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Schools and Staffing Survey, 1993-1994 [United States]: Revised Version

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) Series
Publication Date
1999-08-18
Language
English
Free Keywords
educational administrators; elementary education; private schools; public schools; secondary education; school enrollments; school libraries; school personnel; teacher education; teacher shortages; teaching (occupation)
Description
  • Abstract

    This data collection consists of four integrated surveys of schools, administrators, and teachers in the United States. The 1993-1994 survey was expanded to include a student survey, in which information about students was taken from school administrative records, and a library survey, which collected data on school libraries and librarians (presented in Parts 5 and 6, the School Data). Parts 1 and 2, Public and Private Teacher Data, provide information on teaching assignment, teaching experience, certification, professional development, teaching workload, perceptions and attitudes about teaching, teacher salaries and incentives, retirement policies, job mobility, workplace conditions, and school disciplinary and academic problems. Parts 3 and 4, Public and Private Administrator Data, provide information about the training, experience, professional background, and demographic characteristics of school principals, and about the types of school problems principals view as serious. Parts 5 and 6, Public and Private School Data, present data on school characteristics, enrollment, student-staff ratios, programs and services offered, and length of the school day. Variables in Part 7, Public District Data, include information on student enrollment, number of full-time and part-time teachers, demographics of students and teachers, and information on lunch programs.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Teacher Survey Public School Data
    • DS2: Teacher Survey Private School Data
    • DS3: Administrator Survey Public School Data
    • DS4: Administrator Survey Private School Data
    • DS5: School Survey Public School Data
    • DS6: School Survey Private School Data
    • DS7: Public District Data
Temporal Coverage
  • 1993 / 1994
    Time period: 1993--1994
  • 1993 / 1994
    Collection date: 1993--1994
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Public and private schools in the United States in 1993-1994.
Sampling
Stratified sample.
Collection Mode
  • (1) This version of the collection is derived from the NCES's "Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and Teacher Followup Survey (TFS) CD-ROM: Public-Use Data for 3 Cycles of SASS and TFS." (2) The 1993-1994 SASS datasets are also available from SCHOOLS AND STAFFING SURVEY, 1993-1994: [UNITED STATES] [ECB Version on CD-ROM] (ICPSR 6753). (3) The codebook and technical manual are provided as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.

Note
2006-01-18 File DOC2748.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2006-01-18 File CB2748.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.2000-05-01 The SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been updated by the addition of value label statements.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2748 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Publications
  • Robers, Simone, Zhang, Jijun, Truman, Jennifer, Snyder, Thomas D.. Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2011. NCJ 236021, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics; United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2012.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/iscs11.pdf (URL)
  • Robers, Simone, Zhang, Jijun, Truman, Jennifer, Snyder, Thomas D.. Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2010. NCJ 230812, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics; United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2010.
    • ID: http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/iscs10.pdf (URL)
  • Dinkes, Rachel, Kemp, Jana, Baum, Katrina. Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2009. NCJ 228478, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2009.
    • ID: http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/iscs09.pdf (URL)
  • Devoe, Jill F., Peter, Katharin, Noonan, Margaret, Snyder, Thomas D., Baum, Katrina. Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2005. NCJ 210697, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs. 2005.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/iscs05.pdf (URL)
  • DeVoe, Jill F., Peter, Kathrain, Miller, Amanda, Noonan, Margaret, , Snyder, Thomas D., Baum, Katrina. Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2004. NCJ 205290; NCES 200, Washington, DC: United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2004.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/iscs04.pdf (URL)
  • Meyer, David, Madden, David, McGrath, Daniel J.. English Language Learner Students in U.S. Public Schools: 1994 and 2000. Issue Brief.NCES 2004-035, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 2004.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2004/2004035.pdf (URL)
  • Seastrom, Marilyn McMillen, Gruber, Kerry J., Henke, Robin, McGrath, Daniel J., Cohen, Benjamin A.. Qualifications of the Public School Teacher Workforce: Prevalence of Out of Field Teaching 1987-88 to 1999-2000. NCES 2002-603, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 2002.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2002/2002603.pdf (URL)
  • Van Hook, Jennifer. Immigration and African American educational opportunity. Sociology of Education.75, (2), 169 -2002.
