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Capital Punishment in the United States, 1973-1996

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data
Creator
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Capital Punishment in the United States Series
Publication Date
1999-07-01
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Language
English
Free Keywords
capital punishment; commuted sentences; criminal histories; death row inmates; demographic characteristics; executions; felony offenses; prison inmates; sentencing; states (USA)
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection provides annual data on prisoners under a sentence of death and prisoners whose offense sentences were commuted or vacated during the period 1973-1996. Information is supplied for basic sociodemographic characteristics such as age, sex, race, ethnicity, marital status at the time of imprisonment, level of education, and state of incarceration. Criminal history data include prior felony convictions for criminal homicide and legal status at the time of the capital offense. Additional information is available for inmates removed from death row by yearend 1996 and for inmates who were executed.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • 1973 / 1996
    Time period: 1973--1996
  • Collection date: 1997
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All inmates on death row since 1972 in the United States.
Collection Mode
  • The inmate identification numbers were assigned by the Bureau of the Census and have no purpose outside this data collection.

Note
2008-11-05 Minor changes have been made to the metadata.2008-10-30 All parts were moved to restricted access and are available only using the restricted access procedures.2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2736 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02736.v1
Publications
  • Kuziemko, Ilyana. Does the threat of the death penalty affect plea bargaining in murder cases? Evidence from New York's 1995 reinstatement of capital punishment. American Law and Economics Review.8, (1), 116-142.2006.
    • ID: 10.1093/aler/ahj005 (DOI)
  • Chaiken, Jan. Correctional Populations in the United States, 1996. NCJ 170013; NCJ 1716, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1997.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cpus96.pdf (URL)
  • Snell, Tracy L.. Capital Punishment 1996. Bulletin.NCJ 167031, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1997.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/cp96.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics (1999): Capital Punishment in the United States, 1973-1996. Archival Version. Capital Punishment in the United States Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02736