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Survey of Employment, Income, and Attitudes in Russia (SEIAR), January-March 1998

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Gerber, Theodore P.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
Free Keywords
attitudes; economic change; economic conditions; employment; income; labor markets; market economy; occupations; public opinion; social change; standard of living
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to assess the ways in which recent economic and social changes in Russia, specifically those since the collapse of the Soviet system, have affected the social stratification of Russian society, the composition and nature of the Russian labor market, and Russian public opinion regarding the state of the Russian economy. The survey covered the population of the Russian Federation 16 years of age and older, excluding residents of four Caucasus republics and eight inaccessible regions of the Russian far north. Respondents were asked to complete a self-administered written questionnaire in the presence of an interviewer, with a portion of the survey administered directly by the interviewer. The main aim of the project was to gather information on respondents' social origins (including past affiliation with the Communist Party of the Soviet Union), income and standard of living, activity or work history since 1990, and current attitudes toward the economy and market reforms. Specifically, respondents were asked about both their current and 1990 occupations and sources of income (and changes within that period), and their assessments of the current economic situation for their family, city, region, and Russia as a whole. They were also queried about personal experiences with wage delays and compulsory unpaid leave, and whether they thought current and planned market reforms would eventually improve their lives. Demographic information on respondents includes age, sex, marital status, household size, education, parental background, income, and current employment status.
  • Table of Contents


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1998-01 / 1998-03
    Time period: 1998-01--1998-03
Geographic Coverage
  • Russia
  • Global
Sampled Universe
Residents of the Russian Federation aged 16 years or older, excluding residents of four Caucasus republics and eight inaccessible regions of the Russian far north.
Multistage stratified random sampling was used. For details on the sampling procedure, users should consult the Technical Report in the codebook.
Collection Mode
  • (1) Only questions circled by the Principal Investigator on the data collection instrument are included in this study. (2) The codebook (in English) and data collection instrument (in Russian) are provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

Funding insitution(s): National Science Foundation (SBR-9729225).
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2732 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Gerber, Theodore P.. Three forms of emergent self-employment in post-Soviet Russia: Entry and exit patterns by gender. The Reemergence of Self-Employment: A Comparative Study of Self-Employment Dynamics and Social Inequality.Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2004.
  • Gerber, Theodore P., Hout, Michael. Tightening up: Declining class mobility during Russia's market transition. American Sociological Review.69, (5), 677-703.2004.
    • ID: 10.1177/000312240406900504 (DOI)
  • Gerber, Theodore P.. Loosening Links? School-to-Work Transitions and Institutional Change in Russia since 1970. Social Forces.82, (1), 241-276.2003.
    • ID: 10.1353/sof.2003.0085 (DOI)
  • Gerber, Theodore P.. Joining the winners: Self-employment and stratification in post-Communist Russia. The New Entrepreneurs of Europe and Asia: Patterns of Business Development in Russia, Eastern Europe, and China.Armonk, NY: Sharpe. 2002.
  • Gerber, Theodore P.. Structural change and post-socialist stratification: Labor market transitions in contemporary Russia. American Sociological Review.67, (5), 629-659.2002.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Gerber, Theodore P.. Paths to Success: Individual and Regional Determinants of Self-Employment Entry in Post-Communist Russia. International Journal of Sociology.31, (2), 3-37.2001.
  • Gerber, Theodore P.. The selection theory of persisting party advantages in Russia: More evidence and implications. Social Science Research.30, (4), 653-671.2001.
    • ID: 10.1006/ssre.2001.0712 (DOI)
  • Gerber, Theodore P.. Educational stratification in contemporary Russia: Stability and change in the face of economic and institutional crisis. Sociology of Education.73, (4), 219-246.2000.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Gerber, Theodore P. (1999): Survey of Employment, Income, and Attitudes in Russia (SEIAR), January-March 1998. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.