    • ID: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3090290 (URL)
  • Alt, Martha, Choy, Susan. In the Middle: Characteristics of Public Schools with a Focus on Middle Schools. NCES 2000-312, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2000/2000312.pdf (URL)
  • Broughman, Stephen, Rollefson, Mary. Teacher Supply in the United States: Sources of Newly Hired Teachers in Public and Private Schools, 1987-88 to 1993-94. NCES 2000-309, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2000/2000309.pdf (URL)
  • Gruber, Kerry. Non-Professional Staff in the Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and Common Core of Data (CCD). National Center for Education Statistics Working Paper Series.2000-13, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2000/200013.pdf (URL)
  • Kalton, Graham, Winglee, Marianne, Krawchuk, Sheila, Levine, Daniel. Quality Profile for SASS Rounds 1-3: 1987-1995, Aspects of the Quality of Data in the Schools and Staffing Surveys (SASS). NCES 2000-308, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2000/2000308.pdf (URL)
  • McLaughlin, Donald, Drori, Gili. School-Level Correlates of Academic Achievement: Student Assessment Scores in SASS Public Schools. NCES 2000-303, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2000/2000303.pdf (URL)
  • Mello, Victor Bandeira de, Young, Beth Aronstamm. State Profiles of Public Elementary and Secondary Education, 1996-97, Statistical Analysis Report. NCES 2000-304, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 2000.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2000/2000304.pdf (URL)
  • Gruber, Kerry, Rohr, Carol L., Perona, Mia, Fondelier, Sharon E.. 1993-94 Schools and Staffing Survey: Data File User's Manual, Volume III: Public-Use Codebook. NCES 1999-12, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1999.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs99/199912.pdf (URL)
  • Kaufman, Phillip, Chen, Xianglei, Choy, Susan P., Chandler, Kathryn A., Chapman, Christopher D., Rand, Michael R., Ringel, Cheryl. Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 1999. NCJ 178906, United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. 1999.
    • ID: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/iscs99.pdf (URL)
  • Weiss, E.M.. Perceived workplace conditions and first-year teachers' morale, career choice commitment, and planned retention: A secondary analysis. Teaching and Teacher Education.15, 861-879.1999.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0742-051X(99)00040-2 (DOI)
  • Ballou, Dale. The Condition of Urban School Finance: Efficient Resource Allocation in Urban Schools. Selected Papers in School Finance, 1996.NCES 98-217, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 1998.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/finance/98217.pdf (URL)
  • Bushery, John, Schreiner, Irwin, Sebron, Gene. Response Variance in the 1993-94 Schools and Staffing Survey: A Reinterview Report. Working Paper Series.NCES 98-02, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1998.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/9802.pdf (URL)
  • Chambers, Jay G.. Geographic Variations in Public Schools' Costs. NCES 98-04, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1998.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/9804.pdf (URL)
  • Chaney, Bradford. School Library Media Centers: 1993-94. NCES 98-282, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1998.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/98282.pdf (URL)
  • Choy, Susan. Toward Better Teaching: Professional Development in 1993-94. NCES 98-230, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1998.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/teaching9394/98230.pdf (URL)
  • Colle, Cornette, Schwanz, Dennis J.. SASS Documentation: 1993-94 SASS Student Sampling Problems; Solutions for Determining the Numerators for the SASS Private School (3B) Second-State Factors. Working Paper Series.NCES 98-05, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1998.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/9805.pdf (URL)
  • Ladner, Joyce. Financing education in the District of Columbia from the perspective of the financial authority. Developments in School Finance, 1997: Fiscal Proceedings from the Annual State Data Conference, July 1997.Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 1998.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/dev97/98212-4.pdf (URL)
  • Levine, Roger, Christenson, Bruce. Public School Districts in the United States: A Statistical Profile: 1987-88 to 1993-94. NCES 98-203, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1998.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/98203.pdf (URL)
  • Shen, J.. Alternative certification, minority teachers, and urban education. Education and Urban Society.31, (1), 30-41.1998.
    • ID: 10.1177/0013124598031001003 (DOI)
  • Smith, Thomas M., Young, Beth Aronstamm, Bae, Yupin, Choy, Susan P., Alsalam, Nabeel. School Library Media Center Resources, Indicator 6. The Condition of Education, 1997.Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 1998.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/98006.pdf (URL)
  • Cooley, V., Shen, J.. Are schools and families ready for school learning: Reflections from a National Longitudinal Study. Educational Horizons.76, (2), 81-86.1997.
