Criminal Victimization and Perceptions of Community Safety in 12 United States Cities, 1998

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
assault; attitudes; burglary; fear of crime; neighborhoods; perceptions; petty theft; police performance; public safety; rape; robbery; victimization
  • Abstract

    This collection presents survey data from 12 cities in the United States regarding criminal victimization, perceptions of community safety, and satisfaction with local police. Participating cities included Chicago, IL, Kansas City, MO, Knoxville, TN, Los Angeles, CA, Madison, WI, New York, NY, San Diego, CA, Savannah, GA, Spokane, WA, Springfield, MA, Tucson, AZ, and Washington, DC. The survey used the current National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) questionnaire with a series of supplemental questions measuring the attitudes in each city. Respondents were asked about incidents that occurred within the past 12 months. Information on the following crimes was collected: violent crimes of rape, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault, personal crimes of theft, and household crimes of burglary, larceny, and motor vehicle theft. Part 1, Household-Level Data, covers the number of household respondents, their ages, type of housing, size of residence, number of telephone lines and numbers, and language spoken in the household. Part 2, Person-Level Data, includes information on respondents' sex, relationship to householder, age, marital status, education, race, time spent in the housing unit, personal crime and victimization experiences, perceptions of neighborhood crime, job and professional demographics, and experience and satisfaction with local police. Variables in Part 3, Incident-Level Data, concern the details of crimes in which the respondents were involved, and the police response to the crimes.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Standardized missing values.; Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Household-Level Data
    • DS2: Person-Level Data
    • DS3: Incident-Level Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1998
Geographic Coverage
  • Arizona
  • California
  • Chicago
  • District of Columbia
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Kansas City (Missouri)
  • Knoxville
  • Los Angeles
  • Madison
  • Massachusetts
  • Missouri
  • New York (state)
  • New York City
  • San Diego
  • Savannah
  • Spokane
  • Springfield (Massachusetts)
  • Tennessee
  • Tucson
  • United States
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin
Sampled Universe
Individuals aged 12 and older in 12 cities of the United States that had police departments representing varying stages in the development of community policing. The 12 cities chosen were Chicago, IL, Kansas City, MO, Knoxville, TN, Los Angeles, CA, Madison, WI, New York, NY, San Diego, CA, Savannah, GA, Spokane, WA, Springfield, MA, Tucson, AZ, and Washington, DC.
Approximately 800 households in each of the 12 cities were contacted through random-digit dialing (RDD). The findings from this survey are not intended to represent national estimates.
2006-01-18 File CB2743.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2743 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Cauldwell, Courtney J.. The Relationship between Individual, Neighborhood, and City Characteristics and Fear of Crime. Thesis, University of Missouri in Kansas City. 2012.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Like, Toya Z.. Urban inequality and racial differences in risk for violent victimization. Crime and Delinquency.57, (3), 432-457.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128708328442 (DOI)
  • Like-Haislip, Toya Z., Miofsky, Karin Tusinski. Race, ethnicity, gender, and violent victimization. Race and Justice.1, (3), 254-276.2011.
    • ID: 10.1177/2153368711409059 (DOI)
  • Like-Haislip, Toya Z., Warren, Patricia Y.. Routine inequality: Violent victimization at the intersection of race and ethnicity among females. Violence and Victims.26, (1), 88-102.2011.
    • ID: 10.1891/0886-6708.26.1.88 (DOI)
  • Armstrong, Todd, Katz, Charles. Further evidence on the discriminant validity of perceptual incivilities measures. Justice Quarterly.27, (2), 280-304.2010.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820802506198 (DOI)
  • Hwang, EuiGab, Joo, Hee-Jong, Lawton, Brian. City ecology, community policing, and fear of crime in U.S. cities: A multilevel analysis. Asia Pacific Journal of Police and Criminal Justice.8, (1), 1-27.2010.
  • Dansie, Elizabeth J., Fargo, Jamison D.. Individual and community predictors of fear of criminal victimization: Results from a national sample of urban US citizens. Crime Prevention and Community Safety.11, 124-140.2009.
    • ID: 10.1057/cpcs.2009.3 (DOI)
  • Fortenberry, Nikeisha J.. The Risks of Nonfatal Violent Victimizations Across Individual- and Structural-Level Characteristics. Thesis, University of Missouri in Kansas City. 2009.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Giblin, Matthew J.. Examining personal security and avoidance measures in a 12-city sample. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency.45, (4), 359-379.2008.
    • ID: 10.1177/0022427808322610 (DOI)
  • Giblin, Matthew J.. Examining Personal Security and Avoidance Measures in a Twelve-City Sample. Chicago, IL. 2007.
  • Worrall, John L.. The discriminant validity of perceptual incivility measures. Justice Quarterly.23, (3), 360-383.2006.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418820600869137 (DOI)
  • Roh, Sunghoon, Oliver, Willard M.. Effects of community policing upon fear of crime: Understanding the causal linkage. Policing.28, (4), 670-683.2005.
    • ID: 10.1108/13639510510628758 (DOI)
  • Smith, Brad W.. Ethno-racial political transition and citizen satisfaction with police. Policing.28, (2), 242-254.2005.
    • ID: 10.1108/13639510510597889 (DOI)
  • Ong, Marcos, Jenks, David A.. Hispanic perceptions of community policing: Is community policing working in the city?. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice.2, (3), 53-66.2004.
    • ID: 10.1300/J222v02n03_04 (DOI)
  • Leiker, Jason J.. Fear of Crime in the City: A Multivariate Analysis of Perceptions of Community Safety in Twelve U.S. Cities. Dissertation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. 2003.
  • Scheider, Matthew C., Rowell, Tawandra, Bezdikian, Veh. The impact of citizen perceptions of community policing on fear of crime: Findings from twelve cities. Police Quarterly.6, (4), 363-386.2003.
    • ID: 10.1177/1098611102250697 (DOI)
  • Snedker, Karen A.. Explaining the Dynamics of Fear and Crime: Crime, Disorder and Risk in New York City Neighborhoods. Dissertation, New York University. 2003.
  • Bayley, Bruce K.. Fear of Crime and Perceptions of Law Enforcement among American Youth. Dissertation, Utah State University. 2002.
  • Weitzer, Ronald. Racialized policing: Residents' perceptions in three neighborhoods. Law and Society Review.34, (1), 129-155.2000.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Smith, Steven K., Steadman, Greg W., Minton, Todd D., Townsend, Meg. Criminal Victimization and Perceptions of Community Safety in 12 Cities, 1998. NCJ 173940, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1999.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Weitzer, Ronald. Citizens' perceptions of police misconduct: Race and neighborhood context. Justice Quarterly.16, (4), 819-846.1999.
    • ID: 10.1080/07418829900094381 (DOI)
  • Snedker, Karen A.. Neighborhood conditions and fear of crime: A reconsideration of sex differences. Crime and Delinquency..
    • ID: 10.1177/0011128710389587 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15