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Assessment of a Single-Purpose Substance Abuse Facility for Committed Juvenile Offenders in Virginia, 1995-1997

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, clinical data, and survey data
Creator
  • Gordon, Jill A. (Virginia Commonwealth University)
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2000-02-01
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
correctional facilities; criminal histories; delinquent behavior; disposition (legal); drug law offenses; juvenile offenders; substance abuse; substance abuse treatment; treatment facilities; treatment outcomes
Description
  • Abstract

    The objective of this data collection was to provide a preliminary assessment of the effectiveness of treatment offered at the Barrett Juvenile Correctional Center, a substance abuse treatment facility in Virginia for convicted male offenders that began operation in late 1993. The center uses a holistic approach in the treatment of youth to identify the triggers for substance abuse and to investigate the relationship between substance abuse and delinquent behavior. For the facility assessment, various types of data from the Virginia Department of Juvenile Justice were gathered. Baseline data on each juvenile were obtained from the department's Reception and Diagnostic Center and consisted of demographic information and I.Q. scores, criminal history, and substance abuse history. Demographic variables include the youth's race, last grade placement, and with whom the youth lived. Youths' scores on standardized tests were also compiled, including SASSI, verbal I.Q., performance I.Q., and full-scale I.Q. scores. Criminal histories covered whether the committing offense was a felony or misdemeanor, the type of committing offense, the total number of committing offenses, whether a prior offense was a felony or a misdemeanor, the type of prior offense, the total number of prior offenses, the age at first criminal adjudication, age at commitment, and degree of delinquency. Alcohol and drug use data focused on the age at which alcohol was first used, number of times alcohol was used in the past year, age at which marijuana was first used, number of times marijuana was used in the past month, and whether the youth ever used cocaine, crack, inhalants, speed, depressants, hallucinogens, or other drugs. Another source of information was the youths' parole officers, who provided data on youths' criminal offending status and substance abuse at three, six, and twelve months after release from the center. Data obtained from parole officers assessing youths' improvement after leaving the center include whether they were rearrested, the type of offense if rearrested, the total number of offenses rearrested for, disposition, most serious offense overall, and youths' overall drug use.
  • Abstract

    Barrett Juvenile Correctional Center began operating as a substance abuse treatment facility for convicted male offenders in late 1993. To be admitted to the facility, a youth had to fit the following criteria: they had to (a) be male, (b) be between the ages of 13-18, (c) have a mandatory or recommended need for substance abuse treatment, (d) have a length of stay of no less than six months, (e) not have a major mental illness or severely limited cognitive ability, and (f) not have committed a major offense (defined as murder, rape, forcible sodomy, or arson). The center uses a holistic approach to the treatment of youth to identify the triggers for substance abuse and to investigate the relationship between substance abuse and delinquent behavior. The center recognizes the interrelationship of all aspects of the youth's life in producing a delinquent lifestyle. It provides a highly structured program that uses a therapeutic community approach to treat the offender. This approach emphasizes personal growth and responsibility. The purpose of this research was to examine the program design, structure, implementation, and process and to provide a preliminary assessment of the program's impact on youth. The assessment centered on (1) the number of youths who were rearrested after leaving the center, (2) the number who were recommitted, and (3) the number who used a substance during the one-year follow-up period.
  • Abstract

    The effectiveness of the program at the Barrett Juvenile Correction Center was addressed by gathering various types of data from the Virginia Department of Juvenile Justice. Baseline data on youth were compiled from the department's Reception and Diagnostic Center. These baseline data were extremely comprehensive and consisted of demographic information and I.Q. scores, criminal history, and substance abuse history for each youth. Another source of information was the youths' parole officers, who provided data on youths' criminal offending status and substance abuse at three, six, and twelve months after release. The primary outcome variables for determining the effectiveness of the program were rearrest, recommitment, and substance use during a one-year follow-up period after the youths' release from the center.
  • Abstract

    Demographic variables include the youth's race, last grade placement, and with whom the youth lived. Criminal histories covered whether the committing offense was a felony or misdemeanor, the type of committing offense, the total number of committing offenses, whether a prior offense was a felony or a misdemeanor, the type of prior offense, the total number of prior offenses, the age at first criminal adjudication, age at commitment, and degree of delinquency. Alcohol and drug use data focused on the age at which alcohol was first used, number of times alcohol was used in the past year, age at which marijuana was first used, number of times marijuana was used in the past month, and whether the youth ever used cocaine, crack, inhalants, speed, depressants, hallucinogens, or other drugs. Another source of information was the youths' parole officers, who provided data on youths' criminal offending status and substance abuse at three, six, and twelve months after release from the center. Data obtained from parole officers assessing youths' improvement after leaving the center include their Readiness for Change score, whether they were rearrested, the type of offense if rearrested, the total number of offenses rearrested for, disposition, most serious offense overall, and youths' overall drug use.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: A Likert-type scale was used. Also used were the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory (SASSI), I.Q., and Readiness for Change scales.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Not applicable
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1995-01 / 1997-01
    Time period: 1995-01--1997-01
  • 1995-01 / 1997-01
    Collection date: 1995-01--1997-01
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
  • Virginia
Sampled Universe
All male youths who were released from Barrett Juvenile Correctional Center between January 1995 and January 1997.
Note
2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (97-RT-VX-K020).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2730 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Gordon, Jill, Stichman, Amy. Applying the principles of effective intervention: The results of a process evaluation of a juvenile correctional center. Journal for Juvenile Justice and Detention Services.17, (1), 37-46.2002.
  • Harrison, Lana D., Martin, Steven S.. Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) for State Prisoners Formula Grant: Compendium of Program Implementation and Accomplishments. Final Report.NCJ 187099, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 2000.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/187099.pdf (URL)
  • Gordon, Jill A.. Barrett Juvenile Correctional Center: An Assessment of a Single-Purpose Substance Abuse Facility for Committed Juvenile Offenders, Final Report. Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. 1999.
  • Gordon, Jill A.. A Qualitative Evaluation of the Program Implementation Process at Barrett Juvenile Correctional Center. NCJ 178737, Richmond, VA: Virginia Commonwealth University. 1998.
  • Gordon, Jill A.. Qualitative Examination of the Implementation Process at Barrett Juvenile Correctional Center. NCJ 178737, Richmond, VA: Virginia Commonwealth University. 1998.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/Digitization/178737NCJRS.pdf (URL)
  • Stichman, Amy. Correctional Program Assessment Inventory Conducted on Barrett Juvenile Correctional Center. NCJ 178738, Richmond VA: Virginia Commonwealth University. 1998.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Gordon, Jill A. (2000): Assessment of a Single-Purpose Substance Abuse Facility for Committed Juvenile Offenders in Virginia, 1995-1997. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02730.v1