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Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (8th- and 10th-Grade Surveys), 1998

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
Creator
  • Johnston, Lloyd D. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Bachman, Jerald G. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M. (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
  • Schulenberg, John (University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Survey Research Center)
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series
Publication Date
2000-05-17
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse
Language
English
Free Keywords
adolescents; attitudes; crime; demographic characteristics; drug education; drug use; family background; gender roles; high school students; human behavior; lifestyles; religious attitudes; self esteem; social change; tobacco use; values; youths
Description
  • Abstract

    These surveys of 8th- and 10th-grade students are part of a series that explores changes in important values, behaviors, and lifestyle orientations of contemporary American youth. Students in each grade are randomly assigned to complete one of two questionnaires, each with a different subset of topical questions but containing a set of "core" questions on demographics and drug use. There are about 300 variables across the questionnaires. Drugs covered by this survey include amphetamines (stimulants), barbiturates (tranquilizers), other prescription drugs, tobacco, alcohol, inhalants, steroids, marijuana, hashish, LSD, hallucinogens, cocaine, crack, and injection drugs such as heroin.
  • Methods

    Each of the seven parts contains a weight variable, V5. They were originally varied by school but were modified to protect respondent confidentiality. Users should use the weight variable for all analyses, the results of which will differ slightly from published data tables that used original data.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The participation rate among schools has been between 66 and 80 percent since the inception of the study. The student response rates for the 1998 8th- and 10th-grade surveys were 88 percent and 87 percent, respectively.
  • Table of Contents

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: 8th-Grade Form 1 Data
    • DS2: 8th-Grade Form 2 Data
    • DS3: 8th-Grade Form 3 Data
    • DS4: 8th-Grade Form 4 Data
    • DS5: 10th-Grade Form 1 Data
    • DS6: 10th-Grade Form 2 Data
    • DS7: 10th-Grade Form 3 Data
    • DS8: 10th-Grade Form 4 Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1998
  • Collection date: 1998
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Enrolled 8th- and 10th-grade students in the contiguous United States.
Sampling
Multistage area probability sample design involving three selection stages: (1) geographic areas or primary sampling units (PSUs), (2) schools (or linked groups of schools) within PSUs, and (3) students within sampled schools. Separate samples were drawn for each grade. Of the 80 PSUs, 8 were selected with certainty and 72 were selected with probability proportionate to size based on the size of the 8th- (or 10th-) grade class in each school. In schools with more than 400 8th (or 10th) graders, a random sample of students or classes was drawn. In schools with less than 400 8th (or 10th) graders, all students were asked to participate. Each sampled school was asked to participate for two years, so that each year one-half of the sample is replaced. Schools refusing participation were replaced with similar schools in terms of geographic location, size, and type of school (e.g., public, private/Catholic, private/non-Catholic). For the 8th-grade survey, schools with less than 15 8th graders were excluded from the sample. For the 10th-grade survey, schools with less than 25 10th graders were excluded.
Collection Mode
  • self-administered questionnaires

    To protect the anonymity of respondents, all variables that could be used to identify individuals have been collapsed or recoded in the public use files. These modifications should not affect analytic uses of the public use files.

    MTF does not release detailed geography codes in its public use files because of the disclosure risk it would cause. The MTF sample is drawn to generate representative samples of the four Census Bureau regions of the country (Northeast, Midwest, South, and West), but it does not generate representative samples of smaller geographic areas such as states, counties, or cities. For additional information about data that is withheld from the public use files please contact MTF directly at mtfinformation@umich.edu.

Note
2007-08-29 This update created ready-to-go file formats for downloading on the Web site and to add Stata set-up files. Funding insitution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute on Drug Abuse (3-R01-DA-01411).
Availability
Delivery
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (help@icpsr.umich.edu).
Alternative Identifiers
  • 2752 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR02752.v1
Publications
  • Bachman, J.G., Staff, J., O'Malley, P.M., Freedman-Doan, P.. Adolescent work intensity, school performance, and substance use: Links vary by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status. Developmental Psychology.1-10.2013.