  • Daugherty, Shannon, DeAngelis, Karen, Rossi, Robert. Credentials and Tests in Teacher Hiring: What Do Districts Require?. Issue Brief.NCES 97-592, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs97/97592.pdf (URL)
  • DeAngelis, Karen, Rossi, Robert. Programs for Aspiring Principals: Which Principals Participated?. Issue Brief.NCES 97-591, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs97/97591.pdf (URL)
  • DeAngelis, Karen, Rossi, Robert. Schools Serving Family Needs: Extended-Day Programs in Public and Private Schools. Issue Brief.NCES 97-590, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs97/97590.pdf (URL)
  • Fiore, Thomas A., Curtin, Thomas R.. Public and Private School Principals in the United States: A Statistical Profile, 1987-88 to 1993-94. NCES 97-455, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/ppsp/97455.pdf (URL)
  • Han, Mei, Baker, David, Rodriguez, Carlos. SASS 1993-94: A Profile of Policies and Practices for Limited English Proficient Students: Screening Methods, Program Support, and Teacher Training. NCES 97-472, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs97/97472.pdf (URL)
  • Henke, Robin R., Choy, Susan P., Chen, Xianglei, Geis, Sonya, Alt, Martha Naomi. America's Teachers: Profile of a Profession, 1993-94. NCES 97-460, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs97/97460.pdf (URL)
  • Jenkins, Cleo R.. Report of the Cognitive Research on the Public and Private School Teacher Questionnaires for the Schools and Staffing Survey 1993-94 School Year. NCES 97-10, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs97/9710.pdf (URL)
  • Khattri, Nidhi. Status of Data on Crime and Violence in Schools: Final Report. Working Paper Series.NCES-WP-97-09, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs97/9709.pdf (URL)
  • McCandless, Elise, Rossi, Robert, Daugherty, Shannon. Are Limited English Proficient (LEP) Students Being Taught by Teachers with LEP Training?. Issue Brief.NCES 97-907, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/97907.pdf (URL)
  • McLaughlin, Donald H.. Private Schools in the United States: A Statistical Profile 1993-94. NCES 97-459, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/ps/97459.pdf (URL)
  • Mechman, Ellen M., O'Brien, Eileen M., Wodatch, Jessica K.. Measuring School Reform: Recommendations for Future SASS Data Collection. Working Paper Series.NCES 97-12, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs97/9712.pdf (URL)
  • Monaco, David, Salvucci, Sameena, Zhang, Fan, Hu, Mingxiu. An Analysis of Total Nonresponse in the 1993-94 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). NCES 98-243, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/98243.pdf (URL)
  • Pavel, D. Michael, Curtin, Thomas R.. Characteristics of American Indian and Alaska Native Education. NCES 97-451, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs97/97451.pdf (URL)
  • Perie, Marianne, Baker, David P., Bobbitt, Sharon. Time Spent Teaching Core Academic Subjects in Elementary Schools: Comparisons Across Community, School, Teacher, and Student Characteristics. NCES 97-293, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/97293.pdf (URL)
  • Perie, Mariuanne, Baker, David P.. Job Satisfaction Among America's Teachers: Effects of Workplace Conditions, Background Characteristics, and Teacher Compensation. NCES 97-471, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs97/97471.pdf (URL)
  • Shen, J.. Has the alternative certification policy materialized its promise? A comparison between traditionally and alternatively certified teachers in public schools. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis.19, (3), 276-283.1997.
  • Shen, J.. The evolution of violence in schools. Educational Leadership.55, (2), 18-20.1997.
  • Whitener, Summer, Gruber, Kerry, Lynch, Hilda, Rohr, Carol, Tingos, Kate. Schools and Staffing Survey: Student Records Questionnaire: School Year 1993-94, With Special Emphasis on American Indians and Alaska Native Students. E.D. Tab.NCES 97-449, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1997.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs97/97449.pdf (URL)
  • Abramson, Robert, Cole, Cornette, Fondelier, Sharon, Jackson, Betty, Parmer, Randall, Kaufman, Steven. 1993-94 Schools and Staffing Survey: Sample Design and Estimation. NCES 96-089, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1996.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/96089.pdf (URL)
  • Daugherty, Shannon, Rossi, Robert. How Widespread is Site-Based Decisionmaking in the Public Schools?. Issue Brief.NCES 97-908, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1996.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/97908.pdf (URL)
  • DeAngelis, Karen, Rossi, Robert. Public School Choice Programs, 1993-94: Availability and Student Participation. Issue Brief.NCES 97-909, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1996.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/97909.pdf (URL)
  • Gruber, Kerry, Rohr, Carol, Fondelier, Sharon. 1993-94 Schools and Staffing Survey: Data File User's Manual, Volume I: Survey Documentation. NCES 96-142, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1996.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/96142.pdf (URL)
  • Henke, Robin R., Choy, Susan P., Broughman, Stephen P.. Schools and Staffing in the U.S.: A Statistical Profile, 1993-94. NCES 96-124, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1996.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/96124.pdf (URL)
  • Mello, Victor Bandeira de, Broughman, Stephen. SASS by State 1993-94 Schools and Staffing Survey: Selected Results. NCES 96-312, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1996.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs96/96312.pdf (URL)
  • Ross, J. Michael. Nested Structures: District-Level Data in the Schools and Staffing Survey. NCES 96-15, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1996.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs96/9615.pdf (URL)
  • Rossi, Robert, Daugherty, Shannon. How Safe Are the Public Schools: What Do Teachers Say?. Issue Brief.NCES 96-842, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 1996.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/96842.pdf (URL)
  • Royal, Mark, DeAngelis, Karen, Rossi, Robert. Teachers' Sense of Community: How Do Public and Private Schools Compare?. Issue Brief.NCES 97-910, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. 1996.
    • ID: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs/97910.pdf (URL)
  • Gruber, Kerry, Bobbitt, Sharon A.. Schools and Staffing in the United States: Selected Data for Public and Private Schools, 1993-94. E.D. Tab.NCES 95-191, Washington, DC: United States Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement. 1995.

Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics (1999): Schools and Staffing Survey, 1993-1994 [United States]: Revised Version. Version 1. Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) Series. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02748.v1