12-14), 1617-1627.2000.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826080009148234 (DOI)
  • Schildhaus, Sam, Gerstein, Dean R., Brittingham, Angela, Cerbone, Felicia, Dugoni, Bernard. Services Research Outcomes Study: Overview of drug treatment population and outcomes. Substance Use and Misuse.35, (12), 1849-1877.2000.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826080009148243 (DOI)
  • Schildhaus, Sam, Gerstein, Dean R., Dugoni, Bernard, Brittingham, Angela, Cerbone, Felicia. Services Research Outcomes Study: Explanation of treatment effectiveness, using individual-level and programmatic variables. Substance Use and Misuse.35, (12), 1879-1910.2000.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826080009148244 (DOI)
  • Thune, Elizabeth. Prospective and Retrospective Studies of Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes: Methods and Results of Four Large-Scale Follow-up Studies. NEDS Analytic Summary #3.Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. 2000.
    • ID: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/files/SAMHDA/NTIES/NTIES-PDF/SUMMARIES/3_prospective_retrospective.pdf (URL)
  • Gerstein, Dean R., Johnson, Robert A.. Prospective and Retrospective Studies of Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes: Methods and Results of Four Large-Scale Follow-Up Studies. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. 1999.
  • (author unknown). Services Research Outcomes Study. Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Service, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 1998.
    • ID: http://archive.samhsa.gov/data/Sros/toc.htm (URL)
  • Office of Applied Studies. Services Research Outcomes Study (SROS). (SMA) 98-3177, Rockville, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and MHealth Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. 1998.
  • Office of Applied Studies. Services Research Outcomes Study Final Report. (SMA) 98-3177, Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 1998.
    • ID: http://www.oas.samhsa.gov/Sros/toc.htm (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies (2000): Services Research Outcomes Study, 1995-1996: [United States]. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02691.v1