    • ID: 10.1037/a0031464 (DOI)
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the United States, 1991-2011. Surveillance Report #96.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System . 2013.
    • ID: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/surveillance96/Underage11.pdf (URL)
  • Tauras, John A., Huang, Jidong, Chaloupka, Frank J.. Differential impact of tobacco control policies on youth sub-populations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.10, (9), 4306-4322.2013.
    • ID: 10.3390/ijerph10094306 (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Y.M., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D.. Middle and high school drug testing and student illicit drug use: A national study 1998-2011. Journal of Adolescent Health.2013.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.11.020 (DOI)
  • Bell, Bethany A., Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J., Ferron, John M., Jiao, Qun, Hibbard, Susan T., Kromrey, Jeffrey D.. Use of design effects and sample weights in complex health survey data: A review of published articles using data from 3 commonly used adolescent health surveys. American Journal of Public Health.102, (7), 1399-1405.2012.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300398 (DOI)
  • Chapman, Shawna L. Carroll, Wu, Li-Tzy. Substance abuse among individuals with intellectual disabilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities.33, (4), 1147-1156.2012.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.ridd.2012.02.009 (DOI)
  • Dever, B.V., Schulenberg, J.E., Dworkin, J.B., O'Malley, P.M., Kloska, D.D., Bachman, J.G.. Predicting risk-taking with and without substance use: The effects of parental monitoring, school bonding, and sports participation. Prevention Science.13, (6), 605-615.2012.
    • ID: 10.1007/s11121-012-0288-z (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2011: Volume I, Secondary School Students. 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/mtf-vol1_2011.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Illicit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2011. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 77.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2012.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/mtf-occ77.pdf (URL)
  • Keyes, K.M., Schulenberg, J.E., O'Malley, P.M., Johnston, L.D., Bachman, J.G., Li, G., Hasin, D.. Birth cohort effects on adolescent alcohol use: The influence of social norms from 1976 to 2007. Archives of General Psychiatry.69, (12), 1304-1313.2012.
    • ID: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2012.787 (DOI)
  • Barua, Rashmi, Vidal-Fernandez, Marian. No Pass No Drive: Education and Allocation of Time. Working Paper Series.. 2011.
  • Caraballo, Ralph S., Asman, Katherine. Epidemiology of menthol cigarette use in the United States . Tobacco Induced Diseases.9, (S1), 2011.
    • ID: 10.1186/1617-9625-9-S1-S1 (DOI)
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Williams, Gerald D., Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the United States, 1991-2009. Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2011.
    • ID: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/surveillance91/Underage09.pdf (URL)
  • Francis, Shelley A.. Using a framework to explore associations between parental substance use and the health outcomes of their adolescent children. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse.20, (1), 1-14.2011.
    • ID: 10.1080/1067828X.2010.517736 (DOI)
  • Garland, Eric L., Howard, Matthew O., Vaughn, Michael G., Perron, Brian E.. Volatile substance misuse in the United States. Substance Use and Misuse.46, (S1), 8-20.2011.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826084.2011.580172 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O’Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975–2010. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 74.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2011.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/mtf-occ74.pdf (URL)
  • Katel, Peter. Teen drug use: Do weaker drug laws encourage youths to try pot?. CQ Researcher.21, (21), 481-504.2011.
  • Keyes, Katherine M., Schulenberg, John E., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Bachman, Jerald G., Li, Guohua, Hasin, Deborah. The social norms of birth cohorts and adolescent marijuana use in the United States, 1976-2007. Addiction.106, (10), 1790-1800.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03485.x (DOI)
  • Maxwell, Jane Carlisle. The prescription drug epidemic in the United States: A perfect storm. Drug and Alcohol Review.30, (3), 264-270.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00291.x (DOI)
  • Syvertsen, Amy K., Wray-Lake, Laura, Flanagan, Constance A., Osgood, D. Wayne, Briddell, Laine. Thirty-year trends in U.S. adolescents' civic engagement: A story of changing participation and educational differences. Journal of Research on Adolescence.21, (3), 586-594.2011.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00706.x (DOI)
  • Terry-McElrath, Yvonne, Emery, Sherry, Szczypka, Glen, Johnston, Lloyd D.. Potential exposure to anti-drug advertising and drug-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among United States youth, 1995–2006. Addictive Behaviors.36, (1-2), 116-124.2011.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.09.005 (DOI)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Freedman-Doan, Peter, Trzesniewski, Kali H., Donnellan, M. Brent. Adolescent self-esteem: Differences by race/ethnicity, gender, and age. Self and Identity.2010.
    • ID: 10.1080/15298861003794538 (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O’Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975–2009. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 73.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2010.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ73.pdf (URL)
  • Keyes, Katherine M.. Ecologic-level Disapproval and the Prevalence of Substance Use: A Multi-level Age-period-cohort Analysis of High-school Attending Adolescents in the United States. Dissertation, Columbia University. 2010.
  • Nelson, Jon P.. What is learned from longitudinal studies of advertising and youth drinking and smoking? A critical assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.7, (3), 870-926.2010.
    • ID: 10.3390/ijerph7030870 (DOI)
  • Patrick, Megan E., Schulenberg, John E.. Alcohol use and heavy episodic drinking prevalence and predictors among national samples of American eighth- and tenth-grade students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.71, (1), 41-45.2010.
  • Simerlink, Daniel J.. An Analysis of Sales and Customer Service Processes for U.S. Consumers Born Around 1982--1992. Dissertation, Walden University. 2010.
  • Staff, J., Schulenberg, J.E.. Millennials and the world of work: Experiences in paid work during adolescence. Journal of Business and Psychology.25, (2), 247-255.2010.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10869-010-9167-4 (DOI)
  • Trzesniewski, Kali H., Donnellan, M. Brent. Rethinking 'Generation Me': A study of cohort effects from 1976-2006. Perspectives on Psychological Science.5, (1), 58-75.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1745691609356789 (DOI)
  • Twenge, Jean M., Campbell, W. Keith. Birth cohort differences in the Monitoring the Future dataset and elsewhere: Further evidence for Generation Me—Commentary on Trzesniewski & Donnellan (2010). Perspectives on Psychological Science.5, (1), 81-88.2010.
    • ID: 10.1177/1745691609357015 (DOI)
  • Tworek, C., Yamaguchi, R., Kloska, D.D., Emery, S., Barker, D.C., Giovino, G.A., O'Malley, P.M., Chaloupka, F.J.. State-level tobacco control policies and youth smoking cessation measures. Health Policy.97, (2-3), 136-144.2010.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2010.04.009 (DOI)
  • Zhong, Hua, Schwartz, Jennifer. Exploring gender-specific trends in underage drinking across adolescent age groups and measures of drinking: Is girls' drinking catching up with boys'?. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.39, (8), 911-926.2010.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10964-009-9413-0 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Study findings from University of Michigan provide new insights into behavior. Women's Health Weekly.1082009.
  • Chen, Chiung M., Yi, Hsiao-ye, Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in Underage Drinking in the U.S., 1991-2007. Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System Surveillance Reports #86.Washington, DC: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. 2009.
  • Clarke, Philippa, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E., Lantz, Paula. Differential trends in weight-related health behaviors among American young adults by gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status: 1984-2006. American Journal of Public Health.99, (10), 18932009.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2008.141317 (DOI)
  • DiFranza, Joseph R., Savageau, Judith A., Fletcher, Kenneth E.. Enforcement of underage sales laws as a predictor of daily smoking among adolescents -- a national study. BMC Public Health.9, 1072009.
    • ID: 10.1186/1471-2458-9-107 (DOI)
  • Goodkind, Sara, Wallace, John M., Shook, Jeffrey J., Bachman, Jerald, O'Malley, Patrick. Are girls really becoming more delinquent? Testing the gender convergence hypothesis by race and ethnicity, 1976–2005. Children and Youth Services Review.31, (8), 885-895.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2009.04.002 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2008. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 71.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2009.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ71.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2008. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH-PUB-09-7402, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2008.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future: National Survey on Drug Use, 1975-2008: Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. No. 09-7403, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Us, 1975-2008: Volume II, College Students and Adults Ages 19-50. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2009.
  • Powell, Lisa M., Chriqui, Jamie, Chaloupka, Frank J.. Associations between state-level soda taxes and adolescent Body Mass Index. Journal of Adolescent Health.45, (3), S57-S63.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.03.003 (DOI)
  • Sargent, James D., Heatherton, Todd F.. Comparison of trends for adolescent smoking and smoking in movies, 1990-2007. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.301, (21), 2211-2213.2009.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.2009.745 (DOI)
  • Wallace, John M., Jr., Vaughn, Michael G., Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Schulenberg, John E.. Race/ethnicity, socioeconomic factors, and smoking among early adolescent girls in the United States. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.104, (1), S42-S49.2009.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2009.06.007 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. Tobacco hits lowest rate since survey began 33 years ago. Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly.1-3.2008.
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2007. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 69.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ69.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2007. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH-PUB-08-6418A, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2007.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, J.G., O'Malley, P.M., Schulenberg, J.E., Johnston, L.D.. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2007. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NIH-PUB-08-6418B, Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2007.pdf (URL)
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, P., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Revisiting Marriage Effects on Substance Use among Young Adults. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 68.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2008.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ68.pdf (URL)
  • Hua, Lv, Braddock, Jomills Henry, II. School sports and adolescent steroid use: National trends and race-ethnic variations. Challenge: A Journal of Research on African American Men.14, (2), 29-49.2008.
  • Nelson, David E, Mowery, Paul, Asman, Kat, Pederson, Linda L, O'Malley, Patrick M, Malarcher, Ann, Maibach, Edward W, Pechacek, Terry F. Long-term trends in adolescent and young adult smoking in the United States: metapatterns and implications. American Journal of Public Health.98, (5), 905-915.2008.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.115931 (DOI)
  • Pampel, Fred C.. Differences in the influence of family background and social activities on smoking of minority and white high school seniors, 1976-2004. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.10, (6), 507-515.2008.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10903-008-9139-1 (DOI)
  • Russell, Jen. Research of Note. Youth Today.17, (7), 312008.
  • The White House. National Drug Control Strategy. Data Supplement 2008.NCJ 221951, Washington, DC: Office of National Drug Control Policy. 2008.
    • ID: http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs08_data_supl/ndcs_suppl08.pdf (URL)
  • Wallace, J.M., Jr., Goodkind, S.A., Wallace, C.M., Bachman, J.G.. Racial, ethnic, and gender differences in school discipline among U.S. high school students: 1991-2005. Negro Educational Review.59, (1-2), 47-62.2008.
  • Wood, Ruth I.. Anabolic-androgenic steroid dependence? Insights from animals and humans. Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology.29, (4), 490-506.2008.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.yfrne.2007.12.002 (DOI)
  • (author unknown). Obesity epidemiology: Study results from University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research provide new insights into obesity epidemiology. Obesity, Fitness, and Wellness Week.307 -2007.
  • Bachman, Jerald G., Freedman-Doan, P., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D, Messersmith, E.E.. Education drug use relationships: An examination of racial/ethnic subgroups. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 66.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2007.
  • Beauvais, Fred, Thurman, Pamela Jumper, Burnside, Martha, Plested, Barbara. Prevalence of American Indian adolescent tobacco use: 1993-2004. Substance Use and Misuse.42, (4), 591-601.2007.
    • ID: 10.1080/10826080701202171 (DOI)
  • Carpenter, Christopher S., Kloska, Deborah D., O'Malley, Patrick, Johnston, Lloyd. Alcohol control policies and youth alcohol consumption: Evidence from 28 years of Monitoring the Future. B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy.7, (1), 2007.
    • ID: http://www.bepress.com/bejeap/vol7/iss1/art25 (URL)
  • Delva, Jorge, Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M.. The epidemiology of overweight and related lifestyle behaviors: Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status differences among American youth. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.33, (4, Suppl), S178-S186.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.amepre.2007.07.008 (DOI)
  • Delva, Jorge, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Health-related behaviors and overweight: A study of Latino adolescents in the United States of America. Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica / Pan American Journal of Public Health.21, (1), 11-20.2007.
    • ID: 10.1590/S1020-49892007000100002 (DOI)
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2006. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 67.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2007.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2006. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NIH Publication No. 07-6205.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
  • Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., Schulenberg, J.E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2006. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NIH Publication No. 07-6206.Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Use. Overview of Key Findings, 2006. NIH Publication No. 07-6202.Bethesda, MD: United States Department of of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2007.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview2006.pdf (URL)
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D., Delva, Jorge, Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Variation in obesity among American secondary school students by school and school characteristics. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.33, (4, Suppl), S187-S194.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.amepre.2007.07.001 (DOI)
  • Powell, Lisa M., Auld, M. Christopher, Chaloupka, Frank J., O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Associations between access to food stores and adolescent Body Mass Index. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.33, (4, Suppl), S301-S307.2007.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.amepre.2007.07.007 (DOI)
  • Saffer, Henry, Wakefield, Melanie, Terry-McElrath, Yvonne. The Effect of Nicotine Replacement Therapy Advertising on Youth Smoking. NBER Working Paper Series.12964, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2007.
  • Wallace, John M., Yamaguchi, Ryoko, Bachman, Jerald G., O'Malley, Patrick M., Schulenberg, John E., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Religiosity and adolescent substance use: The role of individual and contextual influences. Social Problems.54, (2), 308-327.2007.
    • ID: 10.1525/sp.2007.54.2.308 (DOI)
  • Arria, Amelia M., Wish, Eric D.. Nonmedical use of prescription stimulants among students. Pediatric Annals.35, (8), 565-571.2006.
  • Delva, Jorge, O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status differences in overweight and health-related behaviors among American students: National trends 1986-2003. Journal of Adolescent Health.39, (4), 536-545.2006.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2006.02.013 (DOI)
  • Faden, Vivian B.. Trends in initiation of alcohol use in the United States 1975 to 2003 . Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research.30, (6), 1011-1022.2006.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2006.00115.x (DOI)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G.. Demographic subgroup trends for various licit and illicit drugs, 1975-2005 . Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper 63.Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ63.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Demographic Subgroup Trends for Various Licit and Illicit Drugs, 1975-2005. Monitoring the Future Occasional Paper No. 63.Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research. 2006.
    • ID: http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/occpapers/occ63.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2005. Volume I: Secondary School Students. NCJ 291001, Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol1_2005.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2005. Volume II: College Students and Adults Ages 19-45. NCJ 219002, Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/vol2_2005.pdf (URL)
  • Johnston, Lloyd D., O'Malley, Patrick M., Bachman, Jerald G., Schulenberg, John E.. Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2005. Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute on Drug Abuse. 2006.
    • ID: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/pubs/monographs/overview2005.pdf (URL)
  • National Institute of Drug Abuse. High School & Youth Trends. NIDA InfoFacts.Bethesda, MD: United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Drug Abuse. 2006.
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    • ID: 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.07.008 (DOI)
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  • Garlow, Steven J.. Age, gender, and ethnic differences in patterns of cocaine and ethanol use preceding suicide. American Journal of Psychiatry.159, (4), 615-619.2002.
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Update Metadata: 2015-08-05 | Issue Number: 8 | Registration Date: 2015-06-15

Johnston, Lloyd D.; Bachman, Jerald G.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Schulenberg, John (2000): Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (8th- and 10th-Grade Surveys), 1998. Archival Version. Monitoring the Future (MTF) Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02752